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Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-90)

Regulations are current to 2024-05-01 and last amended on 2020-02-04. Previous Versions

PART 2CMVSS 213 — Child Restraint Systems (continued)

Testing (continued)

Marginal note:Forward-facing child restraint system

  •  (1) A forward-facing child restraint system that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213 must not, when in any adjustment position for which there is no warning under subparagraph 218(1)(e)(iii),

    • (a) except in the case of a restraint system tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), allow any portion of the head of the anthropomorphic test device to pass through the vertical transverse plane — shown as the forward excursion limit in Figures 5 and 6 of Schedule 7 — that is 720 mm forward of the Z point on the standard seat assembly, measured along the SORL;

    • (b) except in the case of a restraint system tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), allow either knee pivot point to pass through the vertical transverse plane — shown as the forward excursion limit in Figures 5 and 6 of Schedule 7 — that is 915 mm forward of the Z point on the standard seat assembly, measured along the SORL; and

    • (c) allow the angle between the restraint system’s back support surface and seating surface to be less than 45° at the completion of the test.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) A forward-facing child restraint system is not required to conform to the requirements of paragraphs 215(1)(e) and (f) if the target point located on either side of the head of the heaviest of the anthropomorphic test devices used in the dynamic test — other than an anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart I, N or S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012) — and located on the transverse axis passing through the centre of mass of the device’s head and perpendicular to the head’s midsagittal plane is below a horizontal plane tangent to the top of the standard seat assembly when the anthropomorphic test device is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with subsection 4.4.2 or 4.5.2 of Test Method 213 and the restraint system is installed on the standard seat assembly in accordance with subsection 4.4.1 or 4.5.1 of Test Method 213.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 25

Marginal note:Rear-facing child restraint system

 A rear-facing child restraint system that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213 must, when in any adjustment position for which there is no warning under subparagraph 218(1)(e)(iii),

  • (a) retain the torso of the anthropomorphic test device within the restraint system, and not allow any portion of the target points on either side of the device’s head, located on the transverse axis passing through the centre of mass of the device’s head and perpendicular to the head’s midsagittal plane, to pass at any time, during or immediately after the test, either through the transverse orthogonal planes formed by the extension of the seat back frontal surface plane of the restraint system and by the plane that passes through the uppermost point of the restraint system, as shown in Figure 7 of Schedule 7, or through the vertical transverse plane passing through point X on the standard seat assembly, as shown in Figure 8 of Schedule 7; and

  • (b) not allow the angle between the vertical and the back and head support surface, measured 240 mm above the seating surface, to be more than 70° at any time during the test.

Information

Marginal note:Information

  •  (1) Every child restraint system must have stitched onto it, indelibly moulded into or onto it, or indelibly printed on a label affixed to it in a permanent manner, the following information:

    • (a) the name of the company that manufactured, imported or sold the restraint system and the address of its principal place of business;

    • (b) the model name and number of the restraint system;

    • (c) the date of manufacture of the restraint system, as shown in Schedule 5, with the year, month and day above the corresponding wording in both official languages;

    • (d) a statement indicating — in units based on the International System of Units followed by the corresponding imperial units in parentheses — the mass and height range of the children for whom the manufacturer recommends the restraint system when it is used in a forward-facing and, where applicable, a rear-facing position;

    • (e) a warning indicating

      • (i) if the restraint system can be used in a forward-facing position, that it must be secured to the vehicle as shown in the installation instructions by means of the tether strap provided with the restraint system and by either of the following means:

        • (A) a lower connector system, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, or

        • (B) a vehicle seat belt, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is not equipped with a lower universal anchorage system,

      • (ii) if the restraint system can be used in a rear-facing position, that it must be secured to the vehicle as shown in the installation instructions by either of the following means and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap:

        • (A) a lower connector system, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, or

        • (B) a vehicle seat belt, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is not equipped with a lower universal anchorage system,

      • (iii) if the restraint system is not designed to be used at certain adjustment positions, that those adjustment positions must not be used,

      • (iv) if the restraint system is equipped with belts for restraining a child, that the belts must be snugly adjusted around the child, and

      • (v) if the restraint system is equipped with a fixed or movable surface for restraining the child and also requires the use of belts to restrain the child, that the surface alone is not sufficient to restrain the child;

    • (f) if the restraint system can be used in a forward-facing position, an installation diagram that shows the restraint system

      • (i) installed in a forward-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a lap belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and by means of the tether strap,

      • (ii) installed in a forward-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a continuous-loop lap and shoulder belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and by means of the tether strap, and

      • (iii) installed in a forward-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, and secured to the vehicle by means of a lower connector system and by means of the tether strap; and

    • (g) if the restraint system can be used in a rear-facing position, an installation diagram that shows the restraint system

      • (i) installed in a rear-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a lap belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap,

      • (ii) installed in a rear-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a continuous-loop lap and shoulder belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap, and

      • (iii) installed in a rear-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, and secured to the vehicle by means of a lower connector system and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap.

  • Marginal note:Official languages and print size

    (2) The information referred to in subsection (1) must be in both official languages and in characters of at least 10 points, except for the words “year/année”, “month/mois” and “day/jour” under the date of manufacture, which may be in characters of at least 8 points.

  • Marginal note:Visibility of information

    (3) The information referred to in paragraphs (1)(d) to (g) must be fully visible at all times, even when the restraint system is occupied.

