Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

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Act current to 2019-05-07 and last amended on 2019-04-01. Previous Versions

PART 19Enforcement (continued)

Offences (continued)

Offences under Part 12 (Counting Votes)

Marginal note:Strict liability offences — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every returning officer who contravenes section 292 (failure to safeguard ballot box) is guilty of an offence.

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (2) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) being a deputy returning officer, contravenes any of sections 283 to 288 (failure to perform duties re counting of the vote) with the intention of causing the reception of a vote that should not have been cast or the non-reception of a vote that should have been cast; or

    • (b) knowingly contravenes subsection 289(3) (premature counting of votes cast at advance poll).

Offence under Part 13 (Validation of Results by the Returning Officer)

Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

 Every person who wilfully contravenes subsection 296(4) (failure to appear before returning officer) is guilty of an offence.

Offences under Part 15 (Return of the Writ)

Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

 Every returning officer is guilty of an offence who wilfully contravenes

  • (a) subsection 313(1) (failure to declare candidate elected); or

  • (b) section 314 (failure to transmit election documents).

Offences under Part 16 (Communications)

Marginal note:Strict liability offences — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) being a candidate, a registered party or a person acting on behalf of a candidate or registered party, contravenes section 320 (failure to indicate authority for election advertising);

    • (b) contravenes subsection 326(1) or (2) (failure to provide election survey information) or, being a sponsor of an election survey, contravenes subsection 326(3) (failure to provide report on election survey results); or

    • (c) contravenes section 327 (failure to indicate survey not based on recognized statistical methods).

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

    (2) Every person is guilty of an offence who,

    • (a) being a landlord or a condominium corporation, wilfully contravenes section 322 (prohibition of election advertising posters on residential premises); or

    • (b) contravenes section 325 (removal of election advertising).

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — summary conviction

    (3) Every person who wilfully contravenes section 331 (inducement by foreigners) is guilty of an offence.

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — fine only, summary conviction

    (4) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) wilfully contravenes subsection 326(1) or (2) (failure to provide election survey information) or, being a sponsor of an election survey, wilfully contravenes subsection 326(3) (failure to provide report on election survey results);

    • (b) wilfully contravenes section 327 (failure to indicate survey not based on recognized statistical methods);

    • (c) wilfully contravenes subsection 328(2) (transmission of election survey results during blackout period);

    • (d) [Repealed, 2014, c. 12, s. 95]

    • (e) wilfully contravenes subsection 330(1) or (2) (foreign broadcasting);

    • (f) being a broadcaster, wilfully contravenes subsection 335(1) or, being a network operator, wilfully contravenes subsection 335(2) (failure to make broadcasting time available);

    • (g) being a broadcaster, wilfully contravenes subsection 339(3) (failure to make additional broadcasting time available) or 339(4) (failure to adjust broadcasting time) or, being a network operator, wilfully contravenes subsection 345(1) (failure to make free broadcasting time available);

    • (h) wilfully contravenes section 348 (failure to charge lowest rate for broadcasting time or advertising space);

    • (i) being a broadcaster or a network operator, fails to comply with an allocation of or entitlement to broadcasting time under this Act; or

    • (j) being a broadcaster or a network operator, makes available to a registered party or eligible party within the period described in subsection 335(1) more broadcasting time than is required to be made available by it to that party by an allocation under sections 337 and 338 or entitlement under section 339, without making available to each other registered party or eligible party an amount of additional equivalent broadcasting time that is based on the percentage of broadcasting time made available to it by the original allocation or entitlement.

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (5) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) knowingly contravenes subsection 323(1) (conducting election advertising during blackout period);

    • (b) knowingly contravenes subsection 328(1) (causing transmission of election survey results during blackout period).

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 495
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 95
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 333

Offences under Division 2 of Part 16.1 (Scripts and Recordings)

Marginal note:Strict liability offences — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an offence who, being a calling service provider, contravenes

    • (a) paragraph 348.16(a) (obligation to keep scripts); or

    • (b) paragraph 348.16(b) (obligation to keep recordings).

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (2) Every person who, being a calling service provider, knowingly contravenes any provision referred to in subsection (1) is guilty of an offence.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 96

Marginal note:Strict liability offences — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an offence who, being a person or group, contravenes

    • (a) paragraph 348.17(a) or section 348.19 (obligation to keep scripts); or

    • (b) paragraph 348.17(b) or section 348.18 (obligation to keep recordings).

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (2) Every person who, being a person or group, knowingly contravenes any provision referred to in subsection (1) is guilty of an offence.

  • 2014, c. 12, s. 96

Offences under Part 17 (Third Party Election Advertising)

Marginal note:Strict liability offences — summary conviction

  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an offence who, being a third party, contravenes

    • (a) any of subsections 350(1) to (4) (exceeding election advertising expense limits);

    • (a.1) section 351.1 (foreign third party exceeding election advertising expense limit);

    • (b) section 352 (failure to identify self in advertisement);

    • (c) subsection 353(1) (failure to register);

    • (d) section 354 (failure to appoint financial agent) or subsection 355(1) (failure to appoint auditor);

    • (e) subsection 357(3) (use of anonymous contributions) or section 358 (use of foreign contributions); or

    • (f) subsection 359(1) (failure to file election advertising report) or 359(9) (failure to provide bills or receipts on request).

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (2) Every person is guilty of an offence who, being a third party, wilfully contravenes

    • (a) any of subsections 350(1) to (4) or section 351 (exceeding or circumventing election advertising expense limits);

    • (a.1) section 351.1 (foreign third party exceeding election advertising expense limit);

    • (b) subsection 353(1) (failure to register); or

    • (c) subsection 359(1) (failure to file election advertising report).

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 496
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 97
 
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