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Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-90)

Regulations are current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2015-05-15. Previous Versions

PART 1General (continued)

Defect Information (continued)

[111 to 199 reserved]

PART 2CMVSS 213 — Child Restraint Systems

General

Marginal note:Interpretation

 In this Part, Test Method 213 means Test Method 213 — Child Restraint Systems (May 2012), published by the Department of Transport.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 22

Marginal note:Restraint of torso and crotch

 Every child restraint system must, when the anthropomorphic test device is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with subsection 4.4.2 or 4.5.2 of Test Method 213,

  • (a) restrain the upper torso by means of

    • (i) in the case of a forward-facing restraint system,

      • (A) belts passing over each shoulder, or

      • (B) a fixed or movable surface that conforms to the requirements of section 211, or

    • (ii) in the case of a rear-facing restraint system, belts passing over each shoulder;

  • (b) restrain the lower torso by means of

    • (i) a pelvic restraint making an angle of at least 45° but not more than 90° with the seating surface of the restraint system at the pelvic restraint attachment points, or

    • (ii) a fixed or movable surface that conforms to the requirements of section 211; and

  • (c) in the case of a forward-facing restraint system, restrain the crotch by means of

    • (i) a crotch belt that is connectable to the pelvic restraint or to any other device used to restrain the lower torso, or

    • (ii) a fixed or movable surface that conforms to the requirements of section 211.

Marginal note:Means of securing forward-facing child restraint system

  •  (1) Every forward-facing child restraint system must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of a vehicle seat belt together with the tether strap provided with the restraint system, without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) by means of a lower connector system together with the tether strap provided with the restraint system, without using any other means of attachment.

  • Marginal note:Rear-facing child restraint system

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), every rear-facing child restraint system must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of a vehicle seat belt, without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) by means of a lower connector system, without using any other means of attachment.

  • Marginal note:Rear-facing child restraint system with tether strap

    (3) If a rear-facing child restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, the restraint system must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of the tether strap together with a vehicle seat belt, without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) by means of the tether strap together with a lower connector system, without using any other means of attachment.

Marginal note:Belts and movable surfaces designed to restrain a child

 Every belt or movable surface that is part of a child restraint system and that is designed to restrain a child must be adjustable to snugly fit a child whose mass and height are within the ranges indicated in the statement referred to in paragraph 218(1)(d), when the child is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 220(1)(c) and the restraint system is adjusted in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 220(1)(d).

Marginal note:Audible or visible indication

 Every child restraint system must provide a clear, audible indication when each connector in a lower connector system is securely attached to the lower universal anchorage system or a clear, visual indication that each connector is securely attached to the lower universal anchorage system.

Marginal note:Flammability

 Every child restraint system must be constructed only of materials that conform to the requirements of TSD 302.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 23

Belt Buckles and Webbing

Marginal note:Conformity with TSD 209

 Every belt buckle and related piece of adjustment hardware and every tether strap attachment and related piece of adjustment hardware that are part of a child restraint system must conform to the requirements of S4.3(a)(2) and (b) of TSD 209.

Marginal note:Belt buckles

 Every belt buckle that is fitted on a belt designed to restrain a child in a child restraint system must

  • (a) under the conditions set out in section 3 of Test Method 213,

    • (i) not release when any force of less than 40 N is applied, and

    • (ii) release when a force of at least 40 N but not more than 62 N is applied;

  • (b) under the conditions set out in section 5 of Test Method 213, release when a force of not more than 71 N is applied;

  • (c) conform to the requirements of S4.3(d)(2) of TSD 209, except that the surface area of a belt buckle designed for push-button application must be at least 385 mm2;

  • (d) conform to the requirements of S4.3(g) of TSD 209; and

  • (e) not release during the dynamic tests specified in section 4 of Test Method 213.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 24

Marginal note:Webbing

 Any webbing that is designed to secure a child restraint system to a user-ready tether anchorage or to a lower universal anchorage system, or to restrain a child within the restraint system, must

  • (a) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, before being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, for resistance to light as specified in S5.1(e) of TSD 209 or for resistance to micro-organisms as specified in S5.1(f) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of

    • (i) at least 15 000 N, in the case of webbing designed to secure the restraint system to the user-ready tether anchorage or to the lower universal anchorage system, or

    • (ii) at least 11 000 N, in the case of webbing designed to restrain a child within the restraint system;

  • (b) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, after being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of at least 75% of its initial breaking strength;

  • (c) conform to the requirements respecting breaking strength set out in S4.2(e) and (f) of TSD 209; and

  • (d) if contactable by the torso when the restraint system is tested in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213, have a width of not less than 38 mm, measured as specified in S5.1(a) of TSD 209.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 16

Contactable Surfaces

Marginal note:Contactable surfaces

 Every child restraint system must provide

  • (a) for the support of the child’s back, a continuous surface that is flat or concave and has an area of not less than 54 800 mm2; and

  • (b) for the support of the sides of the child’s torso, continuous surfaces that are flat or concave and have an area of not less than 30 500 mm2 each.

Marginal note:Prohibition

 A child restraint system must not have any surface directly in front of the child, unless the surface is designed to limit the forward movement of the child.

Marginal note:Cross-sections of surface

 Every horizontal cross-section of a surface of a child restraint system that is designed to limit the forward movement of a child must be flat or concave, and every vertical longitudinal cross-section of that surface must be flat or convex with a radius of curvature of the underlying structure of not less than 50 mm.

Marginal note:Rigid structural elements

 Any rigid structural element underlying a contactable surface of a child restraint system must not have

  • (a) a protrusion, with any padding or flexible overlay material removed, of more than 9.5 mm; or

  • (b) an exposed edge with a radius of less than 6.4 mm.

Marginal note:Surface contactable by head

 Every surface of a child restraint system that is contactable by the head of an anthropomorphic test device positioned in the restraint system in accordance with subsection 4.4.2 or 4.5.2 of Test Method 213 must be covered with slow-recovery, energy-absorbing material that, when tested in accordance with section 6 of Test Method 213, has

  • (a) a resistance of not less than 4 kPa but not more than 70 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance;

  • (b) a thickness of not less than 12 mm, if the material has a resistance of not less than 12 kPa but not more than 70 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance; and

  • (c) a thickness of not less than 19 mm, if the material has a resistance of not less than 4 kPa but less than 12 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance.

 
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