Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations (SOR/87-612)

Regulations are current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-05-23. Previous Versions

PART IIIBuilding Safety (continued)

Guardrails (continued)

 Where it is not practicable to install guardrails as required by subsection 3.3(5) or subsection 4.8(1) or paragraph 4.11(2)(c) of Part IV, cables or chains shall be installed in a manner that will prevent employees from falling from the work place.

Toe Boards

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if there is a hazard that tools or other objects may fall from a platform or other raised area onto an employee, the employer shall, to the extent possible, install

    • (a) a toe board that

      • (i) extends above the floor of the raised area, and

      • (ii) prevents tools or other objects from falling; or

    • (b) if the tools or the other objects are piled to such a height that a toe board will not prevent the tools or the other objects from falling, a solid or mesh panel that extends from the floor of the raised area to a height of not less than 450 mm.

  • (2) If it is not possible to install a toe board on a platform or other raised area, all tools or other objects that could fall shall be

    • (a) tied in a manner that, if they fall, employees beneath the platform will be protected; or

    • (b) placed in a way that, if they fall, they will be caught by a safety net that shall be positioned so as to protect from injury any employee on or below the platform or other raised area.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 11
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 1

Housekeeping and Maintenance

  •  (1) Every stairway, walkway, ramp and passageway used by employees shall, as far as is practicable, be kept free of accumulations of ice and snow.

  • (2) All dust, dirt, waste and scrap material in a work place shall be removed as often as is necessary to protect the safety and health of employees and shall be disposed of in such a manner that the safety and health of employees is not compromised.

  • (3) Every travelled surface in a work place shall be maintained free from splinters, holes, loose boards and tiles or similar defects.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 12(F)
  •  (1) Where a floor in a work place is normally wet and employees in the work place do not use non-slip footwear, the floor shall be covered with a dry false floor or platform or treated with a non-slip material or substance.

  • (2) The floor in a work place shall, as far as is practicable, be kept free from oil, grease or any other slippery substance.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 13

Temporary Heat

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), where a salamander or other portable open-flame heating device is used in an enclosed work place, the heating device shall not restrict a means of exit and shall be

    • (a) so located, protected and used that there is no hazard of igniting combustible materials adjacent to the heating device;

    • (b) used only when there is ventilation provided that protects the safety and health of employees; and

    • (c) so located as to be protected from damage or overturning.

  • (2) Where the heating device referred to in subsection (1) does not provide complete combustion of the fuel used in connection with it, the heating device shall be equipped with a securely supported sheet metal pipe that discharges the products of combustion outside the enclosed work place.

  • (3) A portable fire extinguisher that has not less than a 10B rating as defined in the ULC Standard shall be readily accessible from the location of the heating device referred to in subsection (1) when the device is in use.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 14

PART IVTemporary Structures and Excavations

Interpretation

 In this Part, stage means a working platform supported from above. (plate-forme suspendue)

Application

 This Part applies to fixed and portable ladders, to stages and scaffolds and to temporary ramps and stairs.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 15(E)

General

 No employee shall work on a temporary structure in environmental conditions that are likely to be hazardous to the safety or health of the employee, except where the work is required to remove a hazard or to rescue an employee.

 Tools, equipment and materials used on a temporary structure shall be arranged or secured in such a manner that they cannot be knocked off the structure accidentally.

 No employee shall use a temporary structure unless

  • (a) he has authority from his employer to use it; and

  • (b) he has been trained and instructed in its safe and proper use.

  •  (1) Before a temporary structure is used by an employee, a qualified person shall make a visual safety inspection of it.

  • (2) Where an inspection made in accordance with subsection (1) reveals a defect or condition that adversely affects the structural integrity of a temporary structure, no employee shall use the temporary structure until the defect or condition is remedied.

Barricades

 Where a vehicle or a pedestrian may come into contact with a temporary structure, a person shall be positioned at the base of the temporary structure or a barricade shall be installed around it to prevent any such contact.

Guardrails and Toe Boards

  •  (1) Subject to section 3.10 of Part III, at every open edge of a platform of a temporary structure guardrails shall be installed and, subject to subsection 3.11(2) of Part III, where there is a likelihood that persons beneath the platform may be injured by objects falling from the platform, toe boards shall be installed.

  • (2) The guardrails and toe boards referred to in subsection (1) shall meet the standards set out in section 3.9 and subsection 3.11(1) of Part III.

Temporary Stairs, Ramps and Platforms

  •  (1) Subject to subsection 4.10(3), temporary stairs, ramps and platforms shall be designed, constructed and maintained to support any load that is likely to be imposed on them and to allow safe passage of persons and equipment on them.

  • (2) Temporary stairs shall have

    • (a) uniform steps in the same flight;

    • (b) a slope not exceeding 1.2 in 1; and

    • (c) a hand-rail that is not less than 900 mm and not more than 1 100 mm above the stair level on open sides including landings.

  • (3) Temporary ramps and platforms shall be

    • (a) securely fastened in place;

    • (b) braced if necessary to ensure their stability; and

    • (c) provided with cleats or surfaced in a manner that provides a safe footing for employees.

Scaffolds

  •  (1) The erection, use, dismantling or removal of a scaffold shall be carried out by or under the supervision of a qualified person.

  • (2) Where a scaffold is erected on an uneven surface, it shall be provided with base plates that maintain its stability.

  • (3) Every scaffold shall be capable of supporting at least four times the load that is likely to be imposed on it.

  • (4) Every scaffold shall

    • (a) have a platform that is at least 500 mm wide and securely fastened in place;

    • (b) have a working surface that is even and horizontal; and

    • (c) be fitted with guardrails except on the side where the work to be performed would be hindered by the guardrail.

  • (5) The footings and supports of every scaffold shall be capable of carrying, without dangerous settling, all loads that are likely to be imposed on them.

Stages

  •  (1) The erection, use, dismantling or removal of a stage shall be carried out by or under the supervision of a qualified person.

  • (2) Every stage shall

    • (a) have a working surface that is even and horizontal and is capable of supporting any load that is likely to be imposed on it;

    • (b) be fitted with an effective means of holding the stage away from the working area; and

    • (c) subject to section 3.10 of Part III, where the stage is to be used at a height of more than 3 m, be fitted with guardrails.

  • (3) The supporting structure and the ropes or tackle supporting a stage shall have a safety factor of not less than six.

 
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