Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2022-11-16 and last amended on 2022-03-06. Previous Versions

Part VI — General Operating and Flight Rules (continued)

Subpart 4 — Private Operators (continued)

Division V — Flight Operations — Passengers (continued)

Fuelling with Passengers on Board and an Engine Running
  •  (1) Despite section 602.09, a person operating an aircraft operated by a private operator may permit the fuelling of the aircraft while an engine used for the propulsion of the aircraft is running and passengers are on board or are embarking or disembarking, if

    • (a) the requirements set out in subsection 604.83(1) are met;

    • (b) the aircraft flight manual indicates that the engine that is running may be used as an auxiliary power unit; and

    • (c) the engine that is running has a propeller brake and that brake is set.

  • (2) The person who is authorized by the private operator to suspend fuelling shall direct the suspension of fuelling if a requirement of subsection (1) ceases to be met.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
Briefing of Passengers
  •  (1) Despite section 602.89, no person shall conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator unless passengers are given a safety briefing — orally by a crew member, or by audio or audiovisual means — that contains the following information:

    • (a) when and where carry-on baggage is to be stowed;

    • (b) when and how to fasten, adjust and release safety belts and, if any, shoulder harnesses;

    • (c) when seat backs are to be secured in the upright position and chair tables are to be stowed;

    • (d) the location of emergency exits and, in the case of a passenger seated next to such an exit, how that exit operates;

    • (e) the requirement to comply with the instructions given by crew members and with the “fasten safety belt” and “no smoking” signs, and the location of those signs;

    • (f) the location and operation of the passenger oxygen system, if any, including

      • (i) the actions to be performed by a passenger in order to

        • (A) obtain a mask,

        • (B) activate the flow of oxygen, and

        • (C) don and secure the mask, and

      • (ii) the recommendation that a passenger don and secure the passenger’s own mask before assisting another passenger with his or her mask;

    • (g) the use of life preservers, including how to remove them from their packaging, how to don them and when to inflate them;

    • (h) when and where smoking is prohibited;

    • (i) the location of the emergency equipment required under sections 602.62, 602.63, 604.116 and 604.117, and how to access that equipment;

    • (j) the portable electronic devices that may be used, and when they may be used; and

    • (k) the location and purpose of the safety features card.

  • (2) Despite subsection (1), a person may conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator without a safety briefing being given to the passengers if

    • (a) the flight is the second or subsequent flight in a series of flights;

    • (b) no additional passengers have embarked on board the aircraft; and

    • (c) a crew member has verified that

      • (i) carry-on baggage is stowed,

      • (ii) safety belts and, if any, shoulder harnesses are properly adjusted and securely fastened,

      • (iii) seat backs are secured in the upright position, and

      • (iv) chair tables are stowed.

  • (3) Despite subsection (1), a person may conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator without a safety briefing being given to the passengers if each passenger on board the aircraft has, within the 12 months preceding the date of the take-off, received the information referred to in subsection (1) and training in the performance of the following actions:

    • (a) fastening, adjusting and releasing safety belts and, if any, shoulder harnesses;

    • (b) operating each type of floor-level exit and window emergency exit;

    • (c) identifying the location of the passenger oxygen system, if any, and performing the actions necessary in order to

      • (i) obtain a mask,

      • (ii) activate the flow of oxygen, and

      • (iii) don and secure the mask;

    • (d) identifying the location of life preservers, if any, removing them from their packaging, donning them and inflating them; and

    • (e) identifying the location of the emergency equipment required by sections 602.62, 602.63, 604.116 and 604.117 and accessing that equipment.

  • (4) A private operator shall record the name of every passenger who receives the training referred to in subsection (3) and the date on which the training is received. The private operator shall retain the record for two years after the day on which the most recent entry was made.

