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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2021-11-17 and last amended on 2021-07-07. Previous Versions

Part VI — General Operating and Flight Rules (continued)

Subpart 2 — Operating and Flight Rules (continued)

Division IV — Pre-Flight and Fuel Requirements (continued)

Passenger Briefings
  •  (1) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall ensure that all of the passengers on board the aircraft are briefed before take-off with respect to the following, where applicable:

    • (a) the location and means of operation of emergency and normal exits;

    • (b) the location and means of operation of safety belts, shoulder harnesses and restraint devices;

    • (c) the positioning of seats and the securing of seat backs and chair tables;

    • (d) the stowage of carry-on baggage;

    • (e) where the aircraft is unpressurized and it is possible that the flight will require the use of oxygen by the passengers, the location and means of operation of oxygen equipment; and

    • (f) any prohibition against smoking.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall ensure that all of the passengers on board the aircraft are briefed

    • (a) in the case of an over-water flight where the carriage of life preservers, individual flotation devices or personal flotation devices is required pursuant to section 602.62, before commencement of the over-water portion of the flight, with respect to the location and use of those items; and

    • (b) in the case of a pressurized aircraft that is to be operated at an altitude above FL 250, before the aircraft reaches FL 250, with respect to the location and means of operation of oxygen equipment.

  • (3) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall, before take-off, ensure that all of the passengers on board the aircraft are provided with information respecting the location and use of

    • (a) first aid kits and survival equipment;

    • (b) where the aircraft is a helicopter or a small aircraft that is an aeroplane, any ELT that is required to be carried on board pursuant to section 605.38; and

    • (c) any life raft that is required to be carried on board pursuant to section 602.63.

[602.90 to 602.95 reserved]

Division V — Operations at or in the Vicinity of an Aerodrome

General
  •  (1) This section applies to persons operating VFR or IFR aircraft at or in the vicinity of an uncontrolled or controlled aerodrome.

  • (2) Before taking off from, landing at or otherwise operating an aircraft at an aerodrome, the pilot-in-command of the aircraft shall be satisfied that

    • (a) there is no likelihood of collision with another aircraft or a vehicle; and

    • (b) the aerodrome is suitable for the intended operation.

  • (3) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft operating at or in the vicinity of an aerodrome shall

    • (a) observe aerodrome traffic for the purpose of avoiding a collision;

    • (b) conform to or avoid the pattern of traffic formed by other aircraft in operation;

    • (c) make all turns to the left when operating within the aerodrome traffic circuit, except where right turns are specified by the Minister in the Canada Flight Supplement or where otherwise authorized by the appropriate air traffic control unit;

    • (d) if the aerodrome is an airport or heliport, comply with any operating restrictions specified by the Minister in the Canada Flight Supplement;

    • (e) where practicable, land and take off into the wind unless otherwise authorized by the appropriate air traffic control unit;

    • (f) maintain a continuous listening watch on the appropriate frequency for aerodrome control communications or, if this is not possible and an air traffic control unit is in operation at the aerodrome, keep a watch for such instructions as may be issued by visual means by the air traffic control unit; and

    • (g) where the aerodrome is a controlled aerodrome, obtain from the appropriate air traffic control unit, either by radio communication or by visual signal, clearance to taxi, take off from or land at the aerodrome.

  • (4) Unless otherwise authorized by the appropriate air traffic control unit, no pilot-in-command shall operate an aircraft at an altitude of less than 2,000 feet over an aerodrome except for the purpose of landing or taking off or if the aircraft is operated pursuant to subsection (5).

  • (5) Where it is necessary for the purposes of the operation in which the aircraft is engaged, a pilot-in-command may operate an aircraft at an altitude of less than 2,000 feet over an aerodrome, where it is being operated

    • (a) in the service of a police authority;

    • (b) for the purpose of saving human life;

    • (c) for fire-fighting or air ambulance operations;

    • (d) for the purpose of the administration of the Fisheries Act or the Coastal Fisheries Protection Act;

    • (e) for the purpose of the administration of the national or provincial parks;

    • (f) for the purpose of flight inspection;

    • (g) for the purpose of aerial application or aerial inspection;

    • (h) for the purpose of highway or city traffic patrol;

    • (i) for the purpose of aerial photography conducted by the holder of an air operator certificate;

    • (j) for the purpose of helicopter external load operations; or

    • (k) for the purpose of flight training conducted by the holder of a flight training unit operator certificate.

  • (6) No person shall conduct a take-off or landing at a designated airport without an aircraft fire-fighting service in an aeroplane in respect of which a type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 20 or more passengers if the aeroplane is operated under

    • (a) Part VI, Subpart 4; or

    • (b) Part VII, Subpart 1 or 5.

  • (7) Subsection (6) does not apply in respect of

    • (a) a cargo flight without passengers;

    • (b) a ferry flight;

    • (c) a positioning flight;

    • (d) a training flight if no fare-paying passengers are on board;

    • (e) the arrival of an aeroplane when the airport is being used for a diversion or as an alternate aerodrome; or

    • (f) the subsequent departure of an aeroplane referred to in paragraph (e) if

      • (i) the air operator or private operator has notified the operator of the designated airport of the intended time of departure,

      • (ii) the operator of the designated airport has advised the air operator or private operator that aircraft fire-fighting services cannot be made available within one hour after the later of the time that notification was given under subparagraph (i) and the time of landing, and

      • (iii) the pilot-in-command and the operations manager of the air operator or private operator have agreed that the aeroplane will depart without aircraft fire-fighting services being available.

