Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

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Act current to 2019-05-07 and last amended on 2018-12-18. Previous Versions

PART XIWilful and Forbidden Acts in Respect of Certain Property (continued)

Other Interference with Property (continued)

Marginal note:Interfering with saving of wrecked vessel

  •  (1) Every one who wilfully prevents or impedes, or who wilfully endeavours to prevent or impede,

    • (a) the saving of a vessel that is wrecked, stranded, abandoned or in distress, or

    • (b) a person who attempts to save a vessel that is wrecked, stranded, abandoned or in distress,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Interfering with saving of wreck

    (2) Every one who wilfully prevents or impedes or wilfully endeavours to prevent or impede the saving of wreck is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 394

Marginal note:Interfering with marine signal, etc.

  •  (1) Every one who makes fast a vessel or boat to a signal, buoy or other sea-mark that is used for purposes of navigation is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Every one who wilfully alters, removes or conceals a signal, buoy or other sea-mark that is used for purposes of navigation is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 395

Marginal note:Removing natural bar without permission

 Every one who wilfully and without the written permission of the Minister of Transport, the burden of proof of which lies on the accused, removes any stone, wood, earth or other material that forms a natural bar necessary to the existence of a public harbour, or that forms a natural protection to such a bar, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 396

Marginal note:Occupant injuring building

 Every one who, wilfully and to the prejudice of a mortgagee or an owner, pulls down, demolishes or removes all or any part of a dwelling-house or other building of which he is in possession or occupation, or severs from the freehold any fixture fixed therein or thereto, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 397

Marginal note:Interfering with boundary lines

 Every one who wilfully pulls down, defaces, alters or removes anything planted or set up as the boundary line or part of the boundary line of land is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 398

Marginal note:Interfering with international boundary marks, etc.

  •  (1) Every one who wilfully pulls down, defaces, alters or removes

    • (a) a boundary mark lawfully placed to mark any international, provincial, county or municipal boundary, or

    • (b) a boundary mark lawfully placed by a land surveyor to mark any limit, boundary or angle of a concession, range, lot or parcel of land,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Saving provision

    (2) A land surveyor does not commit an offence under subsection (1) where, in his operations as a land surveyor,

    • (a) he takes up, when necessary, a boundary mark mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) and carefully replaces it as it was before he took it up; or

    • (b) he takes up a boundary mark mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) in the course of surveying for a highway or other work that, when completed, will make it impossible or impracticable for that boundary mark to occupy its original position, and he establishes a permanent record of the original position sufficient to permit that position to be ascertained.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 399

Animals

 [Repealed, 2018, c. 29, s. 52]

Marginal note:Injuring or endangering other animals

  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who, wilfully and without lawful excuse,

    • (a) kills, maims, wounds, poisons or injures dogs, birds or animals that are kept for a lawful purpose; or

    • (b) places poison in such a position that it may easily be consumed by dogs, birds or animals that are kept for a lawful purpose.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every one who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

    • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

    • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term of not more than eighteen months or to both.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 445
  • 2008, c. 12, s. 1
  • 2018, c. 29, s. 53

Marginal note:Killing or injuring certain animals

  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who, wilfully and without lawful excuse, kills, maims, wounds, poisons or injures a law enforcement animal while it is aiding a law enforcement officer in carrying out that officer’s duties, a military animal while it is aiding a member of the Canadian Forces in carrying out that member’s duties or a service animal.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every one who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

    • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years and, if a law enforcement animal is killed in the commission of the offence, to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of six months; or

    • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months or to both.

  • Marginal note:Sentences to be served consecutively

    (3) A sentence imposed on a person for an offence under subsection (1) committed against a law enforcement animal shall be served consecutively to any other punishment imposed on the person for an offence arising out of the same event or series of events.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (4) The following definitions apply in this section.

    law enforcement animal

    law enforcement animal means a dog or horse that is trained to aid a law enforcement officer in carrying out that officer’s duties. (animal d’assistance policière)

    law enforcement officer

    law enforcement officer means a police officer, a police constable or any person referred to in paragraph (b), (c.1), (d), (d.1), (e) or (g) of the definition peace officer in section 2. (agent de contrôle d’application de la loi)

    military animal

    military animal means an animal that is trained to aid a member of the Canadian Forces in carrying out that member’s duties. (animal d’assistance militaire)

    service animal

    service animal means an animal that is required by a person with a disability for assistance and is certified, in writing, as having been trained by a professional service animal institution to assist a person with a disability. (animal d’assistance)

  • 2015, c. 34, s. 3

Cruelty to Animals

Marginal note:Causing unnecessary suffering

  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who

    • (a) wilfully causes or, being the owner, wilfully permits to be caused unnecessary pain, suffering or injury to an animal or a bird;

    • (b) in any manner encourages, aids or assists at the fighting or baiting of animals or birds;

    • (c) wilfully, without reasonable excuse, administers a poisonous or an injurious drug or substance to a domestic animal or bird or an animal or a bird wild by nature that is kept in captivity or, being the owner of such an animal or a bird, wilfully permits a poisonous or an injurious drug or substance to be administered to it;

    • (d) promotes, arranges, conducts, assists in, receives money for or takes part in any meeting, competition, exhibition, pastime, practice, display or event at or in the course of which captive birds are liberated by hand, trap, contrivance or any other means for the purpose of being shot when they are liberated; or

    • (e) being the owner, occupier or person in charge of any premises, permits the premises or any part thereof to be used for a purpose mentioned in paragraph (d).

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every one who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

    • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

    • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term of not more than eighteen months or to both.

  • Marginal note:Failure to exercise reasonable care as evidence

    (3) For the purposes of proceedings under paragraph (1)(a), evidence that a person failed to exercise reasonable care or supervision of an animal or a bird thereby causing it pain, suffering or injury is, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, proof that the pain, suffering or injury was caused or was permitted to be caused wilfully, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Presence at baiting as evidence

    (4) For the purpose of proceedings under paragraph (1)(b), evidence that an accused was present at the fighting or baiting of animals or birds is, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, proof that he or she encouraged, aided or assisted at the fighting or baiting.

  • 2008, c. 12, s. 1
 
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