Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Act current to 2016-11-21 and last amended on 2016-06-22. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Deemed approval

 If the Minister does not send a notice under subsection 399(1) or (3) or 401(1) within the period provided for in those subsections, the Minister is deemed to have approved the transaction to which the application relates.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98.
Marginal note:Federal credit union constraints

 Subject to this Act, a federal credit union may by by-law impose, change or remove restrictions on the issue, transfer or ownership of its membership shares, or shares of any class of the shares of the federal credit union, in order to prevent a person from having a significant interest in the membership shares or shares of that class.

  • 2010, c. 12, s. 2070.
Marginal note:Constraining registration: Crown and foreign governments
  •  (1) No bank is to record in its securities register or members register a transfer or issue of any share or membership share of the bank to

    • (a) Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province or any agent or agency of Her Majesty in either of those rights; or

    • (b) the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision of a foreign country, or any agent or agency of a foreign government.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Despite subsection (1), a bank may record in its securities register or members register a transfer or issue of any share or membership share of the bank to a foreign bank, or to a foreign institution, that is controlled by the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision of a foreign country, or by any agent or agency of a foreign government, if the share or membership share that is transferred or issued is beneficially owned by the foreign bank or foreign institution or by an entity controlled by the foreign bank or foreign institution.

  • Marginal note:Certain foreign banks excluded

    (2.1) Subsection (2) does not permit a bank to record in its securities register or members register a transfer or issue of any share or membership share of the bank to a foreign bank that is a foreign bank by reason only of paragraph (f) of the definition foreign bank in section 2.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Despite subsection (1), a bank may, with the Minister’s approval, record in its securities register the issue of any share of the bank to an eligible agent.

  • Marginal note:Application made jointly

    (4) The application for the approval referred to in subsection (3) must be made jointly by the bank and the eligible agent.

  • Marginal note:Matters for consideration

    (5) The Minister, in determining whether to grant the approval referred to in subsection (3), shall take into account all matters that he or she considers relevant, including those set out in paragraphs 396(1)(a) to (h).

  • Marginal note:Consequence of revocation of approval

    (6) If an approval referred to in subsection (3) is revoked, the bank shall delete any entry in its securities register in respect of the recording of the issuance of shares to the eligible agent.

  • Marginal note:Disposition of shareholdings

    (7) If a bank or an eligible agent fails to comply with any undertaking or term or condition in relation to an approval referred to in subsection (3), or if an eligible agent ceases to be an eligible agent, the Minister may, if the Minister considers it to be in the public interest to do so, by order, direct the eligible agent or former eligible agent and any person controlled by the eligible agent or former eligible agent to dispose of any number of shares of the bank beneficially owned by the eligible agent or former eligible agent or the persons controlled by the eligible agent or former eligible agent that the Minister specifies in the order, within the time specified in the order and in the proportion, if any, as between the eligible agent or former eligible agent and the persons controlled by the eligible agent or former eligible agent that is specified in the order.

  • Marginal note:Representations

    (8) No direction shall be made under subsection (7) unless the Minister has provided each person to whom the direction relates and the bank concerned with a reasonable opportunity to make representations in respect of the subject-matter of the direction.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (9) Any person with respect to whom a direction has been made under subsection (7) may, within 30 days after the date of the direction, appeal the matter in accordance with section 977.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 2071;
  • 2012, c. 5, ss. 32, 223, c. 19, s. 333, c. 31, ss. 116, 154.
Marginal note:Suspension of voting rights held by governments
  •  (1) Despite section 148, no person shall, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights attached to any share of a bank that is beneficially owned by

    • (a) Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province or any agency of Her Majesty in either of those rights; or

    • (b) the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, or any agency thereof.

  • Marginal note:Suspension of voting rights held by governments

    (2) Despite subsection 79.2(2), a member of a federal credit union must not, in person or by delegate, vote as a member of the federal credit union if the member is, or is an entity controlled by,

    • (a) Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province or any agency of Her Majesty in either of those rights; or

    • (b) the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, or any agency thereof.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to a foreign bank, or to a foreign institution, that is controlled by the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision of a foreign country, or by any agent or agency of a foreign government, if the share referred to in subsection (1), or, in the case of a federal credit union, a membership share, is beneficially owned by the foreign bank or foreign institution or by an entity controlled by the foreign bank or foreign institution.

  • Marginal note:Exception — eligible agent

    (4) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of the exercise of voting rights attached to any share referred to in subsection 401.2(3).

  • Marginal note:Consequence of suspension of approval

    (5) If an approval referred to in subsection 401.2(3) is suspended, the eligible agent shall not exercise, in person or by proxy, any voting rights attached to any share of the bank that is beneficially owned by the eligible agent.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 2072;
  • 2012, c. 5, ss. 33, 223, c. 19, ss. 334, 348, c. 31, ss. 117, 155.

DIVISION VDirections

Marginal note:Disposition
  •  (1) If, with respect to any bank, a person contravenes section 372 or subsection 373(1), 374(1) or 375(1) or section 376.1 or 376.2, subsection 377(1) or section 377.1 or 377.2 or fails to comply with an undertaking referred to in subsection 390(2) or with any terms and conditions imposed under section 397, the Minister may, if the Minister considers it in the public interest to do so, by order, direct that person and any person controlled by that person to

    • (a) dispose of any number of shares of the bank beneficially owned by any of those persons that the Minister specifies in the order, within the time specified in the order and in the proportion, if any, as between the person and the persons controlled by that person that is specified in the order;

    • (b) dispose of any number of membership shares of the bank beneficially owned by any of those persons that the Minister specifies in the order, within the time specified in the order and in the proportion, if any, as between the person and the persons controlled by that person that is specified in the order; or

    • (c) take any other action that is necessary for any of those persons to cease controlling, within the meaning of paragraph 3(1)(a.1), the federal credit union.

  • Marginal note:Representations

    (2) No direction shall be made under subsection (1) unless the Minister has provided each person to whom the direction relates and the bank concerned with a reasonable opportunity to make representations in respect of the subject-matter of the direction.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (3) Any person with respect to whom a direction has been made under subsection (1) may, within thirty days after the date of the direction, appeal the matter in accordance with section 977.

  • (4) [Repealed, 2001, c. 9, s. 99]

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 402;
  • 1999, c. 28, s. 21;
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 99;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 2073;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 153(E).
Marginal note:Permission to become another body corporate

 If subsection 402(1) applies, the Minister may, on application by the bank, permit the bank to apply to be continued as a body corporate under any Act of Parliament referred to in subsection 39.1(1) or 39.2(1) instead of, or in addition to, issuing an order under subsection 402(1).

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 579;
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 22;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 2074.
 
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