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Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

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Act current to 2019-09-10 and last amended on 2019-06-21. Previous Versions

PART VICorporate Governance (continued)

Restrictions on Voting

Meaning of eligible votes

  •  (1) In this section, eligible votes means the total number of votes that may be cast by or on behalf of shareholders on a vote of shareholders or a vote of holders of a class or series of shares, as the case may be, in respect of any particular matter, calculated without regard to subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) At a meeting of shareholders of a bank with equity of twelve billion dollars or more, no person and no entity controlled by any person may, in respect of any vote of shareholders or holders of any class or series of shares of the bank, cast votes in respect of any shares beneficially owned by the person or the entity that are, in aggregate, more than 20 per cent of the eligible votes that may be cast in respect of that vote.

  • Marginal note:Exception — federal credit union

    (2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of a meeting of shareholders or members of a federal credit union.

  • Marginal note:Proxyholders

    (3) No person who is a proxyholder for a person or for an entity controlled by a person may cast votes to which the proxy relates that the person or entity may not cast by reason of subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) If a person is, with respect to a bank, a person referred to in subsection 375(1), subsections (2) and (3) do not apply with respect to votes cast by or on behalf of the person during any period that the person is entitled under section 375 to remain a major shareholder of the bank.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (5) Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply in respect of votes cast by or on behalf of any entity that controls the bank or any entity that is controlled by an entity that controls the bank.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of a vote held under section 218.

  • Marginal note:Validity of vote

    (7) A vote in respect of a particular matter is not invalid merely because a person voted contrary to subsection (2) or (3).

  • Marginal note:Disposition of shareholdings

    (8) If, with respect to any bank, a person contravenes subsection (2) or (3), the Minister may, by order, direct the shareholder of the shares to which the contravention relates or any person controlled by that shareholder to dispose of any number of shares of the bank beneficially owned by any of those persons that the Minister specifies in the order, within the time specified in the order and in the proportion, if any, as between the shareholder and the persons controlled by that shareholder that is specified in the order.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on voting rights

    (9) If the Minister makes an order under subsection (8), the person to whom the order relates may not, in person or by proxy, exercise any voting rights that are attached to shares of the bank beneficially owned by the person.

  • Marginal note:Subsection (9) ceases to apply

    (10) Subsection (9) ceases to apply in respect of a person when the shares to which the order relates have been disposed of.

  • Marginal note:Reliance on number in notice

    (11) For the purpose of this section, a person is entitled to rely on the number of eligible votes set out in a notice of a meeting under subsection 138(1.1).

  • Marginal note:Designation of persons

    (12) For the purpose of this section, the Minister may, with respect to a particular bank, designate two or more persons who are parties to an agreement, commitment or understanding referred to in section 9 to be a single person.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 67
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 132
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 1966
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 6

Directors and Officers

Duties

Marginal note:Duty to manage

  •  (1) Subject to this Act, the directors of a bank shall manage or supervise the management of the business and affairs of the bank.

  • Marginal note:Specific duties

    (2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the directors of a bank shall

    • (a) establish an audit committee to perform the duties referred to in subsections 194(3) and (4);

    • (b) establish a conduct review committee to perform the duties referred to in subsection 195(3);

    • (c) establish procedures to resolve conflicts of interest, including techniques for the identification of potential conflict situations and for restricting the use of confidential information;

    • (d) designate a committee of the board of directors to monitor the procedures referred to in paragraph (c);

    • (e) establish procedures to provide disclosure of information to customers of the bank that is required to be disclosed by this Act and for dealing with complaints as required by subsection 455(1);

    • (f) designate a committee of the board of directors to monitor the procedures referred to in paragraph (e) and satisfy itself that they are being adhered to by the bank; and

    • (g) establish investment and lending policies, standards and procedures in accordance with section 465.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) do not apply to the directors of a bank if

    • (a) all the voting shares of the bank are beneficially owned by a Canadian financial institution described in any of paragraphs (a) to (d) of the definition financial institution in section 2; and

    • (b) the audit committee or conduct review committee of the financial institution performs for and on behalf of the bank all the functions that would otherwise be required to be performed by the audit committee or conduct review committee of the bank under this Act.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 157
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 11
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 68(F)

Marginal note:Duty of care

  •  (1) Every director and officer of a bank in exercising any of the powers of a director or an officer and discharging any of the duties of a director or an officer shall

    • (a) act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the bank; and

    • (b) exercise the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Duty to comply

    (2) Every director, officer and employee of a bank shall comply with this Act, the regulations, the bank’s incorporating instrument and the by-laws of the bank.

  • Marginal note:No exculpation

    (3) No provision in any contract, in any resolution or in the by-laws of a bank relieves any director, officer or employee of the bank from the duty to act in accordance with this Act and the regulations or relieves a director, officer or employee from liability for a breach thereof.

Qualification and Number — Directors

Marginal note:Minimum number of directors

  •  (1) A bank shall have at least seven directors.

  • Marginal note:Residency requirement

    (2) At least one half of the directors of a bank that is a subsidiary of a foreign bank and a majority of the directors of any other bank must be, at the time of each director’s election or appointment, resident Canadians.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 159
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 69
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 12

Marginal note:Directors as members

 Not less than two thirds of the directors of a federal credit union, or any greater proportion that is provided for by the by-laws, must be members of the federal credit union or representatives of members of the federal credit union.

  • 2010, c. 12, s. 1967

Marginal note:Disqualified persons

 The following persons are disqualified from being directors of a bank:

  • (a) a person who is less than eighteen years of age;

  • (b) a person who is of unsound mind and has been so found by a court in Canada or elsewhere;

  • (c) a person who has the status of a bankrupt;

  • (d) a person who is not a natural person;

  • (e) a person who is prohibited by section 392 or 401.3 or subsection 156.09(9) from exercising voting rights attached to shares of the bank;

  • (f) a person who is an officer, director or full time employee of an entity that is prohibited by section 392 or 401.3 or subsection 156.09(9) from exercising voting rights attached to shares of the bank;

  • (f.1) a person who is an officer, director, employee or agent of — or any other person acting on behalf of — an eligible agent within the meaning of subsection 370(1);

  • (g) [Repealed, 2013, c. 40, s. 161]

  • (h) a minister of Her Majesty in right of Canada or in right of a province;

  • (i) a person who is an agent or employee of the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof; and

  • (j) if the bank is a federal credit union, a person who fails to meet any of the qualification requirements set out in its by-laws.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 160
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 15
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 12
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 70
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 1968
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 330, c. 31, s. 109
  • 2013, c. 40, s. 161
 
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