Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

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Act current to 2019-02-28 and last amended on 2018-12-18. Previous Versions

PART VIIIOffences Against the Person and Reputation (continued)

Offences Against Conjugal Rights (continued)

Marginal note:Punishment

  •  (1) Every one who commits bigamy is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of marriage

    (2) For the purposes of this section, a certificate of marriage issued under the authority of law is evidence of the marriage or form of marriage to which it relates without proof of the signature or official character of the person by whom it purports to be signed.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 255.

Marginal note:Procuring feigned marriage

  •  (1) Every person who procures or knowingly aids in procuring a feigned marriage between himself and another person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Corroboration

    (2) No person shall be convicted of an offence under this section on the evidence of only one witness unless the evidence of that witness is corroborated in a material particular by evidence that implicates the accused.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 256;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 125, s. 21.

Marginal note:Polygamy

  •  (1) Every one who

    • (a) practises or enters into or in any manner agrees or consents to practise or enter into

      • (i) any form of polygamy, or

      • (ii) any kind of conjugal union with more than one person at the same time,

      whether or not it is by law recognized as a binding form of marriage, or

    • (b) celebrates, assists or is a party to a rite, ceremony, contract or consent that purports to sanction a relationship mentioned in subparagraph (a)(i) or (ii),

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Evidence in case of polygamy

    (2) Where an accused is charged with an offence under this section, no averment or proof of the method by which the alleged relationship was entered into, agreed to or consented to is necessary in the indictment or on the trial of the accused, nor is it necessary on the trial to prove that the persons who are alleged to have entered into the relationship had or intended to have sexual intercourse.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 257.

Marginal note:Forced marriage

 Everyone who celebrates, aids or participates in a marriage rite or ceremony knowing that one of the persons being married is marrying against their will is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • 2015, c. 29, s. 9.

Marginal note:Marriage under age of 16 years

 Everyone who celebrates, aids or participates in a marriage rite or ceremony knowing that one of the persons being married is under the age of 16 years is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • 2015, c. 29, s. 9.

Unlawful Solemnization of Marriage

Marginal note:Pretending to solemnize marriage

 Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years who

  • (a) solemnizes or pretends to solemnize a marriage without lawful authority; or

  • (b) procures a person to solemnize a marriage knowing that he is not lawfully authorized to solemnize the marriage.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 294;
  • 2018, c. 29, s. 29.

Marginal note:Marriage contrary to law

 Everyone who, being lawfully authorized to solemnize marriage, knowingly solemnizes a marriage in contravention of federal law or the laws of the province in which the marriage is solemnized is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 295;
  • 2015, c. 29, s. 10.

 [Repealed, 2018, c. 29, s. 30]

Defamatory Libel

Definition of newspaper

 In sections 303, 304 and 308, newspaper means any paper, magazine or periodical containing public news, intelligence or reports of events, or any remarks or observations thereon, printed for sale and published periodically or in parts or numbers, at intervals not exceeding thirty-one days between the publication of any two such papers, parts or numbers, and any paper, magazine or periodical printed in order to be dispersed and made public, weekly or more often, or at intervals not exceeding thirty-one days, that contains advertisements, exclusively or principally.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 261.

Marginal note:Definition

  •  (1) A defamatory libel is matter published, without lawful justification or excuse, that is likely to injure the reputation of any person by exposing him to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or that is designed to insult the person of or concerning whom it is published.

  • Marginal note:Mode of expression

    (2) A defamatory libel may be expressed directly or by insinuation or irony

    • (a) in words legibly marked on any substance; or

    • (b) by any object signifying a defamatory libel otherwise than by words.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 262.

Marginal note:Publishing

 A person publishes a libel when he

  • (a) exhibits it in public;

  • (b) causes it to be read or seen; or

  • (c) shows or delivers it, or causes it to be shown or delivered, with intent that it should be read or seen by any person other than the person whom it defames.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 299;
  • 2018, c. 29, s. 31.

Marginal note:Punishment of libel known to be false

 Every one who publishes a defamatory libel that he knows is false is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 264.

Marginal note:Punishment for defamatory libel

 Every one who publishes a defamatory libel is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 265.

Marginal note:Extortion by libel

  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who, with intent

    • (a) to extort money from any person, or

    • (b) to induce a person to confer on or procure for another person an appointment or office of profit or trust,

    publishes or threatens to publish or offers to abstain from publishing or to prevent the publication of a defamatory libel.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Every one commits an offence who, as the result of the refusal of any person to permit money to be extorted or to confer or procure an appointment or office of profit or trust, publishes or threatens to publish a defamatory libel.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (3) Every one who commits an offence under this section is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 266.

Marginal note:Proprietor of newspaper presumed responsible

  •  (1) The proprietor of a newspaper shall be deemed to publish defamatory matter that is inserted and published therein, unless he proves that the defamatory matter was inserted in the newspaper without his knowledge and without negligence on his part.

  • Marginal note:General authority to manager when negligence

    (2) Where the proprietor of a newspaper gives to a person general authority to manage or conduct the newspaper as editor or otherwise, the insertion by that person of defamatory matter in the newspaper shall, for the purposes of subsection (1), be deemed not to be negligence on the part of the proprietor unless it is proved that

    • (a) he intended the general authority to include authority to insert defamatory matter in the newspaper; or

    • (b) he continued to confer general authority after he knew that it had been exercised by the insertion of defamatory matter in the newspaper.

  • Marginal note:Selling newspapers

    (3) No person shall be deemed to publish a defamatory libel by reason only that he sells a number or part of a newspaper that contains a defamatory libel, unless he knows that the number or part contains defamatory matter or that defamatory matter is habitually contained in the newspaper.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 267.
 
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