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Vessel Fire Safety Regulations (SOR/2017-14)

Regulations are current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2021-06-23. Previous Versions

PART 3Vessels of Less than 24 m in Length (continued)

Ventilation Systems — Passenger-carrying Vessels

  •  (1) This section applies in respect of passenger-carrying vessels.

  • (2) A ventilation duct that serves an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse must not pass through a machinery space unless the duct is gastight, made of steel or aluminum alloy and insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

  • (3) Every exhaust ventilation duct from a galley range hood must have a grease trap and be made of steel.

  • (4) Means must be provided for closing the main inlets and outlets of every ventilation system from a position outside the space served by the system. The means of closing must

    • (a) be readily accessible;

    • (b) be prominently and permanently marked as being the main inlet or outlet to the space; and

    • (c) indicate whether the inlets and outlets are open or closed.

  • (5) Means of control must be provided for stopping the ventilation fans that serve an accommodation space, service space, cargo space, control station or machinery space. The means must be in a readily accessible position outside the space or the station but, in the case of a ventilation fan serving a machinery space, must be located as required by subsection 341(2).

  • (6) A ventilation duct that serves a machinery space or galley must not pass through an accommodation space, service space or wheelhouse unless the duct is gastight, made of steel or aluminum alloy and insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

  • (7) On a composite vessel, if a ventilation duct that serves a machinery space is an integral part of the structure, the internal surfaces of the duct must be coated with a fire retardant coating of the intumescent type or be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

Fuel Tanks — Passenger-carrying Vessels

  •  (1) This section applies in respect of passenger-carrying vessels.

  • (2) A fuel tank must

    • (a) if feasible, be located outside the machinery spaces; and

    • (b) be made of steel or of another material of equivalent structural properties.

  • (3) If a fuel tank that is not made of steel is located in or adjacent to a machinery space, or is located in or adjacent to a space containing flammable material, the exposed surfaces of the tank must be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

  • (4) On a composite vessel, a composite fuel tank that is an integral part of the hull must be coated with a final layer of fire retardant resin. The exposed surfaces of the tank must be insulated with 30-minute fire rated insulation.

Fire Detection, Alarms and Communications

Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm Systems

  •  (1) An automatic fire detection and alarm system must be installed in order to detect the presence and location of a fire in an accommodation space, machinery space and service space.

  • (2) The system must indicate the presence of the fire by an audio signal given at one or more points on the vessel so as to come rapidly to the notice of the vessel’s master and crew. In an occupied machinery space with high ambient noise level, the system must also indicate the presence of the fire by flashing red lights or beacons of sufficient intensity and number to alert the occupants of the space.

  • (3) The system must be designed so that

    • (a) power supplies and electric circuits necessary for the operation of the system are monitored for losses of power and fault conditions;

    • (b) a loss of power or a fault condition initiates a visual and audible fault signal at the control panel that is distinct from a fire signal;

    • (c) there are at least two sources of power supply for the system, one of which is an emergency source;

    • (d) visual and audible alarm signals at the control panel indicate when the normal supply has failed and the system is operating on the emergency source of power;

    • (e) the power supply for the system is provided by separate feeders reserved solely for that purpose;

    • (f) the smoke and heat detectors for the system are grouped into sections and the activation of any detector initiates a visual and audible fire signal at the control panel;

    • (g) if the vessel has a public address system, the audio signal to indicate the presence of a fire is automatically interrupted during communication from the system; and

    • (h) the control panel is located at the main control position.

  • (4) The system must be installed so that

    • (a) there is at least one smoke detector in each cabin, corridor, escape route or stairway, and in each service space not containing cooking appliances;

    • (b) there is at least one heat detector in each public room or machinery space, and in each service space containing cooking appliances;

    • (c) the smoke detectors and heat detectors are located for optimum performance, and the surface coverage of each detector does not exceed its manufacturer’s specifications; and

    • (d) the wiring that forms part of the system does not enter any galley or machinery space, or any other enclosed space of high fire risk, except to the extent that the wiring is necessary to provide for fire detection or alarm in the space or to connect to the appropriate power supply in the space.

  • (5) The smoke and heat detectors must be certified by a product certification body or be of a type approved by a recognized organization.

  • (6) The heat detectors must be

    • (a) dual-action rate-of-rise and fixed-temperature; and

    • (b) set at a temperature appropriate for the protected space but in no case more than 78°C.

Public Address System

  •  (1) A public address system must be installed on a vessel whose layout restricts the use of direct oral communication from the control station or wheelhouse to any accommodation space, service space, machinery space, open deck or muster or embarkation station.

  • (2) The public address system must provide effective means of communication throughout the accommodation spaces, service spaces, open decks and muster and embarkation stations.

