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Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2020-10-05 and last amended on 2020-05-09. Previous Versions

PART VIIIBusiness and Powers (continued)

General Business (continued)

Special Security (continued)

Marginal note:Priority of bank’s rights

  •  (1) All the rights and powers of a bank in respect of the property mentioned in or covered by a warehouse receipt or bill of lading acquired and held by the bank, and the rights and powers of the bank in respect of the property covered by security given to the bank under section 427 that are the same as if the bank had acquired a warehouse receipt or bill of lading in which that property was described, have, subject to subsection 427(4) and subsections (3) to (6) of this section, priority over all rights subsequently acquired in, on or in respect of that property, and also over the claim of any unpaid vendor or of any person who has a security interest in that property that was unperfected at the time the bank acquired its security in the property.

  • Marginal note:Affixation to real property

    (1.1) If security is given to the bank under paragraph 427(1)(c) or (m) consisting of aquacultural equipment, under paragraph 427(1)(d) or (n) consisting of agricultural equipment, under paragraph 427(1)(k) consisting of aquacultural equipment or an aquacultural electric system, under paragraph 427(1)(l) consisting of agricultural equipment or a farm electric system or under paragraph 427(1)(p) consisting of forestry equipment, the priority referred to in subsection (1) exists even if the property is or becomes affixed to real property.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The priority referred to in subsection (1) does not extend over the claim of any unpaid vendor who had a lien on the property, or of any person who has a security interest in the property that was unperfected at the time the bank acquired its warehouse receipt, bill of lading or security, if the bank acquired it with knowledge of that unpaid vendor’s lien or that other person’s security interest.

  • Marginal note:Bank required to register against land in certain cases

    (3) Where security has been given to a bank under paragraph 427(1)(c) or (m) consisting of aquacultural equipment, under paragraph 427(1)(d) or (n) consisting of agricultural equipment, under paragraph 427(1)(k) consisting of aquacultural equipment or an aquacultural electric system, under paragraph 427(1)(l) consisting of agricultural equipment or a farm electric system or under paragraph 427(1)(p) consisting of forestry equipment that is or has become affixed to real property, the rights and powers of the bank do not have priority over any interest or right acquired in, on or in respect of the real property after that property has become affixed thereto unless, prior to

    • (a) the registration of the interest or right, or

    • (b) the registration or filing of the deed or other instrument evidencing the interest or right, or of a caution, caveat or memorial in respect thereof,

    there has been registered or filed in the proper land registry or land titles office,

    • (c) an original of the document giving the security,

    • (d) a copy of the document giving the security, certified by an officer or employee of the bank to be a true copy, or

    • (e) a caution, caveat or memorial in respect of the rights of the bank.

  • Marginal note:Procedure for registering

    (4) Every registrar or officer in charge of the proper land registry or land titles office to whom a document mentioned in paragraph (3)(c), (d) or (e) is tendered shall register or file the document according to the ordinary procedure for registering or filing within that office documents that evidence liens or charges against, or cautions, caveats or memorials in respect of claims to, or interests or rights in respect of, real property and subject to payment of the like fees, but subsection (3) and this subsection do not apply if the provincial law does not permit such registration or filing of the tendered document.

  • Marginal note:Security on fishing vessels

    (5) If security has been given to a bank under paragraph 427(1)(o) on a fishing vessel that is recorded or registered under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, the rights and powers of the bank do not have priority over any rights that are subsequently acquired in the vessel and are recorded or registered under that Act unless a copy of the document giving the security, certified by an officer of the bank to be a true copy, has been recorded or registered under that Act in respect of the vessel before the recording or registration under that Act of those rights.

  • Marginal note:Effect of registration of security

    (6) A copy of the document giving the security described in subsection (5), certified by an officer of the bank, may be recorded or registered under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 as if it were a mortgage given under that Act and, on the recording or registration of the document, the bank, in addition to and without limitation of any other rights or powers vested in or conferred on it, has all the rights and powers in respect of the vessel that it would have if the security were a mortgage recorded or registered under that Act.

  • Marginal note:Sale of goods on non-payment of debt

    (7) In the event of non-payment of any debt, liability, loan or advance, as security for the payment of which a bank has acquired and holds a warehouse receipt or bill of lading or has taken any security under section 427, the bank may sell all or any part of the property mentioned therein or covered thereby and apply the proceeds against that debt, liability, loan or advance, with interest and expenses, returning the surplus, if any, to the person by whom the security was given.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (8) The power of sale referred to in subsection (7) shall, unless the person by whom the security mentioned in that subsection was given has agreed to the sale of the property otherwise than as herein provided or unless the property is perishable and to comply with the following provisions might result in a substantial reduction in the value of the property, be exercised subject to the following provisions, namely,

    • (a) every sale of such property other than livestock shall be by public auction after

      • (i) notice of the time and place of the sale has been sent by registered mail to the recorded address of the person by whom the security was given, at least ten days prior to the sale in the case of any such property other than products of the forest, and at least thirty days prior to the sale in the case of any such property consisting of products of the forest, and

      • (ii) publication of an advertisement of the sale, at least two days prior to the sale, in at least two newspapers published in or nearest to the place where the sale is to be made stating the time and place thereof; and

    • (b) every sale of livestock shall be made by public auction not less than five days after

      • (i) publication of an advertisement of the time and place of the sale in a newspaper, published in or nearest to the place where the sale is to be made, and

      • (ii) posting of a notice in writing of the time and place of the sale, in or at the post office nearest to the place where the sale is to be made,

      and the proceeds of such a sale of livestock, after deducting all expenses incurred by the bank and all expenses of seizure and sale, shall first be applied to satisfy privileges, liens or pledges having priority over the security given to the bank and for which claims have been filed with the person making the sale, and the balance shall be applied in payment of the debt, liability, loan or advance, with interest and the surplus, if any, returned to the person by whom the security was given.

  • Marginal note:Right and title of purchaser

    (9) Any sale of property by a bank under subsections (7) and (8) vests in the purchaser all the right and title in and to the property that the person from whom security was taken under section 435 had when the security was given or that the person from whom security was taken under section 427 had when the security was given and that the person acquired thereafter.

  • Marginal note:Duty to act honestly and in good faith

    (10) In connection with any sale of property by a bank pursuant to subsections (7) and (8) or pursuant to any agreement between the bank and the person by whom the security was given, the bank shall act honestly and in good faith and shall deal with the property in a timely and appropriate manner having regard to the nature of the property and the interests of the person by whom the security was given and, in the case of a sale pursuant to an agreement, shall give the person by whom the security was given reasonable notice of the sale except where the property is perishable and to do so might result in a substantial reduction in the value of the property.

  • Marginal note:Duty to act expeditiously in respect of seized property

    (11) Subject to section 427 and this section and any agreement between the bank and the person by whom the property was given as security, where, pursuant to subsection 427(3), a bank takes possession of or seizes property given as security to the bank, the bank shall, as soon as is reasonably practical having regard to the nature of the property, sell the property or so much thereof as will enable it to satisfy the debt, liability, loan or advance, with interest and expenses, in relation to which the property was given as security.

  • Marginal note:Goods manufactured from articles pledged

    (12) Where goods, wares and merchandise are manufactured or produced from goods, wares and merchandise, or any of them, mentioned in or covered by any warehouse receipt or bill of lading acquired and held by a bank or any security given to a bank under section 427, the bank has the same rights and powers in respect of the goods, wares and merchandise so manufactured or produced, as well during the process of manufacture or production as after the completion thereof, and for the same purposes and on the same conditions as it had with respect to the original goods, wares and merchandise.

  • Marginal note:Subrogation of security

    (13) Where payment or satisfaction of any debt, liability, loan or advance in respect of which a bank has taken security under section 426, 427 or 435 is guaranteed by a third person and the debt, liability, loan or advance is paid or satisfied by the guarantor, the guarantor is subrogated in and to all of the powers, rights and authority of the bank under the security that the bank holds in respect thereof under sections 426, 427 and 435 and this section.

  • Marginal note:Bank may assign its rights

    (14) A bank may assign to any person all or any of its rights and powers in respect of any property on which security has been given to it under paragraph 427(1)(i), (j), (k), (l), (m), (n), (o) or (p), whereupon that person has all or any of the assigned rights and powers of the bank under that security.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 428
  • 2001, c. 26, s. 275
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 38
 
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