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Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-90)

Regulations are current to 2022-05-02 and last amended on 2020-02-04. Previous Versions

PART 3CMVSS 213.1 — Infant Restraint Systems (continued)

Contactable Surfaces

Marginal note:Contactable surfaces

 Every infant restraint system must provide

  • (a) for the support of the infant’s back, a continuous surface that is flat or concave and has an area of not less than 54 800 mm2; and

  • (b) for the support of the sides of the infant’s torso, continuous surfaces that are flat or concave and have an area of not less than 30 500 mm2 each.

Marginal note:Rigid structural elements

 Any rigid structural element underlying a contactable surface of an infant restraint system must not have

  • (a) a protrusion, with any padding or flexible overlay material removed, of more than 9.5 mm; or

  • (b) an exposed edge with a radius of less than 6.4 mm.

Marginal note:Surface contactable by head

 Every surface of an infant restraint system that is contactable by the head of an anthropomorphic test device positioned in the restraint system in accordance with subsection 4.5.2 or 4.6.2 of Test Method 213.1 must be covered with slow-recovery, energy-absorbing material that, when tested in accordance with section 6 of Test Method 213.1, has

  • (a) a resistance of not less than 4 kPa but not more than 70 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance;

  • (b) a thickness of not less than 12 mm, if the material has a resistance of not less than 12 kPa but not more than 70 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance; and

  • (c) a thickness of not less than 19 mm, if the material has a resistance of not less than 4 kPa but less than 12 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance.

Testing

Marginal note:Inversion testing

 An infant restraint system that is subjected to an inversion test in accordance with section 7 of Test Method 213.1 must not fall out of the aircraft passenger seat belt, and the anthropomorphic test device must not fall out of the restraint system, at any time during the rotation or three-second immobilization period referred to in that section.

Marginal note:Dynamic testing

  •  (1) An infant restraint system that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213.1 must, if the adjustment position of each component of the restraint system is in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions,

    • (a) exhibit no complete separation of any load-bearing structural element, and no partial separation exposing a surface with

      • (i) a protrusion of more than 9.5 mm, or

      • (ii) a radius of less than 6.4 mm;

    • (b) remain in the same adjustment position during the test as it was in immediately before the test began, except that, if the restraint system has a means of automatically repositioning the seating surface to allow the anthropomorphic test device to move from a reclined position to a more upright position and back to a reclined position during the test, the seating surface does not have to remain in the same adjustment position during the test as it was in immediately before the test began;

    • (c) limit the resultant acceleration at the location of the accelerometer mounted in the upper thorax of the anthropomorphic test device to not more than 60 g, except for intervals of not more than 3 ms;

    • (d) limit the resultant acceleration of the centre of gravity of the head of the anthropomorphic test device during the movement of the head towards the front of the vehicle to not more than 80 g, except for intervals of not more than 3 ms, unless it is established that any resultant acceleration above 80 g is caused by another part of the anthropomorphic test device striking its head;

    • (e) retain the torso of the anthropomorphic test device within the restraint system, and not allow any portion of the target points on either side of the device’s head, located on the transverse axis passing through the centre of mass of the device’s head and perpendicular to the head’s midsagittal plane, to pass at any time, during or immediately after the test, either through the transverse orthogonal planes formed by the extension of the seat back frontal surface plane of the restraint system and by the plane that passes through the uppermost point of the restraint system, as shown in Figure 7 of Schedule 7, or through the vertical transverse plane passing through point X on the standard seat assembly, as shown in Figure 8 of Schedule 7;

    • (f) not allow the angle between the vertical and the back and head support surface, measured 240 mm above the seating surface, to be more than 70° at any time during the test;

    • (g) limit the movement of the head of the anthropomorphic test device towards the rear of the restraint system by means of a continuous seat back that is an integral part of the restraint system; and

    • (h) limit the rotation of the head of the anthropomorphic test device towards the rear of the restraint system, in its midsagittal plane, by means of a continuous seat back that is an integral part of the restraint system, so that the angle between the head and the torso is at no time during the test more than 45° as compared to the angle between the head and the torso prior to the test.

  • Marginal note:Dynamic testing — levelling device

    (2) An infant restraint system that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213.1 must conform to the requirements of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) if the restraint system is equipped with a levelling device and the adjustment position of each component of the restraint system, except the levelling device, is in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • Marginal note:Continuous seat back

    (3) The continuous seat back referred to in paragraphs (1)(g) and (h) must

    • (a) have a height of at least 500 mm;

    • (b) have a width of at least 200 mm, measured in the horizontal plane at the height specified in paragraph (a); and

    • (c) not impose any loads on the top of the head of the anthropomorphic test device during the dynamic test referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Measurement of height — paragraph (3)(a)

    (4) The height referred to in paragraph (3)(a) must be measured in a plane parallel to the surface of the seat back of the infant restraint system and orthogonal to the vertical longitudinal plane passing through the longitudinal centreline of the restraint system, from the lowest point of the restraint system’s seating surface that is contacted by the buttocks of the seated anthropomorphic test device.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (5) Despite paragraph (3)(b), if the infant restraint system provides surfaces for the support of the sides of the torso, and those surfaces extend at least 100 mm forward from the padded surface of the portion of the restraint system provided for the support of the head of the anthropomorphic test device, the restraint system may have a continuous seat back width of not less than 150 mm, measured in the horizontal plane at the height specified in paragraph (3)(a).

  • Marginal note:Restraint system with means of automatic repositioning

    (6) If an infant restraint system that has a means of automatically repositioning the seating surface is subjected, in any adjustment position, to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213.1, an opening that is exposed and larger than 6.4 mm before the test must not become smaller during the test as a result of the movement of the seating surface relative to the other parts of the restraint system.

