Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-90)

Regulations are current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2015-05-15. Previous Versions

PART 5CMVSS 213.3 — Restraint Systems for Disabled Persons (continued)

Belts, Buckles and Webbing (continued)

Marginal note:Release mechanism of a belt

 Every release mechanism of a belt used in a restraint system for disabled persons must

  • (a) be easy to locate and to operate and be readily accessible to a person assisting the disabled person;

  • (b) be designed to minimize the possibility of accidental release; and

  • (c) not be of the hook and loop fastener type (for example, a Velcro-type fastener).

Marginal note:Conformity with TSD 209

 Every belt buckle and related piece of adjustment hardware and every tether strap attachment and related piece of adjustment hardware that are part of a restraint system for disabled persons must conform to the requirements of S4.3(a)(2) and (b) of TSD 209.

Marginal note:Belts or movable surfaces designed to restrain a person — mass-produced restraint systems

 Every belt or movable surface that is part of a mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons and that is designed to restrain a disabled person must be adjustable to snugly fit a person whose mass and height are within the ranges indicated in the statement referred to in paragraph 521(1)(d), when the person is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(b) and the restraint system is adjusted in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(c).

Marginal note:Belt buckles — mass-produced restraint systems

 Every belt buckle that is fitted on a belt designed to restrain a disabled person in a mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons must

  • (a) under the conditions set out in section 3 of Test Method 213.3,

    • (i) not release when any force of less than 40 N is applied, and

    • (ii) release when a force of at least 40 N but not more than 62 N is applied;

  • (b) under the conditions set out in section 5 of Test Method 213.3, release when a force of not more than 71 N is applied;

  • (c) conform to the requirements of S4.3(d)(2) of TSD 209, except that the surface area of a belt buckle designed for push-button application must be at least 385 mm2;

  • (d) conform to the requirements of S4.3(g) of TSD 209; and

  • (e) not release during the dynamic tests specified in section 4 of Test Method 213.3.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 24

Marginal note:Belt buckles — custom restraint systems

 Every belt buckle that is fitted on a belt designed to restrain a disabled person in a custom restraint system for a disabled person must

  • (a) under the conditions set out in section 6 of Test Method 213.3,

    • (i) not release when any force of less than 40 N is applied, and

    • (ii) release when a force of at least 40 N but not more than 71 N is applied;

  • (b) conform to the requirements of S4.3(d)(2) of TSD 209, except that the surface area of a belt buckle designed for push-button application must be at least 385 mm2; and

  • (c) conform to the requirements of S4.3(g) of TSD 209.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 24

Marginal note:Webbing

 Any webbing that is designed to secure a restraint system for disabled persons to a user-ready tether anchorage or to a lower universal anchorage system, or to restrain a disabled person within the restraint system, must

  • (a) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, before being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, for resistance to light as specified in S5.1(e) of TSD 209 or for resistance to micro-organisms as specified in S5.1(f) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of

    • (i) at least 15 000 N, in the case of webbing designed to secure the restraint system to the user-ready tether anchorage or to the lower universal anchorage system, or

    • (ii) at least 11 000 N, in the case of webbing designed to restrain a disabled person within the restraint system;

  • (b) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, after being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of at least 75% of its initial breaking strength;

  • (c) conform to the requirements respecting breaking strength set out in S4.2(e) and (f) of TSD 209;

  • (d) in the case of a custom restraint system for a disabled person, have a width of not less than 38 mm, measured as specified in S5.1(a) of TSD 209, if contactable by the torso of a disabled person when the person is positioned in the restraint system; and

  • (e) in the case of a mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons, have a width of not less than 38 mm, measured as specified in S5.1(a) of TSD 209, if contactable by the torso of a disabled person when the person is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(b) and the restraint system is adjusted in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(c).

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 20

Contactable Surfaces

Marginal note:Removable surfaces

 A surface of a restraint system for disabled persons that is placed in front of the disabled person must be removable when the restraint system is installed in a vehicle, unless the surface is designed to restrain the person.

Marginal note:Cross-sections of surface

 Every horizontal cross-section of a surface of a restraint system for disabled persons that is designed to limit the forward movement of a disabled person must be flat or concave, and every vertical longitudinal cross-section of that surface must be flat or convex with a radius of curvature of the underlying structure of not less than 50 mm.

Marginal note:Rigid structural elements

 Any rigid structural element underlying a contactable surface of a restraint system for disabled persons must not have

  • (a) a protrusion, with any padding or flexible overlay material removed, of more than 9.5 mm; or

  • (b) an exposed edge with a radius of less than 6.4 mm.

Marginal note:Surface contactable by head — custom restraint system for a disabled person

  •  (1) Every surface of a custom restraint system for a disabled person that is contactable by the head of a disabled person when the person is positioned in the restraint system must be covered with slow-recovery, energy-absorbing material that, when tested in accordance with section 7 of Test Method 213.3, has

    • (a) a resistance of not less than 4 kPa but not more than 70 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance;

    • (b) a thickness of not less than 12 mm, if the material has a resistance of not less than 12 kPa but not more than 70 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance; and

    • (c) a thickness of not less than 19 mm, if the material has a resistance of not less than 4 kPa but less than 12 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance.

  • Marginal note:Surface contactable by head — mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons

    (2) Every surface of a mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons that is contactable by the head of a disabled person when the person is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(b) and the restraint system is adjusted in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(c) must be covered with slow-recovery, energy-absorbing material that, when tested in accordance with section 7 of Test Method 213.3, has

    • (a) a resistance of not less than 4 kPa but not more than 70 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance;

    • (b) a thickness of not less than 12 mm, if the material has a resistance of not less than 12 kPa but not more than 70 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance; and

    • (c) a thickness of not less than 19 mm, if the material has a resistance of not less than 4 kPa but less than 12 kPa at 25% of compression-deflection resistance.

Testing

Marginal note:Inversion testing

 If a restraint system for disabled persons is designed to be used in an aircraft, it must, when subjected to an inversion test in accordance with section 8 of Test Method 213.3, conform to the following requirements:

  • (a) the restraint system must not fall out of the aircraft passenger seat belt at any time during the rotation or three-second immobilization period referred to in that section; and

  • (b) the anthropomorphic test device must not fall out of the restraint system at any time during the rotation or three-second immobilization period referred to in that section.

Marginal note:Dynamic testing

  •  (1) A mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213.3 must, when in any adjustment position for which there is no warning under subparagraph 521(1)(f)(ii),

    • (a) exhibit no complete separation of any load-bearing structural element, and no partial separation exposing a surface with

      • (i) a protrusion of more than 9.5 mm, or

      • (ii) a radius of less than 6.4 mm;

    • (b) remain in the same adjustment position during the test as it was in immediately before the test;

    • (c) except in the case of a restraint system tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), limit the resultant acceleration at the location of the accelerometer mounted in the upper thorax of the anthropomorphic test device to not more than 60 g, except for intervals of not more than 3 ms; and

    • (d) except in the case of a restraint system tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), limit the resultant acceleration of the centre of gravity of the head of the anthropomorphic test device during the movement of the head towards the front of the vehicle to not more than 80 g, except for intervals of not more than 3 ms, unless it is established that any resultant acceleration above 80 g is caused by another part of the anthropomorphic test device striking its head.

  • Marginal note:Dynamic testing — levelling device

    (2) A rear-facing mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213.3 must conform to the requirements of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) if the restraint system is equipped with a levelling device and

    • (a) the adjustment position of the levelling device is not in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions; and

    • (b) the other components of the restraint system are in any adjustment position for which there is no warning under subparagraph 521(1)(f)(ii).

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 25
 
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