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Multi-Sector Air Pollutants Regulations (SOR/2016-151)

Regulations are current to 2020-10-05 and last amended on 2020-09-21. Previous Versions

PART 1Boilers and Heaters (continued)

Quantification (continued)

Thermal Efficiency (continued)

Marginal note:Difference of temperature — preheated air

 For a modern heater that is equipped to preheat air, the difference between the temperature of its preheated air and the ambient air, for a given hour, must be determined by the formula

Tp − Ta

where

Tp
is the average temperature, expressed in °C, of the heater’s preheated air introduced into the combustion chamber during the given hour, as measured at the point of introduction to the combustion chamber; and
Ta
is the average temperature, expressed in °C, of the ambient air introduced into the preheater during the given hour, as measured at the point of introduction to the air preheater.

Determination of NOx Emission Intensity

Stack Test or CEMS Test

Marginal note:Conditions

 The NOx emission intensity of a boiler or heater must be determined by means of

  • (a) a stack test or a CEMS test, if

    • (i) the boiler’s or heater’s rated capacity is at most 262.5 GJ/h, or

    • (ii) the boiler’s or heater’s rated capacity is more than 262.5 GJ/h and its NOx emission intensity was less than 80% of the NOx emission intensity limit applicable to it under any of sections 6, 7, 9 to 11, 13 and 14, as determined by means of one or more stack tests during

      • (A) its initial test conducted under section 33, and

      • (B) each of the first two compliance tests conducted under subparagraph 38(2)(c)(i); and

  • (b) subject to subsections 26(1) and paragraphs 33(2)(a) and 38(2)(a), a CEMS test in any other case.

Marginal note:Identification — exception to paragraph 25(b)

  •  (1) The NOx emission intensity of a boiler or heater that is to be determined under paragraph 25(b) must be determined for a given hour in accordance with subsection (2), if the boiler or heater

    • (a) is not equipped with a CEMS; and

    • (b) has been identified under subsection (5) with another boiler or heater whose NOx emission intensity is determined for that given hour by means of a CEMS test as a rolling hourly average.

  • Marginal note:Greater of stack test and CEMS test

    (2) The NOx emission intensity of a boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(a) for each hour is the greater of

    • (a) the result of a stack test that is applicable to that hour, and

    • (b) the rolling hourly average for that hour determined by means of a CEMS test conducted on the other boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(b).

  • Marginal note:Identification

    (3) A boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(a) may be identified with another boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(b) if the following conditions are met:

    • (a) they have the same manufacturer;

    • (b) they have the same rated capacity;

    • (c) they are designed to have the same NOx emission intensity;

    • (d) they have the same equipment to preheat air, if any;

    • (e) they combust fuel from a common source;

    • (f) they are juxtaposed; and

    • (g) they are

      • (i) both class 80,

      • (ii) both class 70,

      • (iii) both transitional or modern, or one is transitional and the other is modern, or

      • (iv) both redesigned within the meaning of paragraph 10(2)(b).

  • Marginal note:When identification made

    (4) The identification is made as of

    • (a) for class 80 boilers or heaters, the earlier of

      • (i) the recommissioning date of the boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(a), if it underwent a major modification, and

      • (ii) January 1, 2026;

    • (b) for class 70 boilers or heaters, the earlier of

      • (i) the recommissioning date of the boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(a), if it underwent a major modification, and

      • (ii) January 1, 2036;

    • (c) for transitional or modern boilers or heaters, the commissioning date of the boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(a); and

    • (d) for redesigned boilers or heaters referred to in section 10, the recommissioning date of the boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Identification by recording

    (5) The identification is made on the recording of the following information:

    • (a) the name of the manufacturer — along with the serial number, make and model — of the boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(a);

    • (b) the name of the manufacturer — along with the serial number, make and model — of the other boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(b);

    • (c) documentation that establishes that those boilers or heaters meet the conditions set out in paragraphs (3)(b) to (g);

    • (d) an indication that the boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (a) is identified with the boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (b); and

    • (e) the date of the recording.

  • Marginal note:At most four identifications

    (6) At most four boilers or heaters may be identified under subsection (5) with a given other boiler or heater referred to in paragraph (1)(b).

Stack Tests

Marginal note:Three test runs

  •  (1) A stack test consists of three consecutive test runs conducted within a period of 48 hours, each of which lasts at least 30 minutes and results in a determination of the boiler’s or heater’s NOx emission intensity.

  • Marginal note:Operating conditions for test runs

    (2) The test runs must be conducted while the boiler or heater meets the following conditions:

    • (a) it is operating with at least 50% of the input energy in its combustion chamber resulting from the introduction of gaseous fossil fuel;

    • (b) it is operating at at least 60% of its rated capacity;

    • (c) it is operating at a steady state;

    • (d) it is operating with preheated air, if it is equipped to preheat air; and

    • (e) the same type of gaseous fossil fuel — natural gas or alternative gas — is introduced into its combustion chamber.

Marginal note:Concentrations of NOx and O2

  •  (1) For each test run, the measurements of the concentration of NOx, expressed in ppmvd, and the concentration of O2, expressed as a percentage determined by volume on a dry basis, in the boiler’s or heater’s flue gas must be made simultaneously and in accordance with either

    • (a) the following EPA methods:

      • (i) for the location of the sampling port and its traverse points, EPA Method 1 or EPA Method 1A, as applicable,

      • (ii) for the concentration of NOx, EPA Method 7E, and

      • (iii) for the concentration of O2, EPA Method 3A; or

    • (b) ASTM D6522-11 and, for the location of the sampling port and its traverse points, EPA Method 1 or EPA Method 1A, as applicable.

  • Marginal note:Exception — EC Method A

    (2) Despite subsection (1), the location of the sampling port and its traverse points may be determined for the purpose of that subsection in accordance with EC Method A.

Marginal note:Determination of NOx emission intensity

 Based on the concentrations of NOx and O2 as measured in accordance with section 28, the NOx emission intensity, expressed in g/GJ, of the boiler or heater must be determined for each test run

  • (a) by means of the appropriate calculation of emissions by F-factors set out in Appendix A to the EC CEMS Code; or

  • (b) by the formula

    (NOx × 1.88 × 10-3 × Fg)/Σi(Fi × HHVi)

    where

    NOx
    is the concentration of NOx ,
    Fg
    is the flow rate of the flue gas, expressed in m3/h at 25°C and 101.325 kPa, as measured in the test run and determined in accordance with EPA Method 4 or EC Method D and converted to its flow rate on a dry basis in accordance with EPA Method 2 or EC Method B,
    Fi
    is the flow rate of the ith fuel combusted, expressed for a solid or liquid fuel in a given unit/h and for a gaseous fuel in m3/h at 25°C and 101.325 kPa ,
    HHVi
    is the higher heating value of the ith fuel combusted, being
    • (a) for commercial grade natural gas, expressed in GJ/standard m3,

      • (i) the higher heating value determined in accordance with any of the required HHV methods set out in section 22that apply, or

      • (ii) 0.03793, and

    • (b) in any other case, the higher heating value of that ith fuel determined in accordance with any of the required HHV methods set out in section 22 that apply, expressed in GJ/the given unit referred to in the description of Fi, and

    i
    is the ith fuel combusted, where i goes from 1 to n and n is the number of fuels combusted.
 
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