Information

Marginal note:Information

  •  (1) Every infant restraint system must have stitched onto it, indelibly moulded into or onto it, or indelibly printed on a label affixed to it in a permanent manner, the following information:

    • (a) the name and principal place of business of the company that manufactured, imported or sold the restraint system;

    • (b) the model name and number of the restraint system;

    • (c) the date of manufacture of the restraint system, as shown in Schedule 5, with the year, month and day above the corresponding wording in both official languages;

    • (d) a statement indicating — in units based on the International System of Units followed by the corresponding imperial units in parentheses — the mass and height range of the infants for whom the manufacturer recommends the restraint system;

    • (e) a warning indicating

      • (i) that the restraint system must be used only in a forward-facing seating position equipped with a vehicle seat belt or a lower universal anchorage system,

      • (ii) that the restraint system must be in a rear-facing position when it is used for an infant,

      • (iii) that the restraint system must be secured to the vehicle as shown in the installation instructions by either of the following means and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap:

        • (A) a lower connector system, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, or

        • (B) a vehicle seat belt, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is not equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, and

      • (iv) if the restraint system is equipped with belts for restraining an infant, that the belts must be snugly adjusted around the infant; and

    • (f) an installation diagram that shows the restraint system

      • (i) installed as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a lap belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap,

      • (ii) installed as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a continuous-loop lap and shoulder belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap, and

      • (iii) installed as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, and secured to the vehicle by means of a lower connector system and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap.

  • Marginal note:Official languages and print size

    (2) The information referred to in subsection (1) must be in both official languages and in characters of at least 10 points, except for the words “year/année”, “month/mois” and “day/jour” under the date of manufacture, which may be in characters of at least 8 points.

  • Marginal note:Visibility of information

    (3) The information referred to in paragraphs (1)(d) to (f) must be fully visible at all times, even when the restraint system is occupied, whether the restraint system is installed with or without a removable base.

Marginal note:Warning — air bag

  •  (1) Every infant restraint system must bear the air bag warning label shown in Schedule 6, and the label must conform to the requirements of that schedule.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The label referred to in subsection (1) must be affixed in a permanent manner at either of the following locations and be fully visible to a person installing the restraint system:

    • (a) on the side of the restraint system that will face the right front passenger door when the restraint system is facing rearward; or

    • (b) at the location where the infant’s head would rest or adjacent to that location.

Marginal note:Installation instructions

  •  (1) Every infant restraint system must be accompanied by printed instructions, in both official languages, that set out a step-by-step procedure, including diagrams, for

    • (a) installing and securing the restraint system in a vehicle;

    • (b) installing the restraint system in an aircraft passenger seat referred to in subsection 2.1.2 of Test Method 213.1;

    • (c) positioning an infant in the restraint system; and

    • (d) adjusting every part of the restraint system that is designed to restrain the infant.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The instructions referred to in paragraph (1)(a) must state that the restraint system, even when unoccupied, must be firmly secured to the vehicle.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) The instructions must

    • (a) specify the classes of vehicles, the seating positions and the types of vehicle seat belts with which the restraint system may or may not be used;

    • (b) specify that the restraint system may be used with a lower universal anchorage system;

    • (c) if the restraint system has a means of automatically repositioning the seating surface, specify that the ability of the restraint system to change position must not be impeded;

    • (d) explain the primary consequences of not following the warnings appearing on the restraint system; and

    • (e) if the restraint system is manufactured with a removable base and the seating component of the restraint system is designed to be used in a vehicle with or without the base, specify whether the restraint system must be used with or without the base when the restraint system is installed in an aircraft passenger seat.

  • Marginal note:Storage of instructions

    (4) Every infant restraint system must have a place for the storage of instructions.

[319 to 399 reserved]

PART 4CMVSS 213.2 — Booster Seats

General

Marginal note:Interpretation

 In this Part, Test Method 213.2 means Test Method 213.2 — Booster Seats (May 2012), published by the Department of Transport.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 22

Marginal note:Means of securing booster seat

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every booster seat must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of a vehicle seat belt, without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) if the booster seat is equipped with a lower connector system and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the lower connector system, without using any other means of attachment.

  • Marginal note:Booster seat with tether strap

    (2) If the booster seat is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, the booster seat must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of the tether strap together with a vehicle seat belt, without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) if the booster seat is equipped with a lower connector system and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap together with the lower connector system, without using any other means of attachment.

  • Marginal note:Forward movement of torso

    (3) A booster seat must not have any part that limits the forward movement of the torso during frontal impact.

Marginal note:Audible or visible indication

 Every booster seat that is equipped with a lower connector system must provide a clear, audible indication when each connector in a lower connector system is securely attached to the lower universal anchorage system or a clear, visual indication that each connector is securely attached to the lower universal anchorage system.

Marginal note:Flammability

 Every booster seat must be constructed only of materials that conform to the requirements of TSD 302.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 23

Tether Strap Attachments and Webbing

Marginal note:Conformity with TSD 209

 Every tether strap attachment and related piece of adjustment hardware that is part of a booster seat must conform to the requirements of S4.3(a)(2) and (b) of TSD 209.

Marginal note:Webbing

 Any webbing that is designed to secure a booster seat to a user-ready tether anchorage or to a lower universal anchorage system must

  • (a) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, before being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, for resistance to light as specified in S5.1(e) of TSD 209 or for resistance to micro-organisms as specified in S5.1(f) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of at least 15 000 N;

  • (b) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, after being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of at least 75% of its initial breaking strength; and

  • (c) conform to the requirements respecting breaking strength set out in S4.2(e) and (f) of TSD 209.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 18
 
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