Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-90)

Regulations are current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2015-05-15. Previous Versions

PART 2CMVSS 213 — Child Restraint Systems (continued)

Testing

Marginal note:Inversion testing

 A child restraint system that is subjected to an inversion test in accordance with section 7 of Test Method 213 must not fall out of the aircraft passenger seat belt, and the anthropomorphic test device must not fall out of the restraint system, at any time during the rotation or three-second immobilisation period referred to in that section.

Marginal note:Dynamic testing

  •  (1) A child restraint system that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213 must, when in any adjustment position for which there is no warning under subparagraph 218(1)(e)(iii),

    • (a) exhibit no complete separation of any load-bearing structural element, and no partial separation exposing a surface with

      • (i) a protrusion of more than 9.5 mm, or

      • (ii) a radius of less than 6.4 mm;

    • (b) remain in the same adjustment position during the test as it was in immediately before the test began;

    • (c) except in the case of a restraint system tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), limit the resultant acceleration at the location of the accelerometer mounted in the upper thorax of the anthropomorphic test device to not more than 60 g, except for intervals of not more than 3 ms;

    • (d) except in the case of a restraint system tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), limit the resultant acceleration of the centre of gravity of the head of the anthropomorphic test device during the movement of the head towards the front of the vehicle to not more than 80 g, except for intervals of not more than 3 ms, unless it is established that any resultant acceleration above 80 g is caused by another part of the anthropomorphic test device striking its head;

    • (e) subject to subsection 216(2), limit the movement of the head of the anthropomorphic test device towards the rear of the restraint system by means of a continuous seat back that is an integral part of the restraint system; and

    • (f) subject to subsection 216(2), limit the rotation of the head of the anthropomorphic test device towards the rear of the restraint system, in its midsagittal plane, by means of a continuous seat back that is an integral part of the restraint system, so that the angle between the head and the torso is at no time during the test more than 45° as compared to the angle between the head and the torso prior to the test.

  • Marginal note:Continuous seat back

    (2) The continuous seat back referred to in paragraphs (1)(e) and (f) must have

    • (a) a height

      • (i) of at least 500 mm, in the case of a child restraint system recommended by the manufacturer for use by a child whose mass is 18 kg or less, or

      • (ii) of at least 560 mm, in the case of a child restraint system recommended by the manufacturer for use by a child whose mass is more than 18 kg; and

    • (b) a width of at least 200 mm, measured in the horizontal plane at the height specified in paragraph (a).

  • Marginal note:Measurement of height — paragraph (2)(a)

    (3) The height referred to in paragraph (2)(a) must be measured in a plane parallel to the surface of the seat back of the child restraint system and orthogonal to the vertical longitudinal plane passing through the longitudinal centreline of the restraint system, from the lowest point of the restraint system’s seating surface that is contacted by the buttocks of the seated anthropomorphic test device.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) Despite paragraph (2)(b), if the child restraint system provides surfaces for the support of the sides of the torso, and those surfaces extend at least 100 mm forward from the padded surface of the portion of the restraint system provided for the support of the head of the anthropomorphic test device, the restraint system may have a continuous seat back width of not less than 150 mm, measured in the horizontal plane at the height referred to in paragraph (2)(a).

  • Marginal note:Belt

    (5) Every belt that is part of a child restraint system and that is designed to restrain a child in the restraint system must not, when subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213, impose on the anthropomorphic test device any loads that result from the mass of the restraint system or the mass of the seat back of the standard seat assembly.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 25

Marginal note:Forward-facing child restraint system

  •  (1) A forward-facing child restraint system that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213 must not, when in any adjustment position for which there is no warning under subparagraph 218(1)(e)(iii),

    • (a) except in the case of a restraint system tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), allow any portion of the head of the anthropomorphic test device to pass through the vertical transverse plane — shown as the forward excursion limit in Figures 5 and 6 of Schedule 7 — that is 720 mm forward of the Z point on the standard seat assembly, measured along the SORL;

    • (b) except in the case of a restraint system tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), allow either knee pivot point to pass through the vertical transverse plane — shown as the forward excursion limit in Figures 5 and 6 of Schedule 7 — that is 915 mm forward of the Z point on the standard seat assembly, measured along the SORL; and

