Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations (SOR/87-612)

Regulations are current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-05-23. Previous Versions

PART XVMaterials Handling (continued)

Application

 This Part does not apply to or in respect of the use and operation of

  • (a) motor vehicles on public roads; or

  • (b) tackle used in the loading or unloading of ships.

DIVISION IDesign and Construction

Standards

  •  (1) The design and construction of drilling and production hoisting equipment shall meet the standards set out in API Standard API SPEC 8A, API Specification for Drilling and Production Hoisting Equipment, Eleventh Edition, dated May 1, 1985.

  • (2) The design and construction of offshore cranes shall meet the standards set out in API Standard API Spec 2C, API Specification for Offshore Cranes, Third Edition, dated March 1983 as amended to May 1984.

General

  •  (1) Materials handling equipment shall, so far as is reasonably practicable, be so designed and constructed that if there is a failure of any part of the materials handling equipment, it will not result in loss of control of the materials handling equipment or create a hazardous condition.

  • (2) All glass in doors, windows and other parts of materials handling equipment shall be of a type that will not shatter into sharp or dangerous pieces on impact.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 54(F)

Protection from Falling Objects

  •  (1) Where materials handling equipment is used under such circumstances that the operator may be struck by a falling object or shifting load, the employer shall equip the materials handling equipment with a protective structure of such a design, construction and strength that it will, under all foreseeable conditions, prevent the penetration of the object or load into the area occupied by the operator.

  • (2) A protective structure referred to in subsection (1) shall be

    • (a) constructed from non-combustible or fire resistant material; and

    • (b) designed to permit quick exit from the materials handling equipment in an emergency.

 Where, during the loading or unloading of materials handling equipment, the load will pass over the operator’s position, the operator shall not occupy the materials handling equipment unless it is equipped with a protective structure referred to in section 15.5.

Protection from Overturning

  •  (1) Where mobile equipment is used in circumstances where it may turn over, it shall be fitted with a rollover protection device that meets the standards set out in CSA Standard B352-M1980, Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS) for Agricultural, Construction, Eathmoving, Forestry, Industrial and Mining Machines, the English version of which is dated September 1980 and the French version of which is dated April 1991.

  • (2) Guards shall be installed on the deck of every drilling unit, production facility and elevated working area on which mobile equipment is used to prevent the equipment from falling over the sides of the deck or area.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 55

Fuel Tanks

 Where a fuel tank, compressed gas cylinder or similar container contains a hazardous substance and is mounted on materials handling equipment, it shall be

  • (a) so located or protected that under all conditions it is not hazardous to the safety or health of an employee who is required to operate or ride on the materials handling equipment; and

  • (b) connected to fuel overflow and vent pipes that are so located that fuel spills and vapours cannot

    • (i) be ignited by hot exhaust pipes or other hot or sparking parts, or

    • (ii) be hazardous to the safety or health of any employee who is required to operate or ride on the materials handling equipment.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19
  • SOR/94-165, s. 56(F)
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)

Protection from Environmental Conditions

  •  (1) Materials handling equipment that is regularly used outdoors shall be fitted with a roof or other structure that will protect the operator from exposure to any environmental condition that is likely to be hazardous to his safety or health.

  • (2) Where heat produced by materials handling equipment is capable of raising the temperature in any area occupied by an employee on the equipment to 27°C or more, the area shall be protected from the heat by an insulated barrier.

Vibration

 All materials handling equipment shall be so designed and constructed that the operator will not be injured or his control of the materials handling equipment impaired by any vibration, jolting or other uneven movement of the materials handling equipment.

Controls

 The arrangement and design of dial displays and the controls and general layout and design of the operator’s compartment or position on all materials handling equipment shall not hinder or prevent the operator from operating the materials handling equipment.

Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) Mobile equipment that is used or operated for transporting or handling combustible or flammable substances shall be equipped with a portable dry chemical fire extinguisher.

  • (2) The fire extinguisher referred to in subsection (1) shall

    • (a) have not less than a 5B rating, as defined in the ULC Standard; and

    • (b) be so located that it is readily accessible to the operator while he is in the operating position.

Means of Entering and Exiting

 All materials handling equipment shall be provided with a step, handhold or other means of entering into and exiting from the compartment or position of the operator and any other place on the equipment that an employee enters in order to service the equipment.

Lighting

 Where mobile equipment is used or operated by an employee in a work place at night or at any time when the level of lighting within the work place is less than 1 dalx, the mobile equipment shall be

  • (a) fitted on the front and rear thereof with warning lights that are visible from a distance of not less than 100 m; and

  • (b) provided with lighting that ensures the safe operation of the equipment under all conditions of use.

Control Systems

 All mobile equipment shall be fitted with braking, steering and other control systems that

  • (a) are capable of safely controlling and stopping the movement of the mobile equipment and any hoist, bucket or other part of the mobile equipment; and

  • (b) respond reliably and quickly to moderate effort on the part of the operator.

 Any mobile equipment that is normally used for transporting employees from place to place in a work place shall be equipped with

  • (a) a mechanical parking brake; and

  • (b) a hydraulic or pneumatic braking system.

Warnings

 Mobile equipment shall be fitted with a horn or similar audible warning device having a distinctive sound that can be clearly heard above the noise of the equipment and any surrounding noise.

Seat Belts

 Where mobile equipment is used under conditions where a seat belt or shoulder strap type restraining device is likely to contribute to the safety of the operator or passengers, the mobile equipment shall be fitted with such a belt or device.

Rear View Mirror

 Where mobile equipment cannot be operated safely in reverse unless it is equipped with a rear view mirror, the mobile equipment shall be so equipped.

Electric Materials Handling Equipment

 Any materials handling equipment that is electrically powered shall be so designed and constructed that the operator and all other employees are protected from electrical shock or injury by means of protective guards, screens or panels secured by bolts, screws or other equally reliable fasteners.

Automatic Materials Handling Equipment

 Where materials handling equipment that is controlled or operated by a remote or automatic system may make physical contact with an employee, it shall be prevented from doing so by the provision of an emergency stop system or barricades.

Conveyors

 The design, construction, installation, operation and maintenance of each conveyor, cableway or other similar materials handling equipment shall meet the standards set out in ASME Standard ANSI/ASME B20.1-1984, Safety Standards for Conveyors and Related Equipment, dated May 31, 1984.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 57

DIVISION IIMaintenance, Operation and Use

Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

  •  (1) Before materials handling equipment is operated for the first time in a work place, the employer shall set out in writing instructions for the inspection, testing and maintenance of that materials handling equipment.

  • (2) The instructions referred to in subsection (1) shall, subject to section 15.25, specify the nature and frequency of inspections, tests and maintenance.

  •  (1) Every inspection, test and maintenance of materials handling equipment shall be performed by a qualified person.

  • (2) The qualified person referred to in subsection (1) shall

    • (a) comply with the instructions referred to in subsection 15.23(1); and

    • (b) make and sign a report of each inspection, test or maintenance work performed by him.

  • (3) The report referred to in paragraph (2)(b) shall

    • (a) include the date of the inspection, test or maintenance performed by the qualified person;

    • (b) identify the materials handling equipment that was inspected, tested or maintained; and

    • (c) set out the safety observations of the qualified person inspecting, testing or maintaining the materials handling equipment.

  • (4) The employer shall keep at the work place at which the materials handling equipment is located a copy of

    • (a) the instructions referred to in subsection 15.23(1), for as long as the materials handling equipment is in use; and

    • (b) the report referred to in paragraph (2)(b) for one year after the report is signed.

 
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