Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Act current to 2014-09-01 and last amended on 2014-06-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Right to dissent
  •  (1) A holder of shares of a bank may dissent if the bank resolves to carry out a going-private transaction or squeeze-out transaction that affects those shares.

  • Marginal note:Payment for shares

    (2) In addition to any other right that the shareholder may have, but subject to subsection (25), a shareholder who complies with this section is, when the action approved by the resolution from which the shareholder dissents becomes effective, entitled to be paid by the bank the fair value of the shares in respect of which the shareholder dissents, determined as of the close of business on the day before the resolution was adopted by the shareholders.

  • Marginal note:No partial dissent

    (3) A dissenting shareholder may claim under this section only with respect to all of the shares of a class held on behalf of any one beneficial owner and registered in the name of the dissenting shareholder.

  • Marginal note:Objection

    (4) A dissenting shareholder shall send to the bank, at or before any meeting of shareholders at which a resolution referred to in subsection (2) is to be voted on by the shareholders, a written objection to the resolution unless the bank did not give notice to the shareholder of the purpose of the meeting and their right to dissent.

  • Marginal note:Notice that resolution was adopted

    (5) The bank shall within 10 days after the day on which the shareholders adopt the resolution send to each shareholder who sent an objection under subsection (4) notice that the resolution was adopted. If it is necessary for the Minister or Superintendent to approve the transaction within the meaning of subsection 973(1) before it becomes effective, the bank shall send notice within 10 days after the approval. Notice is not required to be sent to a shareholder who voted for the resolution or one who has withdrawn their objection.

  • Marginal note:Demand for payment

    (6) A dissenting shareholder shall within 20 days after receiving the notice referred to in subsection (5) — or, if they do not receive it, within 20 days after learning that the resolution was adopted by the shareholders — send to the bank a written notice containing

    • (a) their name and address;

    • (b) the number and class of shares in respect of which they dissent; and

    • (c) a demand for payment of the fair value of those shares.

  • Marginal note:Share certificates

    (7) A dissenting shareholder shall within 30 days after sending a notice under subsection (6) send the certificates representing the shares in respect of which they dissent to the bank or its transfer agent.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (8) A dissenting shareholder who fails to comply with subsection (7) has no right to make a claim under this section.

  • Marginal note:Endorsing certificate

    (9) A bank or its transfer agent shall endorse on any share certificate received in accordance with subsection (7) a notice that the holder is a dissenting shareholder under this section and shall without delay return the share certificates to the dissenting shareholder.

  • Marginal note:Suspension of rights

    (10) On sending a notice under subsection (6), a dissenting shareholder ceases to have any rights as a shareholder other than to be paid the fair value of their shares as determined under this section. However, the shareholder’s rights are reinstated as of the date the notice was sent if

    • (a) the shareholder withdraws the notice before the bank makes an offer under subsection (11);

    • (b) the bank fails to make an offer in accordance with subsection (11) and the shareholder withdraws the notice; or

    • (c) the directors revoke under section 220 the special resolution that was made in respect of the going-private transaction or squeeze-out transaction.

  • Marginal note:Offer to pay

    (11) A bank shall, no later than seven days after the later of the day on which the action approved by the resolution from which the shareholder dissents becomes effective and the day on which the bank received the notice referred to in subsection (6), send to each dissenting shareholder who sent a notice

    • (a) a written offer to pay for their shares in an amount considered by the directors of the bank to be the fair value, accompanied by a statement showing how the fair value was determined; or

    • (b) if subsection (25) applies, a notice that it is unable to lawfully pay dissenting shareholders for their shares.

  • Marginal note:Same terms

    (12) Every offer made under subsection (11) for shares of the same class or series is to be on the same terms.

  • Marginal note:Payment

    (13) Subject to subsection (25), a bank shall pay for the shares of a dissenting shareholder within 10 days after the day on which an offer made under subsection (11) is accepted, but the offer lapses if the bank does not receive an acceptance within 30 days after the day on which the offer is made.

  • Marginal note:Court may fix fair value

    (14) If a bank fails to make an offer under subsection (11) or if a dissenting shareholder fails to accept an offer, the bank may, within 50 days after the day on which the action approved by the resolution from which the shareholder dissents becomes effective or within any further period that a court may allow, apply to the court to fix a fair value for the shares of any dissenting shareholder.

  • Marginal note:Shareholder application

    (15) If a bank fails to apply to a court under subsection (14), a dissenting shareholder may apply to a court for the same purpose within a further period of 20 days or within any further period that the court may allow.

  • Marginal note:Venue

    (16) An application under subsection (14) or (15) is to be made to a court having jurisdiction where the bank’s head office is situated or, if the bank carries on business in the province in which the dissenting shareholder resides, in that province.

  • Marginal note:No security for costs

    (17) A dissenting shareholder is not required to give security for costs in an application made under subsection (14) or (15).

  • Marginal note:Parties and Superintendent

    (18) On an application to a court under subsection (14) or (15),

    • (a) all dissenting shareholders whose shares have not been purchased by the bank are to be joined as parties and are bound by the decision of the court;

    • (b) the bank shall notify each of them of the date, place and consequences of the application and their right to appear and be heard in person or by counsel; and

    • (c) the bank shall notify the Superintendent of the date and place of the application and the Superintendent may appear and be heard in person or by counsel.

  • Marginal note:Powers of court

    (19) On an application to a court under subsection (14) or (15), the court may determine whether any other person is a dissenting shareholder and is to be joined as a party and the court shall then fix a fair value for the shares of all dissenting shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Appraisers

    (20) The court may appoint one or more appraisers to assist the court to fix a fair value for the shares of the dissenting shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Final order

    (21) The final order of the court is to be rendered against the bank in favour of each dissenting shareholder for the value of the shares as fixed by the court.

  • Marginal note:Interest

    (22) The court may allow a reasonable rate of interest on the amount payable to each dissenting shareholder from the date the action approved by the resolution from which the shareholder dissents becomes effective until the date of payment.

  • Marginal note:Notice that s. (25) applies

    (23) If subsection (25) applies, the bank shall within 10 days after an order is made under subsection (21) notify each dissenting shareholder that it is unable to lawfully pay dissenting shareholders for their shares.

  • Marginal note:Effect of s. (25)

    (24) If subsection (25) applies, a dissenting shareholder may by written notice delivered to the bank within 30 days after receiving notice under subsection (23)

    • (a) withdraw their notice of dissent, in which case the bank is deemed to consent to the withdrawal and the shareholder is reinstated to their full rights as a shareholder; or

    • (b) retain their status as a claimant against the bank, to be paid as soon as the bank is able to lawfully pay them or, in a liquidation, to be ranked subordinate to the rights of the bank’s creditors but in priority to its shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (25) A bank may not make a payment to a dissenting shareholder under this section if there are reasonable grounds for believing that the bank is or the payment would cause the bank to be in contravention of a regulation referred to in subsection 485(1) or (2) or of an order made under subsection 485(3).

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 277;
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 57.