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Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2021-11-17 and last amended on 2021-06-30. Previous Versions

PART XVBank Holding Companies (continued)

DIVISION 6Corporate Governance (continued)

Financial Statements and Auditor (continued)

Auditors

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this section and sections 846 to 864.

firm of accountants

firm of accountants means a partnership, the members of which are accountants engaged in the practice of accounting, or a body corporate that is incorporated by or under an Act of the legislature of a province and engaged in the practice of accounting. (cabinet de comptables)

member

member, in relation to a firm of accountants, means

  • (a) an accountant who is a partner in a partnership, the members of which are accountants engaged in the practice of accounting; or

  • (b) an accountant who is an employee of a firm of accountants. (membre)

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Appointment of auditor

  •  (1) The shareholders of a bank holding company shall, by ordinary resolution at the first meeting of shareholders and at each succeeding annual meeting, appoint a firm of accountants to be the auditor of the bank holding company until the close of the next annual meeting.

  • Marginal note:Remuneration of auditor

    (2) The remuneration of the auditor may be fixed by ordinary resolution of the shareholders but, if not so fixed, shall be fixed by the directors.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Qualification of auditor

  •  (1) A firm of accountants is qualified to be an auditor of a bank holding company if

    • (a) two or more members thereof are accountants who

      • (i) are members in good standing of an institute or association of accountants incorporated by or under an Act of the legislature of a province,

      • (ii) each have at least five years experience at a senior level in performing audits of a financial institution,

      • (iii) are ordinarily resident in Canada, and

      • (iv) are independent of the bank holding company; and

    • (b) the member of the firm jointly designated by the firm and the bank holding company to conduct the audit of the bank holding company on behalf of the firm is qualified in accordance with paragraph (a).

  • Marginal note:Independence

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1),

    • (a) independence is a question of fact; and

    • (b) a member of a firm of accountants is deemed not to be independent of a bank holding company if that member, a business partner of that member or the firm of accountants

      • (i) is a business partner, director, officer or employee of the bank holding company or of any affiliate of the bank holding company or is a business partner of any director, officer or employee of the bank holding company or of any affiliate of the bank holding company,

      • (ii) beneficially owns or controls, directly or indirectly, a material interest in the shares of the bank holding company or of any affiliate of the bank holding company, or

      • (iii) has been a liquidator, trustee in bankruptcy, receiver or receiver and manager of any affiliate of the bank holding company within the two years immediately preceding the firm’s proposed appointment as auditor of the bank holding company, other than an affiliate that is a subsidiary of the bank holding company acquired pursuant to section 934 or through a realization of security pursuant to section 935.

  • Marginal note:Business partners

    (2.1) For the purposes of subsection (2), a business partner of a member of a firm of accountants includes

    • (a) another member of the firm; and

    • (b) a shareholder of the firm or of a business partner of the member.

  • Marginal note:Notice of designation

    (3) Within fifteen days after appointing a firm of accountants as auditor of a bank holding company, the bank holding company and the firm of accountants shall jointly designate a member of the firm who has the qualifications described in subsection (1) to conduct the audit of the bank holding company on behalf of the firm and the bank holding company shall forthwith notify the Superintendent in writing of the designation.

  • Marginal note:New designation

    (4) Where for any reason a member of a firm of accountants designated pursuant to subsection (3) ceases to conduct the audit of the bank holding company, the bank holding company and the firm of accountants may jointly designate another member of the same firm of accountants who has the qualifications described in subsection (1) to conduct the audit of the bank holding company and the bank holding company shall forthwith notify the Superintendent in writing of the designation.

  • Marginal note:Deemed vacancy

    (5) In any case where subsection (4) applies and a designation is not made pursuant to that subsection within thirty days after the designated member ceases to conduct the audit of the bank holding company, there shall be deemed to be a vacancy in the office of auditor of the bank holding company.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 129

Marginal note:Duty to resign

  •  (1) An auditor that ceases to be qualified under section 847 shall resign forthwith after any member of the firm becomes aware that the firm has ceased to be so qualified.