Marginal note:Warning — air bag

  •  (1) Every child restraint system that can be used in a rear-facing position must bear the air bag warning label shown in Schedule 6, and the label must conform to the requirements of that schedule.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The label referred to in subsection (1) must be affixed in a permanent manner at either of the following locations and be fully visible to a person installing the restraint system:

    • (a) on the side of the restraint system that will face the right front passenger door when the restraint system is facing rearward; or

    • (b) at the location where the child’s head would rest or adjacent to that location.

Marginal note:Installation instructions

  •  (1) Every child restraint system must be accompanied by printed instructions, in both official languages, that set out a step-by-step procedure, including diagrams, for

    • (a) installing and securing the restraint system in a vehicle;

    • (b) installing the restraint system in an aircraft passenger seat referred to in subsection 2.1.2 of Test Method 213;

    • (c) positioning a child in the restraint system; and

    • (d) adjusting every part of the restraint system that is designed to restrain the child.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The instructions referred to in paragraph (1)(a) must state that the restraint system, even when unoccupied, must be firmly secured to the vehicle.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) The instructions must

    • (a) specify the classes of vehicles, the seating positions and the types of vehicle seat belts with which the restraint system may or may not be used;

    • (b) specify that the restraint system may be used with a lower universal anchorage system; and

    • (c) explain the primary consequences of not following the warnings appearing on the restraint system.

  • Marginal note:Storage of instructions

    (4) Every child restraint system must have a place for the storage of instructions.

[221 to 299 reserved]

PART 3CMVSS 213.1 — Infant Restraint Systems

General

Marginal note:Interpretation

 In this Part, Test Method 213.1 means Test Method 213.1 — Infant Restraint Systems (May 2012), published by the Department of Transport.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 22

Marginal note:Restraint system designed to face the rear

 Every infant restraint system must be designed to face the rear of the vehicle.

Marginal note:Restraint of torso

 Every infant restraint system must, when the anthropomorphic test device is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with subsection 4.5.2 or 4.6.2 of Test Method 213.1,

  • (a) restrain the upper torso by means of belts passing over each shoulder; and

  • (b) restrain the lower torso.

Marginal note:Means of securing restraint system

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every infant restraint system must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of a vehicle seat belt in such a manner that the belt will not impose directly on the infant any loads that result from the mass of the restraint system, and without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) by means of a lower connector system, without using any other means of attachment.

  • Marginal note:Restraint system with tether strap

    (2) If an infant restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, the restraint system must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of the tether strap together with a vehicle seat belt in such a manner that the belt will not impose directly on the infant any loads that result from the mass of the restraint system, and without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) by means of the tether strap together with a lower connector system, without using any other means of attachment.

Marginal note:Restraint system with removable base

 If an infant restraint system is manufactured with a removable base and the seating component of the restraint system is designed to be used in a vehicle with or without the base, the restraint system must be equipped with a lower connector system on the base.

Marginal note:Part designed to restrain an infant

 Every part of an infant restraint system that is designed to restrain an infant must be adjustable to snugly fit an infant whose mass and height are within the ranges indicated in the statement referred to in paragraph 316(1)(d), when the infant is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 318(1)(c) and the restraint system is adjusted in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 318(1)(d).

Marginal note:Audible or visible indication

 Every infant restraint system must provide a clear, audible indication when each connector in a lower connector system is securely attached to the lower universal anchorage system or a clear, visual indication that each connector is securely attached to the lower universal anchorage system.

Marginal note:Flammability

 Every infant restraint system must be constructed only of materials that conform to the requirements of TSD 302.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 23

Belt Buckles and Webbing

Marginal note:Conformity with TSD 209

 Every belt buckle and related piece of adjustment hardware and every tether strap attachment and related piece of adjustment hardware that are part of an infant restraint system must conform to the requirements of S4.3(a)(2) and (b) of TSD 209.

Marginal note:Belt buckles

 Every belt buckle that is fitted on a belt designed to restrain an infant in an infant restraint system must

  • (a) under the conditions set out in section 3 of Test Method 213.1,

    • (i) not release when any force of less than 40 N is applied, and

    • (ii) release when a force of at least 40 N but not more than 62 N is applied;

  • (b) under the conditions set out in section 5 of Test Method 213.1, release when a force of not more than 71 N is applied;

  • (c) conform to the requirements of S4.3(d)(2) of TSD 209, except that the surface area of a belt buckle designed for push-button application must be at least 385 mm2;

  • (d) conform to the requirements of S4.3(g) of TSD 209; and

  • (e) not release during the dynamic tests specified in section 4 of Test Method 213.1.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 24

Marginal note:Webbing

 Any webbing that is designed to secure an infant restraint system to a user-ready tether anchorage or to a lower universal anchorage system, or to restrain an infant within the restraint system, must

  • (a) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, before being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, for resistance to light as specified in S5.1(e) of TSD 209 or for resistance to micro-organisms as specified in S5.1(f) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of

    • (i) at least 15 000 N in the case of webbing designed to secure the restraint system to the user-ready tether anchorage or to the lower universal anchorage system, or

    • (ii) at least 11 000 N in the case of webbing designed to restrain an infant within the restraint system;

  • (b) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, after being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of at least 75% of its initial breaking strength;

  • (c) conform to the requirements respecting breaking strength set out in S4.2(e) and (f) of TSD 209; and

  • (d) if contactable by the torso when the restraint system is tested in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213.1, have a width of not less than 38 mm, measured as specified in S5.1(a) of TSD 209.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 17
 

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