Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

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Act current to 2019-02-28 and last amended on 2019-01-19. Previous Versions

PART 4Register of Electors (continued)

Updating the Register (continued)

Marginal note:Restrictions

 If an elector so requests the Chief Electoral Officer in writing, information in the Register of Electors relating to that elector shall be used only for federal electoral or referendum purposes.

Marginal note:Access to personal information

 At the written request of an elector, the Chief Electoral Officer shall send the elector all the information in the Chief Electoral Officer’s possession relating to him or her.

Agreements on Giving Information

Marginal note:Provincial bodies

  •  (1) The Chief Electoral Officer may enter into an agreement with any body responsible under provincial law for establishing a list of electors, governing the giving of information contained in the Register of Electors, or the giving of information referred to in subsection 44(2) or (2.1) that the Chief Electoral Officer intends to include in the Register of Electors, if that information is needed for establishing such a list.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (2) The Chief Electoral Officer shall include in the agreement conditions regarding the use and protection of personal information given under the agreement.

  • (3) [Repealed, 2007, c. 21, s. 9]

  • Marginal note:Valuable consideration

    (4) An agreement mentioned in subsection (1) may require valuable consideration to be provided in exchange for the information given.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 55;
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 9.

Prohibitions

Marginal note:Prohibitions

 No person shall

  • (a) knowingly make a false or misleading statement, orally or in writing, relating to their qualification as an elector or relating to any other information referred to in section 49;

  • (b) knowingly make a false or misleading statement, orally or in writing, relating to another person’s qualification as an elector, to the surname, given names, sex, civic address or mailing address of that person, or to the identifier assigned to that person by the Chief Electoral Officer, for the purpose of having that person’s name deleted from the Register of Electors;

  • (c) request the listing in the Register of Electors of the name of a person who is not qualified as an elector, knowing that the person is not so qualified;

  • (d) wilfully apply to have included in the Register of Electors the name of an animal or thing;

  • (e) knowingly use personal information that is obtained from the Register of Electors except as follows:

    • (i) to enable registered parties, members or candidates to communicate with electors in accordance with section 110,

    • (ii) for the purpose of a federal election or referendum, or

    • (iii) in accordance with the conditions included in an agreement made under section 55, in the case of information that is transmitted in accordance with the agreement; or

  • (f) knowingly use other personal information that is transmitted in accordance with an agreement made under section 55 except in accordance with the conditions included in the agreement.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 56;
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 10.

PART 5Conduct of an Election

Date of General Election

Marginal note:Powers of Governor General preserved

  •  (1) Nothing in this section affects the powers of the Governor General, including the power to dissolve Parliament at the Governor General’s discretion.

  • Marginal note:Election dates

    (2) Subject to subsection (1), each general election must be held on the third Monday of October in the fourth calendar year following polling day for the last general election, with the first general election after this section comes into force being held on Monday, October 19, 2009.

  • 2007, c. 10, s. 1.

Marginal note:Alternate day

  •  (1) If the Chief Electoral Officer is of the opinion that a Monday that would otherwise be polling day under subsection 56.1(2) is not suitable for that purpose, including by reason of its being in conflict with a day of cultural or religious significance or a provincial or municipal election, the Chief Electoral Officer may choose another day in accordance with subsection (4) and shall recommend to the Governor in Council that polling day be that other day.

  • Marginal note:Publication of recommendation

    (2) If the Chief Electoral Officer recommends an alternate day for a general election in accordance with subsection (1), he or she shall without delay publish in the Canada Gazette notice of the day recommended.

  • Marginal note:Making and publication of order

    (3) If the Governor in Council accepts the recommendation, the Governor in Council shall make an order to that effect. The order must be published without delay in the Canada Gazette.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (4) The alternate day must be either the Tuesday immediately following the Monday that would otherwise be polling day or the Monday of the following week.

  • Marginal note:Timing of proclamation

    (5) An order under subsection (3) shall not be made after August 1 in the year in which the general election is to be held.

  • 2007, c. 10, s. 1.

Writs of Election

Marginal note:General election — proclamation

  •  (1) The Governor in Council shall issue a proclamation in order for a general election to be held.