  • Marginal note:Disqualification order

    (2) Any interested person may apply to a court for an order declaring that an auditor of a bank holding company has ceased to be qualified under section 847 and declaring the office of auditor to be vacant.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Revocation of appointment

  •  (1) The shareholders of a bank holding company may, by ordinary resolution at a special meeting, revoke the appointment of an auditor.

  • Marginal note:Revocation of appointment

    (2) The Superintendent may at any time revoke the appointment of an auditor made under subsection (3) or 846(1) or section 851 by notice in writing signed by the Superintendent and sent by registered mail to the auditor and to the bank holding company addressed to the usual place of business of the auditor and the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Filling vacancy

    (3) A vacancy created by the revocation of the appointment of an auditor under subsection (1) may be filled at the meeting at which the appointment was revoked and, if not so filled, shall be filled by the directors under section 851.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Ceasing to hold office

  •  (1) An auditor of a bank holding company ceases to hold office when

    • (a) the auditor resigns; or

    • (b) the appointment of the auditor is revoked by the shareholders or the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Effective date of resignation

    (2) The resignation of an auditor becomes effective at the time a written resignation is sent to the bank holding company or at the time specified in the resignation, whichever is later.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Filling vacancy

  •  (1) Subject to subsection 849(3), where a vacancy occurs in the office of auditor of a bank holding company, the directors shall forthwith fill the vacancy, and the auditor so appointed holds office for the unexpired term of office of the predecessor of that auditor.

  • Marginal note:Where Superintendent may fill vacancy

    (2) Where the directors fail to fill a vacancy in accordance with subsection (1), the Superintendent may fill the vacancy and the auditor so appointed holds office for the unexpired term of office of the predecessor of that auditor.

  • Marginal note:Designation of member of firm

    (3) Where the Superintendent has, pursuant to subsection (2), appointed a firm of accountants to fill a vacancy, the Superintendent shall designate the member of the firm who is to conduct the audit of the bank holding company on behalf of the firm.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Right to attend meetings

  •  (1) The auditor of a bank holding company is entitled to receive notice of every meeting of shareholders and, at the expense of the bank holding company, to attend and be heard thereat on matters relating to the duties of the auditor.

  • Marginal note:Duty to attend meeting

    (2) If a director or shareholder of a bank holding company, whether or not the shareholder is entitled to vote at the meeting, gives written notice, not less than ten days before a meeting of shareholders, to an auditor or former auditor of the bank holding company that the director or shareholder wishes the auditor’s attendance at the meeting, the auditor or former auditor shall attend the meeting at the expense of the bank holding company and answer questions relating to the auditor’s or former auditor’s duties as auditor.

  • Marginal note:Notice to bank holding company

    (3) A director or shareholder who gives notice under subsection (2) shall send concurrently a copy of the notice to the bank holding company and the bank holding company shall forthwith send a copy thereof to the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Superintendent may attend

    (4) The Superintendent may attend and be heard at any meeting referred to in subsection (2).

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Statement of auditor

  •  (1) An auditor of a bank holding company that

    • (a) resigns,

    • (b) receives a notice or otherwise learns of a meeting of shareholders called for the purpose of revoking the appointment of the auditor, or

    • (c) receives a notice or otherwise learns of a meeting of directors or shareholders at which another firm of accountants is to be appointed in its stead, whether because of the auditor’s resignation or revocation of appointment or because the auditor’s term of office has expired or is about to expire,

    shall submit to the bank holding company and the Superintendent a written statement giving the reasons for the resignation or the reasons why the auditor opposes any proposed action.

  • Marginal note:Other statements

    (1.1) In the case of a proposed replacement of an auditor whether because of removal or the expiry of their term, the bank holding company shall make a statement of the reasons for the proposed replacement and the proposed replacement auditor may make a statement in which they comment on those reasons.

