Compensation and Compliance Units (continued)
Remittance of Compliance Units
Marginal note:Surplus credits
70 Any surplus credit may be remitted to the Minister for the purposes of subsection 174(1) or paragraph 178(1)(a) of the Act if the credit was issued no more than five calendar years before the remittance.
Marginal note:Other compliance units
71 Any recognized unit or credit or offset credit may be remitted to the Minister for the purposes of subsection 174(1) or paragraph 178(1)(a) of the Act if the unit or credit, as the case may be, was issued for GHG reductions or removals that occurred no more than eight calendar years before the remittance.
Suspension and Revocation
(2) The Minister must, without delay, notify the holder of the account of the suspension of the credit, the reasons for the suspension and the date on which it takes effect.
(3) The holder of the account may, within 30 days after the day on which the Minister’s notice under subsection (2) is issued, submit to the Minister their reasons why the credit should not be suspended.
73 The Minister must, after the period set out in subsection 72(3), thoroughly review the reasons for the suspension and notify the holder of the account that
(a) if the Minister determines that the reasons for the suspension are well-founded, the surplus credit or offset credit is revoked; or
(b) the suspension of the credit is lifted.
Marginal note:Request for cancellation
74 A request under subsection 180(2) of the Act to cancel a surplus credit or offset credit must be made to the Minister in writing and include the serial number of the credit to be cancelled.
Issuance Error or Invalidity
Marginal note:Application of subsection 181(1) of the Act
75 (1) If the Minister requires a person, under subsection 181(1) of the Act, to remit a compliance unit, the Minister must provide the person a notice indicating the reason for the remittance, the number of compliance units to be remitted and the deadline by which the remittance is to be made.
Marginal note:Manner of remittance
(2) The compliance units remitted to the Minister under subsection 181(2) of the Act must
(a) in the case surplus credits, have been issued within five calendar years before the deadline indicated in the notice provided under subsection (1); and
(b) in the case of recognized units or credits or offset credits, have been issued for GHG reductions or removals that occurred within the eight calendar years before the deadline indicated in the notice provided under subsection (1).
Marginal note:Accounts for participants
76 For the purposes of subsection 186(1) of the Act, any person, other than a person responsible for a covered facility, who wishes to open an account in the tracking system must notify the Minister in writing. The Minister must send to the person the conditions related to the use of that account in accordance with subsection 186(2) of the Act.
Marginal note:Notice of closure
Marginal note:Closing of account
(2) If the holder of the account fails to request that the account remain open before the expiry of the 60 days, the Minister may close the account under subsection 186(3) of the Act.
Recognized Units or Credits
Marginal note:Compliance unit
Marginal note:Offset programs
(2) In establishing the list of offset programs, the Minister must ensure that each one includes the following elements:
(a) rules regarding governance, oversight and enforcement;
(b) rules regarding registration and renewal of projects;
(c) rules regarding the establishment of periods within which units or credits may be issued;
(d) rules regarding who is entitled to the credit or unit for the GHG reductions or removals;
(e) measures to ensure that GHG reductions and removals are additional and permanent and that reversal risks have been mitigated;
(f) measures to ensure that, for a GHG reduction or removal of one CO2e tonne, no more than one credit or unit is issued and the unit or credit is not used more than once;
(g) publicly available information on projects, protocols and units or credits; and
(h) a requirement that, prior to the issuance of a unit or credit, there be a verification by a third party in accordance with procedures that allow them to determine with a reasonable level of assurance that the associated project meets the requirements of the protocol and program.
Marginal note:Offset protocols
(3) In establishing the list of offset protocols recognized under a program referred to in subsection (2), the Minister must verify that each protocol ensures that
(a) the reduction or removal is with respect to a GHG;
(b) the reduction or removal is not subject to carbon pollution pricing;
(c) the GHG reduction or removal is quantified using scientifically-established methods that allow for
(i) the calculation of the quantity of GHG emissions or removals for each GHG source, sink and reservoir,
(ii) the quantification of reversals,
(ii.1) the assessment of leakage risks,
(iii) the calculation of the quantity of GHG reductions or removals that would not have occurred in comparison with the baseline scenario, and
(iv) the use of conservative quantification assumptions and approaches;
(c.1) the baseline scenario used reflects the most recent data available, any legal requirements and current practices with respect to the activity that is the subject of the protocol;
(d) best practices are used for
(e) the GHG global warming potentials used in calculations are less than or equal to those set out in column 2 of Schedule 3 to the Act.
Marginal note:Recognized unit or credit
(4) A recognized unit or credit must, at the time of its remittance to the Minister,
(a) be valid;
(b) have been issued in respect of a project that uses a protocol referred to in subsection (3);
(c) have been issued in respect of a project located in Canada that began in 2017 or later; and
(d) have been verified by a verification body that
(i) is accredited as a verification body to the ISO Standard 14065 by the Standards Council of Canada, the American National Standards Institute or any other accreditation organization that is a member of the International Accreditation Forum, and
(ii) is not suspended by the accreditation organization that issued its accreditation.
- Date modified: