PART IVTemporary Structures and Excavations (continued)
4.12 (1) Commercially manufactured portable ladders shall meet the standards set out in CSA Standard CAN3-Z11-M81, Portable Ladders, the English version of which is dated September 1981, as amended to March 1983, and the French version of which is dated August 1982, as amended to June 1983.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), every fixed and portable ladder shall, while being used,
(3) Every fixed or portable ladder shall be positioned in such a manner that it is not necessary for a person to use the underside of the ladder.
(4) Where a fixed or portable ladder provides access from one level to another
(5) No metal or wire-bound fixed or portable ladder shall be used where there is a hazard that it may come into contact with any live electrical circuit or equipment.
(6) No employee shall work from any of the three top rungs of any single or extension portable ladder or from either of the two top steps of any step ladder.
(7) No non-metallic fixed or portable ladder shall be coated with a material that may hide flaws.
4.13 (1) Before the commencement of work on an excavation, trench or tunnel or the creation of an opening in a bulkhead, deck or similar structure, the employer shall mark the location of all pipes, cables and conduits in the area where the work is to be done.
(2) Where an excavation, trench or opening constitutes a hazard to employees, a barricade shall be installed around it.
(3) Where an employee is required to enter an excavation or trench that is more than 1.4 m deep and the sides of which are sloped at an angle of 45° or more to the horizontal, or a tunnel,
shall be supported by shoring and bracing that is installed as the excavation, trench or tunnel is being excavated.
(4) Subsection (3) does not apply in respect of a trench where the employer provides a system of shoring composed of steel plates and bracing, welded or bolted together, that can support the walls of the trench from the ground level to the trench bottom and can be moved along as work progresses.
(5) The installation and removal of the shoring and bracing referred to in subsection (3) shall be performed or supervised by a qualified person.
(6) Tools, machinery, timber, excavated materials or other objects shall not be placed within 1 m from the edge of an excavation, trench or opening.
4.14 (1) Where there is a hazard that tools, equipment or materials may fall onto or from a temporary structure, the employer shall provide a protective structure or a safety net to protect from injury any employee on or below the temporary structure.
(2) The design, construction and installation of a safety net referred to in subsection (1) shall meet the standards set out in ANSI Standard ANSI A10.11-1979, American National Standard for Safety Nets Used During Construction, Repair and Demolition Operations, dated August 7, 1979.
4.15 Every platform, hand-rail, guardrail and work area on a temporary structure used by an employee shall, as far as is practicable, be kept free of accumulations of ice and snow while the temporary structure is in use.
4.16 The working surface of a temporary structure used by an employee shall, where practicable, be kept free of grease, oil or other slippery substance and of any material or object that may cause an employee to slip or trip.
PART VElevating Devices
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the applicable CSA standard for
(a) elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators and moving walks is CSA Standard CAN/CSA — — B44-M90, Safety Code for Elevators, the English version of which is dated May 1990 and the French version of which is dated December 1990, other than clause 9.1.4;
(b) manlifts is CSA Standard B311-M1979, Safety Code for Manlifts, the English version of which is dated October 1979 and the French version of which is dated July 1984, and Supplement No. 1-1984 to B311-M1979, the English version of which is dated June 1984 and the French version of which is dated August 1984; and
(c) elevating devices for the handicapped is CSA Standard CAN3-B355-M81, Safety Code for Elevating Devices for the Handicapped, the English version of which is dated April 1981 and the French version of which is dated December 1981.
- SOR/94-165, s. 16
Personnel Transfer Baskets
(2) Every transfer of a person by a basket shall be made only when visibility and environmental conditions are such that the transfer can be made safely.
(3) Where a person is transferred by a basket to or from a place on a ship or to or from a place on a drilling unit or an offshore production facility,
(4) Where a person is transferred by a basket to or from a drilling unit or an offshore production facility, the drilling unit or production facility shall be equipped with at least two buoyant baskets.
(5) Every basket shall be in serviceable condition and all ropes, wires or other vital parts of a basket that show signs of significant wear shall be replaced before the basket is used.
(6) The number of persons transferred in a basket shall not exceed the number of persons the basket was designed to carry safely.
(7) The raising or lowering of a basket shall, as far as is practicable, be carried out over water.
Use and Operation
5.3 No elevating device shall be used or operated
(a) with a load in excess of the load that it was designed and installed to move safely; or
(b) where the elevating device is installed on a floating drilling unit or a floating production facility, when the roll of the drilling unit or the production facility exceeds the maximum roll recommended by the manufacturer for the safe operation of the elevating device.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), no safety device attached to an elevating device shall be altered, interfered with or rendered inoperative.
(3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to an elevating device or a safety device that is being inspected, tested, repaired or maintained by a qualified person.
Inspection and Testing
5.5 Every elevating device and every safety device attached thereto shall be inspected and tested by a qualified person to determine that the prescribed standards are met
(a) before the elevating device or the safety device attached thereto is placed in service;
(b) after an alteration to the elevating device or a safety device attached thereto; and
(c) once every 12 months.
(a) be signed by the qualified person who made the inspection and test;
(b) include the date of the inspection and test and the identification and location of the elevating device and safety device that were inspected and tested; and
(c) set out the observations of the qualified person inspecting and testing the elevating device and safety device on the safety of the devices.
(2) Every record referred to in subsection (1) shall be kept by the employer for five years after the date on which it is signed.
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