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Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

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Act current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-06-20. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Conspiracy

  •  (1) Except where otherwise expressly provided by law, the following provisions apply in respect of conspiracy:

    • (a) every one who conspires with any one to commit murder or to cause another person to be murdered, whether in Canada or not, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to a maximum term of imprisonment for life;

    • (b) every one who conspires with any one to prosecute a person for an alleged offence, knowing that they did not commit that offence, is guilty of

      • (i) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years or an offence punishable on summary conviction, if the alleged offence is one for which, on conviction, that person would be liable to be sentenced to imprisonment for life or for a term of not more than 14 years, or

      • (ii) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or an offence punishable on summary conviction, if the alleged offence is one for which, on conviction, that person would be liable to imprisonment for less than 14 years;

    • (c) every one who conspires with any one to commit an indictable offence not provided for in paragraph (a) or (b) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to the same punishment as that to which an accused who is guilty of that offence would, on conviction, be liable; and

    • (d) every one who conspires with any one to commit an offence punishable on summary conviction is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • (2) [Repealed, 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 61]

  • Marginal note:Conspiracy to commit offences

    (3) Every one who, while in Canada, conspires with any one to do anything referred to in subsection (1) in a place outside Canada that is an offence under the laws of that place shall be deemed to have conspired to do that thing in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (4) Every one who, while in a place outside Canada, conspires with any one to do anything referred to in subsection (1) in Canada shall be deemed to have conspired in Canada to do that thing.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction

    (5) Where a person is alleged to have conspired to do anything that is an offence by virtue of subsection (3) or (4), proceedings in respect of that offence may, whether or not that person is in Canada, be commenced in any territorial division in Canada, and the accused may be tried and punished in respect of that offence in the same manner as if the offence had been committed in that territorial division.

  • Marginal note:Appearance of accused at trial

    (6) For greater certainty, the provisions of this Act relating to

    • (a) requirements that an accused appear at and be present during proceedings, and

    • (b) the exceptions to those requirements,

    apply to proceedings commenced in any territorial division pursuant to subsection (5).

  • Marginal note:If previously tried outside Canada

    (7) If a person is alleged to have conspired to do anything that is an offence by virtue of subsection (3) or (4) and that person has been tried and dealt with outside Canada in respect of the offence in such a manner that, if the person had been tried and dealt with in Canada, they would be able to plead autrefois acquit, autrefois convict, pardon or an expungement order under the Expungement of Historically Unjust Convictions Act, the person shall be deemed to have been so tried and dealt with in Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 465
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 61
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 121
  • 2018, c. 11, s. 28
  • 2019, c. 25, s. 183
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