  • Marginal note:Statements to be sent

    (2) The bank holding company shall send a copy of the statements referred to in subsections (1) and (1.1) without delay to every shareholder entitled to vote at the annual meeting of shareholders and to the Superintendent.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 130

Marginal note:Duty of replacement auditor

  •  (1) Where an auditor of a bank holding company has resigned or the appointment of an auditor has been revoked, no firm of accountants shall accept an appointment as auditor of the bank holding company or consent to be an auditor of the bank holding company until the firm of accountants has requested and received from the other auditor a written statement of the circumstances and reasons why the other auditor resigned or why, in the other auditor’s opinion, the other auditor’s appointment was revoked.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a firm of accountants may accept an appointment or consent to be appointed as auditor of a bank holding company if, within fifteen days after a request under that subsection is made, no reply from the other auditor is received.

  • Marginal note:Effect of non-compliance

    (3) Unless subsection (2) applies, an appointment as auditor of a bank holding company is void if subsection (1) has not been complied with.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Auditors’ examination

  •  (1) The auditor of a bank holding company shall make such examination as the auditor considers necessary to enable the auditor to report on the annual statement and on other financial statements required by this Part to be placed before the shareholders, except such annual statements or parts thereof as relate to the period referred to in subparagraph 840(1)(a)(ii).

  • Marginal note:Auditing standards

    (2) The examination of the auditor referred to in subsection (1) shall, except as otherwise specified by the Superintendent, be conducted in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, the primary source of which is the Handbook of the Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2017, c. 26, s. 62

Marginal note:Right to information

  •  (1) On the request of the auditor of a bank holding company, the present or former directors, officers, employees or agents of the bank holding company shall, to the extent that such persons are reasonably able to do so,

    • (a) permit access to such records, assets and security held by the bank holding company or any entity in which the bank holding company has a substantial investment, and

    • (b) provide such information and explanations

    as are, in the opinion of the auditor, necessary to enable the auditor to perform the duties of the auditor of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Directors to provide information

    (2) On the request of the auditor of a bank holding company, the directors of the bank holding company shall, to the extent that they are reasonably able to do so,

    • (a) obtain from the present or former directors, officers, employees and agents of any entity in which the bank holding company has a substantial investment the information and explanations that such persons are reasonably able to provide and that are, in the opinion of the auditor, necessary to enable them to perform the duties of the auditor of the bank holding company; and

    • (b) provide the auditor with the information and explanations so obtained.

  • Marginal note:No civil liability

    (3) A person who in good faith makes an oral or written communication under subsection (1) or (2) shall not be liable in any civil action arising from having made the communication.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Auditor’s report and extended examination

  •  (1) The Superintendent may, in writing, require that the auditor of a bank holding company report to the Superintendent on the extent of the procedures of the auditor in the examination of the annual statement and may, in writing, require that the auditor enlarge or extend the scope of that examination or direct that any other particular procedure be performed in any particular case, and the auditor shall comply with any such requirement of the Superintendent and report to the Superintendent thereon.

  • Marginal note:Special examination

    (2) The Superintendent may, in writing, require that the auditor of a bank holding company make a particular examination to determine whether any procedures adopted by the bank holding company may be prejudicial to the interests of depositors, policyholders or creditors of any federal financial institution that is affiliated with the bank holding company, or any other examination as, in the Superintendent’s opinion, the public interest may require, and report to the Superintendent thereon.

  • Marginal note:Special examination

    (3) The Superintendent may direct that a special audit of a bank holding company be made if, in the opinion of the Superintendent, it is so required and may appoint for that purpose a firm of accountants qualified pursuant to subsection 847(1) to be an auditor of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Expenses payable by bank holding company

    (4) The expenses entailed by any examination or audit referred to in any of subsections (1) to (3) are payable by the bank holding company on being approved in writing by the Superintendent.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
 
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