  • Marginal note:By-election — order

    (1.1) The Governor in Council shall make an order in order for a by-election to be held.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (1.2) The proclamation or order shall

    • (a) direct the Chief Electoral Officer to issue a writ to the returning officer for each electoral district to which the proclamation or order applies;

    • (b) fix the date of issue of the writ; and

    • (c) fix the date for voting at the election, which date must be no earlier than the 36th day and no later than the 50th day after the day on which the writ was issued.

  • Marginal note:General election

    (2) In the case of a general election,

    • (a) the date of issue of the writ shall be the same for all electoral districts;

    • (b) polling day shall be the same for all electoral districts; and

    • (c) the proclamation shall fix a date for the return of the writ to the Chief Electoral Officer, which date shall be the same for all of the writs.

  • Marginal note:Election held on a Monday

    (3) Subject to subsection (4) and section 56.2, polling day shall be on a Monday.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) In the case of a general election that is not held on a day set in accordance with subsection 56.1(2) or section 56.2, if, in the week in which the election is to be held, the Monday is a holiday, polling day shall be held on the Tuesday of that week.

  • Marginal note:Times when polling day is a Tuesday

    (5) If the day fixed for the vote is a Tuesday because of subsection (4) or section 56.2, any time period specified under this Act before or after polling day is to be calculated as if polling day were the Monday.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 57;
  • 2001, c. 21, s. 5;
  • 2007, c. 10, s. 2;
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 47.

Marginal note:Writs forwarded to returning officer

 The Chief Electoral Officer shall issue a writ in Form 1 of Schedule 1 to the returning officer for the electoral district in which the election is to be held without delay after the proclamation is issued or the order is made under section 57.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 58;
  • 2001, c. 21, s. 6;
  • 2007, c. 10, s. 3.

Marginal note:Withdrawal of writ

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may order the withdrawal of a writ for any electoral district for which the Chief Electoral Officer certifies that by reason of a flood, fire or other disaster it is impracticable to carry out the provisions of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Duties of Chief Electoral Officer

    (2) If the Governor in Council orders the withdrawal of a writ, the Chief Electoral Officer shall publish a notice of the withdrawal in the Canada Gazette and, on being ordered by the Governor in Council to do so, shall, within three months after the date of publication of the notice, issue a new writ ordering an election to be held.

  • Marginal note:Polling day

    (3) The day named in the new writ for polling day is determined by the Governor in Council, but may be no later than the 50th day after the day on which the new writ was issued.

  • Marginal note:Postponement of election and new polling day

    (4) If the Chief Electoral Officer certifies that by reason of a flood, fire or other disaster it is impracticable to carry out the provisions of this Act with regard to an electoral district, but the Governor in Council is of the opinion that the withdrawal of the writ under subsection (1) is not warranted, the Governor in Council may, by order, postpone the election by up to seven days for that electoral district and, correspondingly, extend the election period and fix the date for the new polling day.

  • Marginal note:Postponement of election — rules

    (5) If the Governor in Council orders the postponement of an election for an electoral district under subsection (4), then, in respect of that electoral district, the following rules apply in respect of any time period before polling day specified under this Act:

    • (a) if this Act authorizes or requires anything to be done on a day that is a certain number of days before polling day or done within a period that ends before polling day, and the day occurs or the period ends before the day on which the postponement order is made, then polling day is deemed to still be the day fixed under paragraph 57(1.2)(c) and not the day fixed under subsection (4);

    • (b) if this Act authorizes or requires anything to be done within a period that ends on or before polling day and the period ends on or after the day on which the postponement order is made, then

      • (i) anything done as authorized or required on or before the day on which the postponement order is made is valid, and

      • (ii) in respect of anything not done as authorized or required on or before that day, the period during which the thing is authorized or required to be done is extended by the number of days by which the election is postponed;

    • (c) if this Act authorizes or requires anything to be done on a day that is a certain number of days before polling day and that day occurs on the day on which the postponement order is made, then

      • (i) anything done as authorized or required on that day is valid, and

      • (ii) in respect of anything not done as authorized or required on that day, the day on which the thing is authorized or required to be done is postponed by the number of days by which the election is postponed;

    • (d) if a period is extended under subparagraph (b)(ii) or a day is postponed under subparagraph (c)(ii), then any mention of a number of days before polling day prevails over any mention of a day of the week before polling day; and

    • (e) for the purposes of this subsection, if the original polling day fixed under paragraph 57(1.2)(c) is a Tuesday because of section 56.2 or subsection 57(4), it is deemed to be a Monday.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 59;
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 48.
 
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