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Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-02-26. Previous Versions

PART XVIISanctions (continued)

Marginal note:Making false statements

  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an offence who wilfully makes a false statement

    • (a) in a warehouse receipt or bill of lading given to a bank or authorized foreign bank under the authority of this Act; or

    • (b) in a document giving or purporting to give security on property to a bank under section 426 or 427 or to an authorized foreign bank under either of those sections as incorporated by section 555.

  • Marginal note:Wilfully disposing of or withholding goods covered by security

    (2) Every person is guilty of an offence who, having possession or control of property mentioned in or covered by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading or any security given to a bank under section 426 or 427 or to an authorized foreign bank under either of those sections as incorporated by section 555, and having knowledge of the receipt, bill of lading or security, without the consent of the bank or authorized foreign bank in writing before the loan, advance, debt or liability secured by it has been fully paid

    • (a) wilfully alienates or parts with any of the property; or

    • (b) wilfully withholds from the bank or authorized foreign bank possession of any of the property if demand for its possession is made by the bank or authorized foreign bank after failure to pay the loan, advance, debt or liability.

  • Marginal note:Non-compliance with requirements for sale

    (3) If a debt or liability to a bank or authorized foreign bank is secured by a warehouse receipt or bill of lading or security on property given to a bank under section 426 or 427 or to an authorized foreign bank under either of those sections as incorporated by section 555 and is not paid, the bank or authorized foreign bank is guilty of an offence if it sells the property covered by the warehouse receipt, bill of lading or security under the power of sale conferred on it by this Act without complying with the provisions of this Act applicable to the exercise of the power of sale.

  • Marginal note:Acquisition of warehouse receipts, bills of lading, etc.

    (4) Every bank or authorized foreign bank that acquires or holds a warehouse receipt or bill of lading or a document signed and delivered to it giving or purporting to give to the bank security on property under section 426 or 427, or to give the authorized foreign bank security or property under either of those sections as incorporated by section 555, to secure the payment of any debt, liability, loan or advance, is guilty of an offence unless

    • (a) the debt, liability, loan or advance is contracted or made at the time of the acquisition by the bank or authorized foreign bank of the warehouse receipt, bill of lading or document;

    • (b) the debt, liability, loan or advance was contracted or made on the written promise or agreement that the warehouse receipt, bill of lading or security would be given to the bank or authorized foreign bank; or

    • (c) the acquisition or holding by the bank or authorized foreign bank of the warehouse receipt, bill of lading or security is otherwise authorized by an Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (5) For the purposes of this section, the expressions warehouse receipt and bill of lading have the meaning assigned to those expressions by section 425.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Punishment

  •  (1) Every person who is guilty of an offence under any of sections 980 to 984 is

    • (a) in the case of a natural person, liable

      • (i) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $100,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than twelve months, or to both, or

      • (ii) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both; and

    • (b) in the case of an entity, liable

      • (i) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $500,000, or

      • (ii) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $5,000,000.

  • Marginal note:Order to comply

    (2) If a person has been convicted of an offence under this Act, the court may, in addition to any punishment it may otherwise impose, order the person to comply with the provisions of this Act or the regulations in respect of which the person was convicted.

  • Marginal note:Additional fine

    (3) If a person has been convicted of an offence under this Act, the court may, if it is satisfied that as a result of the commission of the offence the convicted person acquired any monetary benefits or that monetary benefits accrued to the convicted person or their spouse, common-law partner or other dependant, order the convicted person to pay, despite the maximum amount of any fine that may otherwise be imposed under this Act, an additional fine in an amount equal to three times the court’s estimation of the amount of those monetary benefits.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 136

Marginal note:Liability of officers, directors, etc.

 If an entity commits an offence under this Act, any officer, director, agent or principal officer of the entity who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and liable on summary conviction or on conviction on indictment to the punishment provided under paragraph 985(1)(a) for the offence, whether or not the entity has been prosecuted or convicted.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Limitation period

  •  (1) Proceedings by way of summary conviction in respect of an offence under a provision of this Act may be commenced at any time within, but not later than, two years after the day on which the subject-matter of the proceedings became known, in the case of an offence under a consumer provision, to the Commissioner and, in any other case, to the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of Superintendent or Commissioner

    (2) A document appearing to have been issued by the Superintendent or the Commissioner, as the case may be, certifying the day on which the subject-matter of any proceedings became known to the Superintendent or the Commissioner is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it and is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, proof of the matter asserted in it.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Effect of offence on contracts

 Unless otherwise expressly provided in this Act, a contravention of any provision of this Act or the regulations does not invalidate any contract entered into in contravention of the provision.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Compliance or restraining order — bank

  •  (1) If a bank or a bank holding company or any director, officer, employee or agent of one does not comply with any provision of this Act or the regulations other than a consumer provision, or of the incorporating instrument or any by-law of the bank or bank holding company, the Superintendent, any complainant or any creditor of the bank or bank holding company may, in addition to any other right that that person has, apply to a court for an order directing the bank, bank holding company, director, officer, employee or agent to comply with — or restraining the bank, bank holding company, director, officer, employee or agent from acting in breach of — the provision and, on the application, the court may so order and make any further order it thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Compliance or restraining order — authorized foreign bank

