PART XIIConfined Spaces (continued)
12.3 Where conditions in the confined space or the nature of the work to be performed in the confined space are such that subparagraph 12.2(1)(a)(i) and paragraphs 12.2(1)(c), (e) and (f) cannot be complied with, the following procedures shall apply:
(a) a qualified person trained in the procedures referred to in subsection 12.2(2) shall be
(b) every person granted access to the confined space shall be provided with and trained in the use of the protection equipment referred to in subsection 12.2(2);
(c) every employee entering into, exiting from and occupying the confined space shall wear a safety harness that is securely attached to a life line that
(d) two or more employees shall be in the immediate vicinity of the confined space to assist in the event of an accident or other emergency; and
(e) one of the employees referred to in paragraph (d) shall
- SOR/94-165, s. 47
12.4 Before a confined space is sealed, the person in charge of the area surrounding the confined space shall ascertain that no person is inside the confined space.
Hot Work Operations
12.5 (1) Hot work shall not be performed in a confined space where an explosive or flammable hazardous substance may be present unless a qualified person has determined that the work can be safely performed therein.
(2) Where hot work is to be performed in a confined space,
- SOR/88-199, s. 19
- SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)
(2) If the requirements set out in subsection 12.2(1) have been maintained with the use of ventilation equipment, no person shall be granted access to the confined space unless
(a) the ventilation equipment is
(b) in the event of a failure of the ventilation equipment, sufficient time is available for the person to escape from the confined space before
(i) the person’s exposure to or the concentration of a hazardous substance in the confined space exceeds the limit prescribed in paragraph 12.2(1)(a),
(ii) the concentration of airborne hazardous substances, other than chemical agents, in the confined space is hazardous to the safety or health of the person, or
(iii) the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere ceases to meet the requirements of paragraph 12.2(1)(c).
(3) The employee referred to in subparagraph (2)(a)(ii) shall activate an alarm in the event of a failure of the ventilation equipment.
- SOR/88-199, s. 19
- SOR/2014-141, s. 8
Reports and Procedures
12.7 The written report referred to in subsection 12.2(2) shall be kept by the employer for one year after the date on which the qualified person signs the report.
12.8 Where the employer establishes procedures or emergency procedures referred to in paragraph 12.2(2)(b) or (e), he shall keep a copy of them at his place of business nearest to the work place in which the confined space is located.
PART XIIISafety Materials, Equipment, Devices and Clothing
(a) it is not reasonably practicable to eliminate or control a safety or health hazard in a work place within safe limits, and
(b) the use of protection equipment may prevent or reduce injury from that hazard,
every person granted access to the work place who is exposed to that hazard shall use the protection equipment prescribed by this Part.
- SOR/94-165, s. 48(F)
13.2 All protection equipment
(a) shall be designed to protect the person from the hazard for which it is provided; and
(b) shall not in itself create a hazard.
13.3 All protection equipment provided by the employer shall
(a) be maintained, inspected and tested by a qualified person; and
(b) where necessary to prevent a health hazard, be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition by a qualified person.
13.4 Where there is a hazard of head injury in a work place, the employer shall provide protective headwear that meets the standards set out in CSA Standard Z94.1-M1977, Industrial Protective Headwear, the English version of which is dated April 1977, as amended to September 1982, and the French version of which is dated April 1980, as amended to September 1982.
13.5 (1) Where there is a hazard of a foot injury or electric shock through footwear in a work place, protective footwear that meets the standards set out in CSA Standard Z195-M1984, Protective Footwear, the English version of which is dated March 1984 and the French version of which is dated December 1984, shall be used.
(2) Where there is a hazard of slipping in a work place, non-slip footwear shall be used.
Eye and Face Protection
13.6 Where there is a hazard of injury to the eyes, face, ears or front of the neck of an employee in a work place, the employer shall provide eye or face protectors that meet the standards set out in CSA Standard Z94.3-M1982, Industrial Eye and Face Protectors, the English version of which is dated May 1982 and the French version of which is dated February 1983.
13.7 (1) Subject to subsection (4), where there is a hazard of an airborne hazardous substance or an oxygen deficient atmosphere in a work place, the employer shall provide a respiratory protective device that is listed in the NIOSH Certified Equipment List as of October 1, 1984, dated February 1985, published by the United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, or, where there is a hazard of an airborne hazardous substance in a work place and a person’s presence is determined by a qualified person to be necessary for medical treatment to be provided at the work place, under supervision from a health care practitioner as defined in section 166 of the Canada Labour Code, the employer may provide a respiratory protective device that is a COVID-19 medical device authorized for sale by the Minister of Health under the Interim Order No. 2 Respecting the Importation and Sale of Medical Devices for Use in Relation to COVID-19 made on March 1, 2021 and published in the Canada Gazette, Part I on March 20, 2021.
(2) A respiratory protective device referred to in subsection (1) shall be selected, fitted, cared for, used and maintained in accordance with the standards set out in CSA Standard Z94.4-M1982, Selection, Care and Use of Respirators, the English version of which is dated May 1982, as amended to September 1984 and the French version of which is dated March 1983, as amended to September 1984, excluding clauses 6.1.5, 10.3.3.1.2 and 10.3.3.4.2(c).
(3) Where air is provided for the purpose of a respiratory protective device referred to in subsection (1),
(a) the air shall meet the standards set out in clauses 5.5.2 to 5.5.11 of CSA Standard CAN3-Z180.1-M85, Compressed Breathing Air and Systems, the English version of which is dated December 1985 and the French version of which is dated November 1987; and
(b) the system that supplies air shall be constructed, tested, operated and maintained in accordance with the CSA Standard referred to in paragraph (a).
(4) Where there is a likelihood of exposure to hydrogen-sulphide gas or combustible gases at a drilling rig, drilling unit or production facility, the employer shall provide, at a readily accessible location
(a) on the drill floor, at least one self-contained positive pressure breathing device for each employee normally employed on the drill floor or an air manifold equipped with a face mask for each such employee;
(b) at least two portable hydrogen-sulphide gas detectors; and
(c) at least two portable combustible gas detectors.
(5) Where employee sleeping quarters are located adjacent to a drilling rig or on a drilling unit or production facility, at least four self-contained positive pressure breathing devices shall be located in a readily accessible location.
(6) No person who may be required to use a respiratory protective device shall have hair that interferes with the functioning of the breathing device.
- SOR/88-199, s. 19
- SOR/94-165, s. 49
- SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)
- SOR/2021-140, s. 2
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