  • (5) If the safety briefing referred to in subsection (1) is insufficient for a passenger because of that passenger’s physical, sensory or comprehension limitations or because the passenger is responsible for another person on board the aircraft, the passenger shall, subject to subsection (6), be given a safety briefing that consists of

    • (a) communication of the elements of the safety briefing referred to in subsection (1) that

      • (i) the passenger is not able to receive either during that briefing or by referring to the safety features card, and

      • (ii) are necessary for the safety of the persons on board the aircraft;

    • (b) communication of

      • (i) the most appropriate brace position for the passenger, given the passenger’s condition, injury or stature and the orientation and pitch of his or her seat, and

      • (ii) where the passenger’s service animal, if any, is to be located;

    • (c) in the case of a mobility-impaired passenger who would require assistance in order to move to an exit in the event of an emergency, communication of

      • (i) the most appropriate exit for the passenger,

      • (ii) the assistance that the passenger would require to reach that exit,

      • (iii) the most appropriate means of providing that assistance,

      • (iv) the most appropriate route to that exit, and

      • (v) the most appropriate time to begin to move to that exit;

    • (d) in the case of a visually impaired passenger,

      • (i) a tactile familiarization with

        • (A) the equipment that the passenger may be required to use in the event of an emergency, and

        • (B) if requested, the exits, and

      • (ii) communication of

        • (A) where the passenger’s cane, if any, is to be stored,

        • (B) the number of rows of seats separating the passenger’s seat from the closest exit and from the alternate exit, and

        • (C) the features of those exits;

    • (e) in the case of a passenger who is responsible for another person on board the aircraft, communication of

      • (i) if the passenger is responsible for an infant,

        • (A) the requirement to fasten the passenger’s safety belt and, if any, the passenger’s shoulder harness and not to secure the infant in that safety belt or shoulder harness,

        • (B) how to hold the infant during take-off and landing,

        • (C) how to use the child restraint system, if any,

        • (D) how to place and secure the oxygen mask on the infant’s face,

        • (E) the most appropriate brace position for the passenger, and

        • (F) the location of the infant’s life preserver, how to remove it from its location and its packaging, how to assist the infant with donning it and when to inflate it, and

      • (ii) if the passenger is responsible for a person, other than an infant,

        • (A) how to assist that person with donning and securing his or her oxygen mask, and

        • (B) how to use that person’s personal restraint system, if any, on board the aircraft; and

    • (f) in the case of an unaccompanied minor, communication of the need to pay close attention to the safety briefing.

  • (6) A passenger may decline the safety briefing referred to in subsection (5).

  • (7) No person shall permit passengers to disembark from an aircraft operated by a private operator unless the passengers are given a safety briefing — orally by a crew member, or by audio or audiovisual means — that contains the following information:

    • (a) the safest route for passengers to take in order to move away from the aircraft; and

    • (b) the hazards, if any, associated with the aircraft, including the location of Pitot tubes, propellers, rotors and engine intakes.

Safety Features Card
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a private operator shall, before passengers on board an aircraft are given the safety briefing referred to in subsection 604.85(1), provide each passenger at his or her seat with a safety features card that shows the aircraft type and that contains safety information only in respect of the aircraft, including

    • (a) in the case of an aircraft configured for 19 or fewer passenger seats,

      • (i) when and how to fasten, adjust and release safety belts and, if any, shoulder harnesses,

      • (ii) the passenger brace position

        • (A) for each type of seat and passenger restraint system, and

        • (B) for a passenger who is holding an infant, and

      • (iii) the location, operation and use of each emergency exit, including whether it is unusable in a ditching because of the aircraft configuration,

      • (iv) the location and operation of the passenger oxygen system, if any, including

        • (A) a description of the masks and their use,

        • (B) the actions to be performed by a passenger in order to

          • (I) obtain a mask,

          • (II) activate the flow of oxygen, and

          • (III) don and secure the mask, and

        • (C) the recommendation that a passenger don and secure the passenger’s own mask before assisting another passenger with his or her mask,

      • (v) the location of life preservers, how they are to be removed from their packaging, how they are to be donned by adults, by children aged two years or older and by infants, and when they are to be inflated,