    • (c) allow the angle between the restraint system’s back support surface and seating surface to be less than 45° at the completion of the test.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) A forward-facing child restraint system is not required to conform to the requirements of paragraphs 215(1)(e) and (f) if the target point located on either side of the head of the heaviest of the anthropomorphic test devices used in the dynamic test — other than an anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart I, N or S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012) — and located on the transverse axis passing through the centre of mass of the device’s head and perpendicular to the head’s midsagittal plane is below a horizontal plane tangent to the top of the standard seat assembly when the anthropomorphic test device is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with subsection 4.4.2 or 4.5.2 of Test Method 213 and the restraint system is installed on the standard seat assembly in accordance with subsection 4.4.1 or 4.5.1 of Test Method 213.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 25

Marginal note:Rear-facing child restraint system

 A rear-facing child restraint system that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213 must, when in any adjustment position for which there is no warning under subparagraph 218(1)(e)(iii),

  • (a) retain the torso of the anthropomorphic test device within the restraint system, and not allow any portion of the target points on either side of the device’s head, located on the transverse axis passing through the centre of mass of the device’s head and perpendicular to the head’s midsagittal plane, to pass at any time, during or immediately after the test, either through the transverse orthogonal planes formed by the extension of the seat back frontal surface plane of the restraint system and by the plane that passes through the uppermost point of the restraint system, as shown in Figure 7 of Schedule 7, or through the vertical transverse plane passing through point X on the standard seat assembly, as shown in Figure 8 of Schedule 7; and

  • (b) not allow the angle between the vertical and the back and head support surface, measured 240 mm above the seating surface, to be more than 70° at any time during the test.

Information

Marginal note:Information

  •  (1) Every child restraint system must have stitched onto it, indelibly moulded into or onto it, or indelibly printed on a label affixed to it in a permanent manner, the following information:

    • (a) the name of the company that manufactured, imported or sold the restraint system and the address of its principal place of business;

    • (b) the model name and number of the restraint system;

    • (c) the date of manufacture of the restraint system, as shown in Schedule 5, with the year, month and day above the corresponding wording in both official languages;

    • (d) a statement indicating — in units based on the International System of Units followed by the corresponding imperial units in parentheses — the mass and height range of the children for whom the manufacturer recommends the restraint system when it is used in a forward-facing and, where applicable, a rear-facing position;

    • (e) a warning indicating

      • (i) if the restraint system can be used in a forward-facing position, that it must be secured to the vehicle as shown in the installation instructions by means of the tether strap provided with the restraint system and by either of the following means:

        • (A) a lower connector system, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, or

        • (B) a vehicle seat belt, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is not equipped with a lower universal anchorage system,

      • (ii) if the restraint system can be used in a rear-facing position, that it must be secured to the vehicle as shown in the installation instructions by either of the following means and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap:

        • (A) a lower connector system, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, or

        • (B) a vehicle seat belt, if the restraint system is installed in a seating position that is not equipped with a lower universal anchorage system,

      • (iii) if the restraint system is not designed to be used at certain adjustment positions, that those adjustment positions must not be used,

      • (iv) if the restraint system is equipped with belts for restraining a child, that the belts must be snugly adjusted around the child, and

      • (v) if the restraint system is equipped with a fixed or movable surface for restraining the child and also requires the use of belts to restrain the child, that the surface alone is not sufficient to restrain the child;

    • (f) if the restraint system can be used in a forward-facing position, an installation diagram that shows the restraint system

      • (i) installed in a forward-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a lap belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and by means of the tether strap,

      • (ii) installed in a forward-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a continuous-loop lap and shoulder belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and by means of the tether strap, and

      • (iii) installed in a forward-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, and secured to the vehicle by means of a lower connector system and by means of the tether strap; and

    • (g) if the restraint system can be used in a rear-facing position, an installation diagram that shows the restraint system

      • (i) installed in a rear-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a lap belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap,

      • (ii) installed in a rear-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped only with a continuous-loop lap and shoulder belt, and secured to the vehicle by means of the belt and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap, and

      • (iii) installed in a rear-facing position as recommended by the manufacturer in a seating position that is equipped with a lower universal anchorage system, and secured to the vehicle by means of a lower connector system and, if the restraint system is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap.

  • Marginal note:Official languages and print size

    (2) The information referred to in subsection (1) must be in both official languages and in characters of at least 10 points, except for the words “year/année”, “month/mois” and “day/jour” under the date of manufacture, which may be in characters of at least 8 points.

  • Marginal note:Visibility of information

    (3) The information referred to in paragraphs (1)(d) to (g) must be fully visible at all times, even when the restraint system is occupied.

 
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