    (2) If an authorized foreign bank or any of its directors, officers, employees or agents does not comply with any provision of this Act or the regulations other than a consumer provision, or of an order made under subsection 524(1), 528(1) or (1.1) or 534(1) in respect of the authorized foreign bank, the Superintendent, any complainant or any creditor of the authorized foreign bank may, in addition to any other right that that person has, apply to a court for an order directing the authorized foreign bank, director, officer, employee or agent to comply with — or restraining the authorized foreign bank, director, officer, employee or agent from acting in breach of — the provision and, on the application, the court may so order and make any further order that it thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Compliance or restraining order — consumer provisions

    (3) If a bank or an authorized foreign bank or any director, officer, employee or agent of one does not comply with any applicable consumer provision, the Commissioner or any complainant may, in addition to any other right that that person has, apply to a court for an order directing the bank, authorized foreign bank, director, officer, employee or agent to comply with — or restraining the bank, authorized foreign bank, director, officer, employee or agent from acting in breach of — the consumer provision and, on the application, the court may so order and make any further order it thinks fit.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 130

Marginal note:Production of information and documents

 The Superintendent may direct an entity to provide him or her with the information or documents that he or she specifies if he or she is of the opinion that their production is necessary in order to be satisfied that the entity is meeting the requirements of subsection 983(4.3).

  • 2018, c. 12, s. 353

Marginal note:Superintendent’s directions

  •  (1) If, in the opinion of the Superintendent, a person is acting in a manner that is prohibited by section 983, the Superintendent may direct the person to

    • (a) cease or refrain from acting in that manner; and

    • (b) perform the acts that in the opinion of the Superintendent are necessary to remedy the situation.

  • Marginal note:Opportunity for representations

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), no direction is to be issued to a person under subsection (1) unless the person is provided with a reasonable opportunity to make representations in respect of the matter.

  • Marginal note:Temporary direction

    (3) If, in the opinion of the Superintendent, the length of time required for representations to be made might be prejudicial to the public interest, the Superintendent may make a temporary direction with respect to the matters referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) having effect for a period of not more than 15 days.

  • Marginal note:Continued effect

    (4) A temporary direction under subsection (3) continues to have effect after the expiration of the 15-day period referred to in that subsection if no representations are made within that period or, if representations have been made, the Superintendent notifies the person that the Superintendent is not satisfied that there are sufficient grounds for revoking the direction.

  • 2018, c. 12, s. 353

Marginal note:Court enforcement

  •  (1) If a person contravenes a direction made under subsection 989.2(1) or (3), the Superintendent may, in addition to any other action that may be taken under this Act or the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Act, apply to a court for an order requiring the person to comply with the direction, and on such application the court may so order and make any other order it thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (2) An appeal from an order of a court under subsection (1) lies in the same manner, and to the same court, as an appeal from any other order of the court.

  • 2018, c. 12, s. 353

Marginal note:Appeal of final order

  •  (1) An appeal lies to the court of appeal of a province from any final order made by a court of that province under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Appeal with leave

    (2) An appeal lies to the court of appeal of a province from any order, other than a final order made by a court of that province, only with leave of the court of appeal in accordance with the rules applicable to that court.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 137

Marginal note:Recovery and application of fines

 All fines payable under this Act are recoverable and enforceable, with costs, at the suit of Her Majesty in right of Canada, instituted by the Attorney General of Canada, and, when recovered, belong to Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

PART XVIIIDocuments in Electronic or Other Form

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

electronic document

electronic document means, except in section 1001, any form of representation of information or concepts that is fixed in any medium in or by electronic, optical or other similar means and that can be read or perceived by a person or by any means. (document électronique)

information system

information system means a system used to generate, send, receive, store or otherwise process an electronic document. (système de traitement de l’information)

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 138

Marginal note:Application

 This Part other than sections 1004 and 1005 does not apply in respect of any notice, document or other information that under this Act or the regulations is sent to or issued by the Minister, the Superintendent, the Commissioner or the Bank of Canada or any prescribed notice, document or information.

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 138

Marginal note:Use not mandatory

 Nothing in this Act or the regulations requires a person to create or provide an electronic document.

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 138

Marginal note:Consent and other requirements

  •  (1) Despite anything in this Part, a requirement under this Act or the regulations to provide a notice, document or other information is not satisfied by providing an electronic document unless

    • (a) the addressee consents and designates an information system for the receipt of the electronic document;

    • (b) the electronic document is, unless otherwise prescribed, provided to the designated information system; and

    • (c) the prescribed requirements are complied with.

  • Marginal note:Consent and notice in electronic form

    (1.1) Despite subsection (1), the requirements referred to in paragraph (1)(c) may provide that the consent referred to in paragraph (1)(a) and any notice related to that consent may be provided in electronic form.

  • Marginal note:Regulations — revocation of consent

    (2) The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting the revocation of the consent referred to in paragraph (1)(a).

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 138
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 153

Marginal note:Creation or provision of information

 A requirement under this Act or the regulations to create or provide a notice, document or other information is satisfied by creating or providing an electronic document if

  • (a) the incorporating instrument or by-laws of the bank, bank holding company or authorized foreign bank, as the case may be, do not provide otherwise; and

  • (b) the prescribed requirements are complied with.

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 138

Marginal note:Creation of information in writing

 A requirement under this Act or the regulations to create a notice, document or other information in writing is satisfied by creating an electronic document if in addition to the conditions set out in section 996

  • (a) the information in the electronic document is accessible so as to be usable for subsequent reference; and

  • (b) the prescribed requirements are complied with.

  • 2005, c. 54, s. 138
 
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