      • (vi) when and where smoking is prohibited, and

      • (vii) the location, removal and use of flotation devices and, if any, life rafts; and

    • (b) in the case of an aircraft configured for more than 19 passenger seats,

      • (i) the information set out in subparagraphs (a)(i) to (vii),

      • (ii) when and where carry-on baggage is to be stowed,

      • (iii) the positioning of seats, securing of seat backs in the upright position and stowage of chair tables for take-off and landing,

      • (iv) the form, function, colour and location of the floor proximity emergency escape path markings, if any,

      • (v) the safest route for passengers to take in order to move away from the aircraft in the event of an emergency, and

      • (vi) the attitude of the aircraft while floating, as determined by the aircraft manufacturer.

  • (2) If a flight attendant is not required on board an aircraft, the safety features card referred to in subsection (1) shall also contain the information on the location of the emergency equipment required under sections 604.116, 604.117 and 604.119 and how to access that equipment.

[604.87 to 604.97 reserved]

Division VI — Flight Time and Flight Duty Period

[
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]
Flight Time Limits
  •  (1) No private operator shall assign flight time to a flight crew member, and no flight crew member shall accept such an assignment, if the flight crew member’s total flight time in all flights conducted under this Subpart, Part IV or Part VII would, as a result, exceed

    • (a) 1,200 hours in a period of 12 consecutive months;

    • (b) 300 hours in a period of 90 consecutive days;

    • (c) 120 hours in a period of 30 consecutive days; or

    • (d) 8 hours in a period of 24 consecutive hours, if the assignment is for a single-pilot IFR flight.

  • (2) If a flight crew’s flight duty period is extended under section 604.101, each flight crew member accumulates, for the purposes of subsection (1), the total flight time for the flight or the total flight time for the series of flights, as the case may be.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
Flight Duty Period Limits and Rest Periods
[
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]
  •  (1) Subject to sections 604.100 to 604.102, no private operator shall assign flight duty period to a flight crew member, and no flight crew member shall accept such an assignment, if the flight crew member’s flight duty period would, as a result, exceed

    • (a) 14 consecutive hours in a period of 24 consecutive hours; or

    • (b) 15 consecutive hours in a period of 24 consecutive hours, if

      • (i) the flight crew member’s total flight duty period in the previous 30 consecutive days does not exceed 70 hours, or

      • (ii) the rest period before the flight is at least 24 hours.

  • (2) A private operator shall ensure that, prior to reporting for flight duty, a flight crew member is provided with the minimum rest period and with any additional rest period required by this Division.

  • (3) A flight crew member shall use the following periods to be adequately rested prior to reporting for flight duty:

    • (a) the minimum rest period provided under subsection (2);

    • (b) any additional rest period required by this Division; and

    • (c) any period with no assigned duties provided under section 604.104.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
Split Flight Duty Period
[
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]

 Flight duty period may be extended by one half of the length of the rest period, to a maximum of four hours, if

  • (a) before a flight crew member reports for the first flight or reports as a flight crew member on standby, as the case may be, the private operator provides the flight crew member with notice of the extension of the flight duty period;

  • (b) the private operator provides the flight crew member with a rest period of at least four consecutive hours in suitable accommodation; and

  • (c) the flight crew member’s next minimum rest period is increased by an amount of time at least equal to the length of the extension of the flight duty period.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, ss. 8(F), 18
Extension of Flight Duty Period
[
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]

 If a flight crew is augmented by at least one flight crew member, if there is a balanced distribution of flight deck duty time and rest periods among the flight crew members, and if the next minimum rest period is at least equal to the length of the preceding flight duty period, the flight crew’s flight duty period may be extended

  • (a) to 17 hours with a maximum flight deck duty time of 12 hours, if a flight relief facility — seat is provided; and

  • (b) to 20 hours with a maximum flight deck duty time of 14 hours, if a flight relief facility — bunk is provided.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
 
Date modified: