Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-09-22 and last amended on 2021-06-29. Previous Versions

PART 19Enforcement (continued)

Proceedings in Respect of a Violation (continued)

Miscellaneous (continued)

Marginal note:Evidence

 In any proceeding in respect of a violation, a notice of violation or a copy of the decision purporting to be served under this Part is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the individual purporting to have signed it.

Marginal note:Violation by officers, etc.

 If an entity commits a violation, any of the entity’s directors, officers or agents or mandataries who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the violation is a party to and liable for the violation whether or not the entity that actually committed the violation is proceeded against under this Act.

Marginal note:Third parties — groups

 If an entity that is a third party that is a group commits a violation, the person who is responsible for the group or its financial agent commits the violation if the person or financial agent authorized, consented to or participated in the act or omission that constitutes the violation.

Marginal note:Employees or agents or mandataries

 A person or entity is liable for a violation that is committed by an employee or agent or mandatary of the person or entity acting in the course of the employee’s employment or the scope of the agent’s or mandatary’s authority, whether or not the employee or agent or mandatary who actually committed the violation is identified or proceeded against under this Act.

Marginal note:Personal capacity

 An administrative monetary penalty imposed on an individual under this Part is deemed to be imposed on them in their personal capacity regardless of the capacity in which they acted when they committed the violation.

Marginal note:Debts to Her Majesty

  •  (1) The following amounts constitute debts due to Her Majesty in right of Canada that may be recovered in the Federal Court:

    • (a) if a person or entity has entered into a compliance agreement with the Commissioner under the terms of which the person or entity is to pay an amount to the Receiver General, any portion of that amount that remains unpaid after the expiry of the time set out in the agreement to pay that amount;

    • (b) if a person or entity that is served with a notice of violation does not exercise any of their rights referred to in section 521.14 within the time and in the manner set out in the notice, the amount of the administrative monetary penalty set out in the notice of violation that remains unpaid after the expiry of the time set out in the notice to pay the amount;

    • (c) if a person or entity that is served with a notice of violation exercises any of their rights referred to in section 521.14 within the time and in the manner set out in the notice, the following amount that remains unpaid after the expiry of 30 days after the day on which they were served with the copy of the Chief Electoral Officer’s or the Commissioner’s decision:

      • (i) the amount of the administrative monetary penalty set out in the notice of violation that is confirmed in the decision, or

      • (ii) the reduced amount of the administrative monetary penalty that is set out in the decision; and

    • (d) if a person or entity has provided an undertaking that is accepted by the Commissioner in which an amount is to be paid to the Receiver General, any portion of that amount that remains unpaid after the expiry of the time set out in the undertaking to pay that amount.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period or prescription

    (2) No proceedings to recover a debt referred to in subsection (1) may be commenced after the expiry of five years after the day on which the debt became payable.

  • Marginal note:Debt final

    (3) A debt referred to in subsection (1) is final and not subject to review or to be restrained, prohibited, removed, set aside or otherwise dealt with.

Marginal note:Certificate of default

  •  (1) Any debt referred to in subsection 521.31(1) in respect of which there is a default of payment, or the part of any such debt that has not been paid, may be certified by the Commissioner.

  • Marginal note:Judgment

    (2) A certificate made under subsection (1) that is registered in Federal Court has the same force and effect as if it were a judgment obtained in that Court for a debt of the amount specified in it and all reasonable costs and charges associated with the registration of the certificate and all proceedings may be taken in respect of the certificate.

Marginal note:Remittance to Receiver General

 The amount of an administrative monetary penalty shall be paid to the Commissioner, who shall forward that amount to the Receiver General.

Marginal note:Publication — notice of violation

  •  (1) The Commissioner shall publish, in the manner and form that he or she considers appropriate, a notice that sets out the name of the person or entity that is deemed to have committed a violation, identifies the act or omission or the failure to comply to which the violation relates and sets out the amount of the administrative monetary penalty.

  • Marginal note:Publication — accepted undertaking

    (2) The Commissioner shall publish, in the manner and form that he or she considers appropriate, a notice that sets out the name of the person or entity that provided an undertaking accepted by the Commissioner, along with the text of the undertaking other than the signature of the individuals who signed it.

PART 20Contested Elections

Marginal note:Means of contestation

  •  (1) The validity of the election of a candidate may not be contested otherwise than in accordance with this Part.

  • Marginal note:No effect on rights and obligations

    (2) The making of an application to contest an election does not affect any right or obligation of a candidate in that election.

Marginal note:Nul and void election

 The election of a person is nul and void if, under section 65, the person was not eligible to be a candidate.

Marginal note:Contestation of election

  •  (1) Any elector who was eligible to vote in an electoral district, and any candidate in an electoral district, may, by application to a competent court, contest the election in that electoral district on the grounds that

    • (a) under section 65 the elected candidate was not eligible to be a candidate; or

    • (b) there were irregularities, fraud or corrupt or illegal practices that affected the result of the election.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) An application may not be made on the grounds for which a recount may be requested under subsection 301(2).

Marginal note:Competent courts

  •  (1) The following courts are competent courts for the purposes of this Part:

    • (a) a court listed in subsection (2) that has jurisdiction in all or part of the electoral district in question; and

    • (b) the Federal Court.

  • Marginal note:Courts

    (2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(a), the courts are

    • (a) in the Province of Ontario, the Superior Court of Justice;

    • (b) in the Province of Quebec, the Superior Court;

    • (c) in the Provinces of Nova Scotia, British Columbia and Prince Edward Island, Yukon and the Northwest Territories, the Supreme Court;

    • (d) in the Provinces of New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Court of Queen’s Bench;

    • (e) in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, the Trial Division of the Supreme Court; and

    • (f) in Nunavut, the Nunavut Court of Justice.

  • Marginal note:Rules of procedure

    (3) An application shall be dealt with without delay and in a summary way. The court may, however, allow oral evidence to be given at the hearing of the application in specific circumstances.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 525
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 94(E), c. 8, s. 117
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 111

Marginal note:Security, service of application

  •  (1) An application must be accompanied by security for costs in the amount of $1,000, and must be served on the Attorney General of Canada, the Chief Electoral Officer, the returning officer of the electoral district in question and all the candidates in that electoral district.

  • Marginal note:Increase of security

    (2) The court may, if it considers it just, increase the amount of the security.

Marginal note:Time limit

 An application based on a ground set out in paragraph 524(1)(b) must be filed within 30 days after the later of

  • (a) the day on which the result of the contested election is published in the Canada Gazette, and

  • (b) the day on which the applicant first knew or should have known of the occurrence of the alleged irregularity, fraud, corrupt practice or illegal practice.

Marginal note:Withdrawal of application

 An application may not be withdrawn without leave of the court.

Marginal note:Notice of appearance

 Any person referred to in subsection 526(1) may, within 15 days after being served with the application, file with the court a notice of appearance if he or she wishes to take part in the proceedings.

Marginal note:Evidence

 In a proceeding in relation to an application, the written statement of the returning officer is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, sufficient evidence of the holding of the election and of any person named in the certificate having been a candidate.

Marginal note:Dismissal of application

  •  (1) The court may at any time dismiss an application if it considers it to be vexatious, frivolous or not made in good faith.

  • Marginal note:Court’s decision

    (2) After hearing the application, the court may dismiss it if the grounds referred to in paragraph 524(1)(a) or (b), as the case may be, are not established and, where they are established, shall declare the election null and void or may annul the election, respectively.

  • Marginal note:Duties of court clerk

    (3) The clerk of the court shall

    • (a) send copies of the decision to the persons mentioned in subsection 526(1), to any intervenor and to the Speaker of the House of Commons; and

    • (b) inform the Speaker of the House of Commons as to whether or not an appeal has been filed under subsection 532(1).

  • Marginal note:Informing House of Commons

    (4) Except when an appeal is filed under subsection 532(1), the Speaker of the House of Commons shall communicate the decision to the House of Commons without delay.

Marginal note:Appeal

  •  (1) An appeal from a decision made under subsection 531(2) lies to the Supreme Court of Canada on any question of law or fact, and must be filed within eight days after the decision was given.

  • Marginal note:Procedure

    (2) The Supreme Court shall hear the appeal without delay and in a summary manner.

  • Marginal note:Copies of decision

    (3) The registrar of the Supreme Court shall send copies of the decision to the persons mentioned in subsection 526(1), to any intervenor and to the Speaker of the House of Commons.

  • Marginal note:Informing House of Commons

    (4) The Speaker of the House of Commons shall communicate the decision to the House of Commons without delay.

PART 21General

Reports of Chief Electoral Officer

Marginal note:Polling division reports

 The Chief Electoral Officer shall, in the case of a general election, without delay, and, in the case of a by-election, within 90 days after the return of the writ, publish, in the manner and form that he or she considers appropriate, a report that sets out

  • (a) by polling division, the number of votes cast for each candidate, the number of rejected ballots and the number of names on the final list of electors;

  • (a.1) by polling division, the number of additions of names and the number of corrections of information that were made to, and the number of deletions of names that were made from, the official list of electors on polling day;

  • (a.2) the conclusions of the report made by the auditor engaged under section 164.1 for that general election or by-election; and

  • (b) any other information that the Chief Electoral Officer considers relevant.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 533
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 112

Marginal note:Report to Speaker on general election

  •  (1) In the case of a general election, the Chief Electoral Officer shall, within 90 days after the date provided for in paragraph 57(2)(c), make a report to the Speaker of the House of Commons that sets out

    • (a) any matter or event that has arisen or occurred in connection with the administration of the Chief Electoral Officer’s office since the last report and that he or she considers should be brought to the attention of the House of Commons;

    • (b) any measures to adapt any provision of this Act that have been taken under section 17 or 179 since the issue of the writs that he or she considers should be brought to the attention of the House of Commons; and

    • (c) any measures that he or she has taken to improve the accuracy of the lists of electors since the last report and any such measures that he or she proposes to take.

  • Marginal note:Report to Speaker on by-elections

    (2) If there are one or more by-elections in a year, the Chief Electoral Officer shall, within 90 days after the end of the year, make a report to the Speaker of the House of Commons that sets out

    • (a) any matter or event that has arisen or occurred in connection with the administration of the Chief Electoral Officer’s office since the last report under this section and that he or she considers should be brought to the attention of the House of Commons;

    • (b) any measures to adapt any provision of this Act that have been taken under section 17 or 179 in relation to each of the by-elections and that he or she considers should be brought to the attention of the House of Commons; and

    • (c) any measures that he or she has taken to improve the accuracy of the lists of electors in relation to each of the by-elections and any such measures that he or she proposes to take.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 534
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 113
 
Date modified: