PART IGeneral (continued)
1.2 These Regulations are prescribed for the purposes of sections 125, 125.1, 125.2 and 126 of the Act.
- SOR/88-199, s. 2
- SOR/94-165, s. 4
1.21 These Regulations apply to any person who is not an employee but who performs for an employer to which these Regulations apply activities whose primary purpose is to enable the person to acquire knowledge or experience, and to the employer, as if that person were an employee of the employer, and every provision of these Regulations must be read accordingly.
- SOR/2015-211, s. 3
1.3 (1) Subject to subsection (3), these Regulations, other than Part II, apply in respect of employees employed on or in connection with exploration or drilling for or the production, conservation, processing or transportation, other than transportation through an interprovincial pipeline, of oil or gas in Canada lands, as defined in the Canada Oil and Gas Act.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), Part II applies in respect of employees employed in Canada lands, as defined in the Canada Oil and Gas Act, on or in connection with the transportation of oil or gas through an interprovincial pipeline.
(3) These Regulations do not apply in respect of employees employed in the operation of ships or aircraft.
Records and Reports
1.4 If an employer is required to keep and maintain a record, report or other document referred to in section 125 or 125.1 of the Act, the employer shall keep and maintain the record, report or other document in such a manner that it is readily available for examination by the Head of Compliance and Enforcement and by the safety and health committee or the safety and health representative, if either exists, for the work place to which it applies.
- SOR/88-199, s. 3
- SOR/94-165, s. 5
- SOR/2014-148, s. 22
- SOR/2021-118, s. 9
1.5 In the event of an inconsistency between any standard incorporated by reference in these Regulations and any other provision of these Regulations, that other provision of these Regulations shall prevail to the extent of the inconsistency.
1.6 Notwithstanding any provision in any standard incorporated by reference in these Regulations, a reference to another publication in that standard is a reference to the publication as it read on October 30, 1987.
PART IIInterprovincial Pipelines
2.1 The Canada Occupational Safety and Health Regulations apply in respect of employees employed in Canada lands, as defined in the Canada Oil and Gas Act, on or in connection with the transportation of oil or gas through an interprovincial pipeline.
- SOR/94-165, s. 6(F)
PART IIIBuilding Safety
3.1 The design and construction of every building on shore shall meet the standards set out in Parts 3 to 9 of the National Building Code so far as is reasonably practicable.
- SOR/94-165, s. 7(F)
3.2 Every double action swinging door that is located in an exit, entrance or passageway used for two-way pedestrian traffic shall be designed and fitted in a manner that will permit persons who are approaching from one side of the door to be aware of persons who are on the other side of the door.
Floor and Wall Openings
- floor opening
floor opening means an opening measuring 300 mm or more in its smallest dimension in a floor, platform, pavement or yard; (ouverture dans un plancher)
- wall opening
wall opening means an opening at least 750 mm high and 300 mm wide in a wall or partition. (ouverture dans un mur)
(2) Where an employee has access to a wall opening from which there is a drop of more than 1.2 m or to a floor opening, guardrails shall be fitted around the wall opening or floor opening or the opening shall be covered with material capable of supporting all loads that may be imposed on it.
(3) The material referred to in subsection (2) shall be securely fastened to a supporting structural member of the building.
(4) Subsection (2) does not apply to the loading and unloading areas of truck, railroad and marine docks.
(5) Subject to section 3.10, guardrails shall be installed around the perimeter of every work place, other than a helicopter deck, where there is a drop of more than 1 m from the work place to an adjacent area.
Open Top Bins, Hoppers, Vats and Pits
3.4 (1) Where an employee has access to an open top bin, hopper, vat, pit or other open top enclosure from a point directly above the enclosure, the enclosure shall be fitted with a fixed ladder on the inside wall of the enclosure and shall be
(2) A grating, screen, covering or walkway referred to in subsection (1) shall be so designed, constructed and maintained that it will support a load that is not less than
whichever is the greater.
- SOR/94-165, s. 8(E)
Ladders, Stairways and Ramps
3.5 Where an employee in the course of employment is required to move from one level to another level that is more than 450 mm higher or lower than the former level, the employer shall install a fixed ladder, stairway or ramp between the levels.
3.6 Where one end of a stairway is so close to a traffic route used by vehicles, to a machine or to any other hazard as to be hazardous to the safety of an employee using the stairway, the employer shall
(a) where practicable, install a barricade that will protect employees using the stairway from the hazard; or
(b) where it is not reasonably practicable to install a barricade, post a sign at that end of the stairway to warn employees of the hazard.
3.7 (1) Subject to subsection (5), a fixed ladder that is more than 6 m in length shall, where practicable, be fitted with a protective cage for that portion of its length that is more than 2 m above the base level of the ladder.
(2) Subject to subsection (5), a fixed ladder that is more than 9 m in length shall have, at intervals of not more than 6 m, a landing or platform that
(3) A fixed ladder, cage, landing or platform referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall be designed and constructed to withstand all loads that may be imposed on it.
(4) A fixed ladder shall be
(5) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to a fixed ladder that is used with a fall protection system referred to in section 13.10 of Part XIII.
Docks, Ramps and Dock Plates
(a) of sufficient strength to support the maximum load that is likely to be imposed on it;
(b) free of surface irregularities that may interfere with the safe operation of mobile equipment; and
(c) fitted around its sides that are not used for loading or unloading with side rails, curbs or rolled edges of sufficient height and strength to prevent mobile equipment from running over the edge.
(2) Every portable ramp and every dock plate shall be
- SOR/94-165, s. 9(E)
(a) a horizontal top rail or line not less than 900 mm and not more than 1 100 mm above the base of the guardrail;
(b) a horizontal intermediate rail or line spaced midway between the top rail or line and the base of the guardrail; and
(c) supporting posts spaced not more than 3 m apart at their centres.
(2) Every guardrail shall be designed to withstand the greater of
- SOR/94-165, s. 10(E)
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