  • (3) The public address system must be designed and installed so that

    • (a) the controls are located in the wheelhouse or at the main fire control station;

    • (b) the wiring that forms part of the system does not enter any galley or machinery space, or any other enclosed space of high fire risk, except to the extent that the wiring is necessary to provide for fire detection or alarm in the space or to connect to the appropriate power supply in the space;

    • (c) a means is provided at the public address system station to interrupt all other audio systems; and

    • (d) the overall performance of the system is not affected by the failure of a single call station.

Water Firefighting Systems

General

 Every vessel must be fitted with a water firefighting system that meets the requirements of sections 334 to 338.

Fire Pumps

  •  (1) A vessel of a length overall set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection must be fitted with the number and type of fixed fire pumps set out in column 2 that have the water capacity set out in column 3 and the fire main diameter set out in column 4.

    Table

    ItemColumn 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    Length OverallFixed Fire PumpsWater Capacity (L/s)Fire Main Diameter (mm)
    1Not more than 15 mOne manual or power-driven fire pump1.1425
    2More than 15 m but not more than 20 m
    • (a) One manual or power-driven fire pump; and

    1.1438
    • (b) one power-driven fire pump

    1.1438
    3Over 20 m
    • (a) One manual or power-driven fire pump; and

    1.8038
    • (b) one power-driven fire pump

    2.2838
  • (2) If a bilge, sanitary or general service pump is used as a fire pump, a non-return valve or swing check valve must be fitted between the sea connection and the bilge suction to positively prevent the discharge of water into the bilge compartments. The bilge pumping system and the fire pumping system must be capable of simultaneous operation.

  • (3) A power-driven fire pump must not be powered by a main engine unless the engine can be operated independently of the propeller shafting.

  • (4) Relief valves must be provided for every fire pump that is capable of developing a pressure exceeding the design pressure of the fire piping, the fire hydrants or the fire hoses. The valves must be placed and adjusted to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the firefighting system.

  • (5) If one fire pump is required, it must be located outside the machinery space and be provided with a sea connection outside the space. If the pump is power-driven, it must be provided with a source of power outside the space.

  • (6) If two fire pumps are required, they must be located in separate compartments and be provided with sea connections independent of one another. If both of those pumps are power-driven, they must be provided with sources of power independent of one another.

  • (7) On a vessel fitted with two or more fire pumps connected to a common piping system, a non-return valve must be fitted to the discharge line of each pump to prevent water from backing through the pump when it is not operating.

  • (8) Every fire pump must

    • (a) be self-priming; and

    • (b) be capable of delivering a jet of water of at least 12 m from the nozzle.

  • (9) Every fire pump must, unless it is on the open deck, be made of non-combustible materials.

  • (10) Every fire pump impeller must be of a type that will not be damaged by heat from the pump or by the pump running dry.

  • (11) Every sea connection of a fire pump must have arrangements to prevent blockage of the connection’s inlet by ice, slush or debris.

Fire Piping and Fire Hydrants

  •  (1) The number and position of fire hydrants on a vessel must be such that, when they are fitted with hoses of not more than 18 m in length, the jet of water required by paragraph 334(8)(b) can reach any part of the vessel.

  • (2) Every fire hydrant must be equipped with a hose and with a dual-purpose nozzle that

    • (a) has an internal diameter of at least 12 mm;

    • (b) is capable of spray action and jet action; and

    • (c) has a means to shut it off.

  • (3) The branch fire piping and fire hydrants on a vessel must be of a standard size and have a diameter that is not less than the minimum diameter required by subsection 334(1) for fire mains on the vessel.

  • (4) On a vessel that carries deck cargo, the fire piping and fire hydrants must be arranged to avoid risk of damage by deck cargo.

  • (5) The maximum pressure at a fire hydrant must not exceed the pressure at which a fire hose can be effectively controlled by one crew member.

  • (6) Every fire hydrant must be installed so that

    • (a) a fire hose can be easily connected to it;

    • (b) it is limited to a position from the horizontal to the vertical pointing downward, so that the fire hose will lead horizontally or downward in order to minimize the possibility of kinking; and

    • (c) there is sufficient clearance below it to accommodate the radius of bend of the fire hose under pressure and to allow deployment of the hose in every direction.

  • (7) The fire piping must be installed with a gradient that allows drainage under all normal operating conditions. Drain valves must be provided where necessary for effective drainage.

  • (8) The fire piping and fire hydrants must be installed so as to avoid the possibility of freezing.

  •  (1) The fire piping and the valves and fittings of the water firefighting system must be made of galvanized steel or another material of equivalent mechanical strength and equivalent corrosion and fire-resistance.

  • (2) The joints in the fire piping must be connected in a manner that prevents leakage and must meet the pressure requirements of the fire piping system. Flanged or screwed connections, or other connections that are at least as reliable as flanged or screwed connections, must be used.

  •  (1) Every fire hydrant must be fitted with a valve so that any fire hose attached to the hydrant can be detached while the fire pumps are in operation.

  • (2) Every valve fitted to fire piping must be designed to open with a counter-clockwise rotation of the valve’s handle.

  • (3) The tools and accessories that are necessary to use a fire hydrant or fire hose must be located in close proximity to the hydrant or hose.

  •  (1) A flexible hose must not be used as part of the fire piping unless the hose

    • (a) is necessary to reduce the effect of vibration;

    • (b) has a length that is not more than six times the diameter of the rigid pipe to which it is attached;

    • (c) is clearly visible at all times;

    • (d) is oil-resistant;

    • (e) is certified by a product certification body or a testing laboratory as meeting

      • (i) the requirements of standard SAE J1942, entitled Hose and Hose Assemblies for Marine Applications, for type VW, or

      • (ii) the requirements of another standard that are equivalent to the requirements referred to in subparagraph (i);

    • (f) can withstand collapsing due to suction; and

    • (g) is secured at each end with a corrosion-resistant and galvanically compatible fitting that consists of

      • (i) a swaged sleeve,

      • (ii) a sleeve and threaded insert, or

      • (iii) two metallic hose clamps of a type that is not dependent on spring tension for compressive force and that has a nominal bandwidth of at least 12 mm.

  • (2) A metallic hose clamp may be used only with a flexible hose that is designed for clamps. The hose clamp must be

    • (a) fastened over the flexible hose and over the hose fitting, the spud or the rigid pipe; and

    • (b) installed at least 12 mm from the end of the flexible hose.

Fixed Gas Fire-extinguishing Systems

General

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (6), every machinery space must be served by

    • (a) a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system; or

    • (b) a fixed aerosol fire-extinguishing system.

  • (2) The fixed fire-extinguishing system must

    • (a) be an engineered system certified for marine use by a product certification body or be of a type approved by a recognized organization, and be installed and maintained by the manufacturer, or a person authorized by the manufacturer, in accordance with the certification or type approval; or

    • (b) be a pre-engineered system certified for marine use by a product certification body or be of a type approved by a recognized organization, and be installed and maintained in accordance with its design limitations and the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • (3) Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of the design of pressure containers for a fixed fire-extinguishing system. Every pressure container for a fixed fire-extinguishing system must bear a mark indicating that it

    • (a) meets the applicable requirements for transport by road or ship that are set out in section 5.10 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations;

    • (b) meets the applicable requirements for transport by road or ship that are set out in Title 49, subpart C of part 178 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States; or

    • (c) meets the applicable requirements for transportable pressure equipment that are set out in Directive 2010/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council and has undergone a conformity assessment procedure in accordance with that Directive by a notified body designated by a member state of the European Union.

  • (4) When a fixed fire-extinguishing system is activated, a complete charge must be released simultaneously.

  • (5) On a wooden or composite vessel,

    • (a) a fixed gas or aerosol fire-extinguishing system must have two independent complete charges of gas or aerosol. The quantity of gas or aerosol for each charge must meet the requirements of subsection 345(2), 346(2) or 347(2), as the case may be, respecting the quantity of gas or aerosol for the system; and

    • (b) a fixed aerosol fire-extinguishing system must be certified by a product certification body or be of a type approved by a recognized organization for deep-seated fires in Class A materials.

  • (6) A machinery space is not required to be served by a fixed fire-extinguishing system if

    • (a) in addition to the portable fire extinguishers required by subsection 309(1), the space is provided with a portable gas fire extinguisher that

      • (i) does not weigh more than 23 kg, and

      • (ii) meets the requirements of subsections 345(2) and (3) or subsections 346(2) and (5), as the case may be;

    • (b) the space is provided with a readily accessible port that permits the additional portable gas fire extinguisher to be discharged directly into the space without the need to open the primary access to the space, and that is

      • (i) labelled to clearly indicate its firefighting purpose and how to use it,

      • (ii) capable of accommodating the discharge nozzle of the extinguisher, and

      • (iii) arranged so that the extinguisher may be discharged in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; and

    • (c) the additional portable gas fire extinguisher is located outside the space and close to the port.

  • (7) The following definitions apply in this section.

    engineered system

    engineered system means, in respect of a fixed fire-extinguishing system, a system that requires calculations and a design that are specific to the vessel in which it is fitted and whose purpose is to determine the flow rates, nozzle pressures, pipe size, area or volume protected by each nozzle, the quantity of extinguishing agent and the number and types of nozzles and their placement. (système sur mesure)

    pre-engineered system

    pre-engineered system means, in respect of a fixed fire-extinguishing system, a system that

    • (a) does not require calculations, or a design, that are specific to the vessel in which it is fitted; and

    • (b) is specifically limited as to the type of space it can protect and the size of that space. (système précalculé)

 
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