Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (S.C. 2001, c. 27)

Act current to 2016-08-01 and last amended on 2015-07-01. Previous Versions

Status Document

Marginal note:Status document
  •  (1) A permanent resident and a protected person shall be provided with a document indicating their status.

  • Marginal note:Effect

    (2) For the purposes of this Act, unless an officer determines otherwise

    • (a) a person in possession of a status document referred to in subsection (1) is presumed to have the status indicated; and

    • (b) a person who is outside Canada and who does not present a status document indicating permanent resident status is presumed not to have permanent resident status.

  • Marginal note:Travel document

    (3) A permanent resident outside Canada who is not in possession of a status document indicating permanent resident status shall, following an examination, be issued a travel document if an officer is satisfied that

    • (a) they comply with the residency obligation under section 28;

    • (b) an officer has made the determination referred to in paragraph 28(2)(c); or

    • (c) they were physically present in Canada at least once within the 365 days before the examination and they have made an appeal under subsection 63(4) that has not been finally determined or the period for making such an appeal has not yet expired.

Refugee Travel Document

Marginal note:Designated foreign national

 For the purposes of Article 28 of the Refugee Convention, a designated foreign national whose claim for refugee protection or application for protection is accepted is lawfully staying in Canada only if they become a permanent resident or are issued a temporary resident permit under section 24.

  • 2012, c. 17, s. 16.

Regulations

Marginal note:Regulations

 The regulations may provide for any matter relating to the application of sections 27 to 31, may define, for the purposes of this Act, the terms used in those sections, and may include provisions respecting

  • (a) classes of temporary residents, such as students and workers;

  • (b) selection criteria for each class of foreign national and for their family members, and the procedures for evaluating all or some of those criteria;

  • (c) anything referred to in paragraph (b) for which a decision or recommendation may or must be made by a designated person, institution or organization;

  • (d) the conditions that must or may be imposed, varied or cancelled, individually or by class, on permanent residents and foreign nationals, including conditions respecting work or study;

  • (d.1) the conditions that must or may be imposed, individually or by class, on individuals and entities — including employers and educational institutions — in respect of permanent residents and foreign nationals, or that must or may be varied or cancelled;

  • (d.2) the power to inspect — including the power to require documents to be provided by individuals and entities, including employers and educational institutions, for inspection — for the purpose of verifying compliance with the conditions imposed under paragraphs (d) and (d.1);

  • (d.3) the consequences of a failure to comply with the conditions referred to in paragraphs (d) and (d.1);

  • (d.4) a system of administrative monetary penalties applicable to the contravention by an employer of any conditions referred to in paragraph (d.1) and the amounts of those penalties;

  • (d.5) the requirement for an employer to provide a prescribed person with prescribed information in relation to a foreign national’s authorization to work in Canada for the employer, the electronic system by which that information must be provided, the circumstances in which that information may be provided by other means and those other means;

  • (e) the residency obligation under section 28, including rules for calculating applicable days and periods; and

  • (f) the circumstances in which a document indicating status or a travel document may or must be issued, renewed or revoked.

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 32;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 705;
  • 2013, c. 16, s. 37;
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 302, c. 39, s. 309.

DIVISION 4Inadmissibility

Marginal note:Rules of interpretation

 The facts that constitute inadmissibility under sections 34 to 37 include facts arising from omissions and, unless otherwise provided, include facts for which there are reasonable grounds to believe that they have occurred, are occurring or may occur.

Marginal note:Security
  •  (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible on security grounds for

    • (a) engaging in an act of espionage that is against Canada or that is contrary to Canada’s interests;

    • (b) engaging in or instigating the subversion by force of any government;

    • (b.1) engaging in an act of subversion against a democratic government, institution or process as they are understood in Canada;

    • (c) engaging in terrorism;

    • (d) being a danger to the security of Canada;

    • (e) engaging in acts of violence that would or might endanger the lives or safety of persons in Canada; or

    • (f) being a member of an organization that there are reasonable grounds to believe engages, has engaged or will engage in acts referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (b.1) or (c).

  • (2) [Repealed, 2013, c. 16, s. 13]

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 34;
  • 2013, c. 16, s. 13.
Marginal note:Human or international rights violations
  •  (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of violating human or international rights for

    • (a) committing an act outside Canada that constitutes an offence referred to in sections 4 to 7 of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act;

    • (b) being a prescribed senior official in the service of a government that, in the opinion of the Minister, engages or has engaged in terrorism, systematic or gross human rights violations, or genocide, a war crime or a crime against humanity within the meaning of subsections 6(3) to (5) of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act; or

    • (c) being a person, other than a permanent resident, whose entry into or stay in Canada is restricted pursuant to a decision, resolution or measure of an international organization of states or association of states, of which Canada is a member, that imposes sanctions on a country against which Canada has imposed or has agreed to impose sanctions in concert with that organization or association.

  • (2) [Repealed, 2013, c. 16, s. 14]

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 35;
  • 2013, c. 16, s. 14.
Marginal note:Serious criminality
  •  (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of serious criminality for

    • (a) having been convicted in Canada of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years, or of an offence under an Act of Parliament for which a term of imprisonment of more than six months has been imposed;

    • (b) having been convicted of an offence outside Canada that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years; or

    • (c) committing an act outside Canada that is an offence in the place where it was committed and that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years.

  • Marginal note:Criminality

    (2) A foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of criminality for

    • (a) having been convicted in Canada of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by way of indictment, or of two offences under any Act of Parliament not arising out of a single occurrence;

    • (b) having been convicted outside Canada of an offence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an indictable offence under an Act of Parliament, or of two offences not arising out of a single occurrence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute offences under an Act of Parliament;

    • (c) committing an act outside Canada that is an offence in the place where it was committed and that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an indictable offence under an Act of Parliament; or

    • (d) committing, on entering Canada, an offence under an Act of Parliament prescribed by regulations.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (3) The following provisions govern subsections (1) and (2):

    • (a) an offence that may be prosecuted either summarily or by way of indictment is deemed to be an indictable offence, even if it has been prosecuted summarily;

    • (b) inadmissibility under subsections (1) and (2) may not be based on a conviction in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered and has not been revoked or ceased to have effect under the Criminal Records Act, or in respect of which there has been a final determination of an acquittal;

    • (c) the matters referred to in paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) and (2)(b) and (c) do not constitute inadmissibility in respect of a permanent resident or foreign national who, after the prescribed period, satisfies the Minister that they have been rehabilitated or who is a member of a prescribed class that is deemed to have been rehabilitated;

    • (d) a determination of whether a permanent resident has committed an act described in paragraph (1)(c) must be based on a balance of probabilities; and

    • (e) inadmissibility under subsections (1) and (2) may not be based on an offence

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 36;
  • 2008, c. 3, s. 3;
  • 2010, c. 8, s. 7;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 149.
 
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