Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2018-10-03 and last amended on 2018-10-01. Previous Versions

PART IXOffences Against Rights of Property (continued)

Forgery and Offences Resembling Forgery (continued)

Marginal note:Message in false name

 Everyone who, with intent to defraud, causes a message to be sent as if it were sent under the authority of another person, knowing that it is not sent under that authority and with intent that it should be acted on as if it were, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 371;
  • 2014, c. 31, s. 18.

Marginal note:False information

  •  (1) Everyone commits an offence who, with intent to injure or alarm a person, conveys information that they know is false, or causes such information to be conveyed by letter or any means of telecommunication.

  • Marginal note:Indecent communications

    (2) Everyone commits an offence who, with intent to alarm or annoy a person, makes an indecent communication to that person or to any other person by a means of telecommunication.

  • Marginal note:Harassing communications

    (3) Everyone commits an offence who, without lawful excuse and with intent to harass a person, repeatedly communicates, or causes repeated communications to be made, with them by a means of telecommunication.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (4) Everyone who commits an offence under this section is

    • (a) guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

    • (b) guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 372;
  • 2014, c. 31, s. 18.

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 53]

Marginal note:Drawing document without authority, etc.

 Every one who

  • (a) with intent to defraud and without lawful authority makes, executes, draws, signs, accepts or endorses a document in the name or on the account of another person by procuration or otherwise, or

  • (b) makes use of or utters a document knowing that it has been made, executed, signed, accepted or endorsed with intent to defraud and without lawful authority, in the name or on the account of another person, by procuration or otherwise,

is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 332.

Marginal note:Obtaining, etc., by instrument based on forged document

 Every one who demands, receives or obtains anything, or causes or procures anything to be delivered or paid to any person under, on or by virtue of any instrument issued under the authority of law, knowing that it is based on a forged document, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 333.

Marginal note:Counterfeiting stamp, etc.

  •  (1) Every one who

    • (a) fraudulently uses, mutilates, affixes, removes or counterfeits a stamp or part thereof,

    • (b) knowingly and without lawful excuse, the proof of which lies on him, has in his possession

      • (i) a counterfeit stamp or a stamp that has been fraudulently mutilated, or

      • (ii) anything bearing a stamp of which a part has been fraudulently erased, removed or concealed, or

    • (c) without lawful excuse, the proof of which lies on him, makes or knowingly has in his possession a die or instrument that is capable of making the impression of a stamp or part thereof,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • Marginal note:Counterfeiting mark

    (2) Every one who, without lawful authority,

    • (a) makes a mark,

    • (b) sells, or exposes for sale, or has in his possession a counterfeit mark,

    • (c) affixes a mark to anything that is required by law to be marked, branded, sealed or wrapped other than the thing to which the mark was originally affixed or was intended to be affixed, or

    • (d) affixes a counterfeit mark to anything that is required by law to be marked, branded, sealed or wrapped,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (3) In this section,

    mark

    marque

    mark means a mark, brand, seal, wrapper or design used by or on behalf of

    • (a) the government of Canada or a province,

    • (b) the government of a state other than Canada, or

    • (c) any department, board, commission or agent established by a government mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) in connection with the service or business of that government; (marque)

    stamp

    timbre

    stamp means an impressed or adhesive stamp used for the purpose of revenue by the government of Canada or a province or by the government of a state other than Canada. (timbre)

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 334.

Marginal note:Damaging documents

  •  (1) Every one who unlawfully

    • (a) destroys, defaces or injures a register, or any part of a register, of births, baptisms, marriages, deaths or burials that is required or authorized by law to be kept in Canada, or a copy or any part of a copy of such a register that is required by law to be transmitted to a registrar or other officer,

    • (b) inserts or causes to be inserted in a register or copy referred to in paragraph (a) an entry, that he knows is false, of any matter relating to a birth, baptism, marriage, death or burial, or erases any material part from that register or copy,

    • (c) destroys, damages or obliterates an election document or causes an election document to be destroyed, damaged or obliterated, or

    • (d) makes or causes to be made an erasure, alteration or interlineation in or on an election document,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Definition of election document

    (2) In this section, election document means any document or writing issued under the authority of an Act of Parliament or the legislature of a province with respect to an election held pursuant to the authority of that Act.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 335.

Marginal note:Offences in relation to registers

 Every one who

  • (a) being authorized or required by law to make or issue a certified copy of, extract from or certificate in respect of a register, record or document, knowingly makes or issues a false certified copy, extract or certificate,

  • (b) not being authorized or required by law to make or issue a certified copy of, extract from or certificate in respect of a register, record or document, fraudulently makes or issues a copy, extract or certificate that purports to be certified as authorized or required by law, or

  • (c) being authorized or required by law to make a certificate or declaration concerning any particular required for the purpose of making entries in a register, record or document, knowingly and falsely makes the certificate or declaration,

is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 336.

PART XFraudulent Transactions Relating to Contracts and Trade

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Part,

goods

marchandises

goods means anything that is the subject of trade or commerce; (marchandises)

trading stamps

bons-primes

trading stamps includes any form of cash receipt, receipt, coupon, premium ticket or other device, designed or intended to be given to the purchaser of goods by the vendor thereof or on his behalf, and to represent a discount on the price of the goods or a premium to the purchaser thereof

  • (a) that may be redeemed

    • (i) by any person other than the vendor, the person from whom the vendor purchased the goods or the manufacturer of the goods,

    • (ii) by the vendor, the person from whom the vendor purchased the goods or the manufacturer of the goods in cash or in goods that are not his property in whole or in part, or

    • (iii) by the vendor elsewhere than in the premises where the goods are purchased, or

  • (b) that does not show on its face the place where it is delivered and the merchantable value thereof, or

  • (c) that may not be redeemed on demand at any time,

but an offer, endorsed by the manufacturer on a wrapper or container in which goods are sold, of a premium or reward for the return of that wrapper or container to the manufacturer is not a trading stamp. (bons-primes)

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 337.
 
Date modified: