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Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2021-04-20 and last amended on 2021-03-06. Previous Versions

PART VICorporate Governance (continued)

Corporate Records (continued)

Compulsory Acquisitions (continued)

Marginal note:Fiduciary capacity of bank

 A bank that is making a take-over bid to repurchase all of the shares of a class is deemed to hold in a fiduciary capacity for the dissenting shareholders the money that it would have had to pay, and the other consideration that it would have had to transfer, to a dissenting offeree if the dissenting offeree had elected to transfer their shares in accordance with paragraph 286(b). The bank shall within 20 days after a notice is sent under subsection 285(1) deposit the money in a separate account in another deposit-taking financial institution in Canada and place any other consideration in the custody of another deposit-taking financial institution in Canada.

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 63

Marginal note:Duty of offeree bank

 Within thirty days after an offeror sends an offeror’s notice under subsection 285(1), the offeree bank shall

  • (a) if the payment or transfer required by subsection 287(1) is made, issue to the offeror a share certificate in respect of the shares that were held by the dissenting offerees;

  • (b) give to each dissenting offeree who elects to transfer shares under paragraph 286(b) and who sends the share certificates as required under paragraph 286(a) the money or other consideration to which they are entitled, disregarding fractional shares, which may be paid for in money; and

  • (c) if the payment or transfer required by subsection 287(1) is made and the money or other consideration is deposited as required by subsections 287(2) and (3) or by section 287.1, send to each dissenting offeree who has not sent share certificates as required under paragraph 286(a) a notice stating that

    • (i) their shares have been cancelled,

    • (ii) the offeree bank or its designated person holds in a fiduciary capacity for that offeree the money or other consideration to which they are entitled as payment for or in exchange for the shares, and

    • (iii) the offeree bank will, subject to sections 289 to 292, send that money or other consideration to that offeree without delay after receiving the share certificates.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 288
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 64

Marginal note:Court may fix fair value

  •  (1) If a dissenting offeree has elected to demand payment of the fair value of their shares under paragraph 286(b), the offeror may, within 20 days after it has paid the money or transferred the other consideration under subsection 287(1), apply to a court to fix the fair value of the shares of that dissenting offeree.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) If an offeror fails to apply to a court under subsection (1), a dissenting offeree may apply to a court for the same purpose within a further period of twenty days.

  • Marginal note:Venue

    (3) An application under subsection (1) or (2) shall be made to a court having jurisdiction in the place at which the head office of the bank is situated or in the province in which the dissenting offeree resides if the bank carries on business in that province.

  • Marginal note:No security for costs

    (4) A dissenting offeree is not required to give security for costs in an application made under subsection (1) or (2).

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 289
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 65

Marginal note:Parties and notice

 On an application under subsection 289(1) or (2),

  • (a) all dissenting offerees who have made elections to demand payment under paragraph 286(b) and whose shares have not been acquired by the offeror shall be joined as parties and are bound by the decision of the court; and

  • (b) the offeror shall notify each affected dissenting offeree of the date, place and consequences of the application and of the dissenting offeree’s right to appear and be heard in person or by counsel at the hearing of the application.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 290
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 66

Marginal note:Powers of court

  •  (1) On an application to a court under subsection 289(1) or (2), the court may determine whether any other person is a dissenting offeree who should be joined as a party, and the court shall then fix a fair value for the shares of all dissenting offerees.

  • Marginal note:Appraisers

    (2) A court may in its discretion appoint one or more appraisers to assist the court in fixing a fair value for the shares of a dissenting offeree.

  • Marginal note:Final order

    (3) The final order of a court shall be made against the offeror in favour of each dissenting offeree and for the amount for each dissenting offeree’s shares as fixed by the court.

  • Marginal note:Additional powers of court

    (4) In connection with proceedings under subsection 289(1) or (2), a court may make any order it thinks fit and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, may

    • (a) fix the amount of money or other consideration that is deemed to be held in a fiduciary capacity under subsection 287(2) or section 287.1;

    • (b) order that the money or other consideration is to be held in trust by a person other than the offeree bank;

    • (c) allow a reasonable rate of interest on the amount payable to each dissenting offeree from the date the dissenting offeree sends the share certificates required under section 286 until the date of payment; or

    • (d) order that any money payable to a shareholder who cannot be found is to be paid to the Minister.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 291
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 67

Marginal note:Status of dissenter

 Where no application is made to a court under subsection 289(2) within the period set out in that subsection, a dissenting offeree is deemed to have elected to transfer the dissenting offeree’s shares to the offeror on the same terms on which the offeror acquired the shares from the offerees who accepted the take-over bid.

Marginal note:Obligation to acquire shares

  •  (1) If a shareholder who holds shares of an offeree bank does not receive the notice referred to in subsection 285(1), the shareholder may require the offeror to acquire the shares

    • (a) within 90 days after the date of termination of the take-over bid; or

    • (b) if the shareholder did not receive an offer under the take-over bid, within 90 days after the later of

      • (i) the date of termination of the take-over bid, and

      • (ii) the day on which the shareholder learned of the take-over bid.

  • Marginal note:Acquisition on same terms

    (2) If the shareholder requires the offeror to acquire shares, the offeror shall acquire them on the same terms as those on which the offeror acquires shares from offerees who accept the take-over bid.

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 68

Marginal note:Payment of unclaimed money

 The Minister shall pay to the Bank of Canada any amounts paid to the Minister under subsection 291(4), and section 367 applies in respect thereof as if the amounts paid under subsection 291(4) had been paid under subsection 366(3).

Trust Indentures

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this section and sections 295 to 306,

event of default

event of default means, in relation to a trust indenture, an event specified in the trust indenture on the occurrence of which the principal, interest and other moneys payable thereunder become or may be declared to be payable before maturity, but the event is not an event of default until all the conditions set out in the trust indenture in connection with the giving of notice of the event have been satisfied or the period of time for giving the notice has elapsed; (cas de défaut)


issuer means a bank that has issued, is about to issue or is in the process of issuing subordinated indebtedness; (émetteur)


trustee means any person appointed as trustee under the terms of a trust indenture to which a bank is a party, and includes any successor trustee; (fiduciaire)

trust indenture

trust indenture means any deed, indenture or other instrument, including any supplement or amendment thereto, made by a bank under which the bank issues subordinated indebtedness and in which a person is appointed as trustee for the holders of the subordinated indebtedness issued thereunder. (acte de fiducie)

Marginal note:Application

 Sections 296 to 306 apply in respect of a trust indenture if the subordinated indebtedness issued or to be issued under the trust indenture is part of a distribution to the public.

Marginal note:Exemption

 The Superintendent may, in writing, exempt a trust indenture from the application of sections 297 to 306 if, in the Superintendent’s opinion, the trust indenture and the subordinated indebtedness are subject to a law of a province or other jurisdiction, other than Canada, that is substantially equivalent to the provisions of this Act relating to trust indentures.

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