VFR and IFR Aircraft Operations at Uncontrolled Aerodromes within an MF Area
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), no pilot-in-command shall operate a VFR or IFR aircraft within an MF area unless the aircraft is equipped with radiocommunication equipment pursuant to Subpart 5.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of a VFR or IFR aircraft operating within an MF area shall maintain a listening watch on the mandatory frequency specified for use in the MF area.

  • (3) The pilot-in-command of a VFR aircraft that is not equipped with the radiocommunication equipment referred to in subsection (1) may operate the aircraft to or from an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area if

    • (a) a ground station is in operation at the aerodrome;

    • (b) prior notice of the pilot-in-command’s intention to operate the aircraft at the aerodrome has been given to the ground station;

    • (c) when conducting a take-off, the pilot-in-command ascertains by visual observation that there is no likelihood of collision with another aircraft or a vehicle during take-off; and

    • (d) when approaching for a landing, the aircraft enters the aerodrome traffic circuit from a position that will require it to complete two sides of a rectangular circuit before turning onto the final approach path.

General MF Reporting Requirements
  •  (1) Every report made pursuant to this Division shall be made on the mandatory frequency that has been specified for use in the applicable MF area.

  • (2) Every report referred to in subsection (1) shall be

    • (a) directed to the ground station associated with the MF area, if a ground station exists and is in operation; or

    • (b) broadcast, if a ground station does not exist or is not in operation.

MF Reporting Procedures before Entering Manoeuvring Area

 The pilot-in-command of a VFR or IFR aircraft that is operated at an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area shall report the pilot-in-command’s intentions before entering the manoeuvring area of the aerodrome.

MF Reporting Procedures on Departure

 The pilot-in-command of a VFR or IFR aircraft that is departing from an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area shall

  • (a) before moving onto the take-off surface, report the pilot-in-command’s departure procedure intentions;

  • (b) before take-off, ascertain by radiocommunication and by visual observation that there is no likelihood of collision with another aircraft or a vehicle during take-off; and

  • (c) after take-off, report departing from the aerodrome traffic circuit.

MF Reporting Procedures on Arrival

 The pilot-in-command of a VFR aircraft arriving at an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area shall report

  • (a) before entering the MF area and, where circumstances permit, shall do so at least five minutes before entering the area, giving the aircraft’s position, altitude and estimated time of landing and the pilot-in-command’s arrival procedure intentions;

  • (b) when joining the aerodrome traffic circuit, giving the aircraft’s position in the circuit;

  • (c) when on the downwind leg, if applicable;

  • (d) when on final approach; and

  • (e) when clear of the surface on which the aircraft has landed.

MF Reporting Procedures When Flying Continuous Circuits

 The pilot-in-command of a VFR aircraft carrying out continuous circuits at an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area shall report

  • (a) when joining the downwind leg of the circuit;

  • (b) when on final approach, stating the pilot-in-command’s intentions; and

  • (c) when clear of the surface on which the aircraft has landed.

Reporting Procedures When Flying through an MF Area

 The pilot-in-command of an aircraft flying through an MF area shall report

  • (a) before entering the MF area and, where circumstances permit, shall do so at least five minutes before entering the area, giving the aircraft’s position and altitude and the pilot-in-command’s intentions; and

  • (b) when clear of the MF area.

Reporting Procedures for IFR Aircraft When Approaching or Landing at an Uncontrolled Aerodrome
  •  (1) This section applies to persons operating IFR aircraft when approaching or landing at an uncontrolled aerodrome, whether or not the aerodrome lies within an MF area.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft who intends to conduct an approach to or a landing at an uncontrolled aerodrome shall report

    • (a) the pilot-in-command’s intentions regarding the operation of the aircraft

      • (i) five minutes before the estimated time of commencing the approach procedure, stating the estimated time of landing,

      • (ii) when commencing a circling manoeuvre, and

      • (iii) as soon as practicable after initiating a missed approach procedure; and

    • (b) the aircraft’s position

      • (i) when passing the fix outbound, where the pilot-in-command intends to conduct a procedure turn or, if no procedure turn is intended, when the aircraft first intercepts the final approach course,

      • (ii) when passing the final approach fix or three minutes before the estimated time of landing where no final approach fix exists, and

      • (iii) on final approach.

Noise Operating Criteria

 No person shall operate an aircraft at or in the vicinity of an aerodrome except in accordance with the applicable noise abatement procedures and noise control requirements specified by the Minister in the Canada Air Pilot or Canada Flight Supplement, including the procedures and requirements relating to

  • (a) preferential runways;

  • (b) minimum noise routes;

  • (c) hours when aircraft operations are prohibited or restricted;

  • (d) arrival procedures;

  • (e) departure procedures;

  • (f) duration of flights;

  • (g) the prohibition or restriction of training flights;

  • (h) VFR or visual approaches;

  • (i) simulated approach procedures; and

  • (j) the minimum altitude for the operation of aircraft in the vicinity of the aerodrome.

Noise-restricted Runways
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall operate a subsonic turbo-jet aeroplane that has a maximum certificated take-off weight of more than 34 000 kg (74,956 pounds) on take-off at a noise-restricted runway set out in column II of an item of the table to this section at an aerodrome set out in column I of that item, unless there is on board

    • (a) a certificate of noise compliance issued in respect of the aeroplane under section 507.20; or

    • (b) where the aeroplane is not a Canadian aircraft, a foreign certificate of noise compliance issued by the state of registry that has been validated by the Minister under section 507.23.

    • (c) [Repealed, SOR/2020-151, s. 14]

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply

    • (a) to the extent that it is inconsistent with any obligation assumed by Canada in respect of a foreign state in a treaty, convention or agreement;

    • (b) where the pilot-in-command of an aircraft has declared an emergency; or

    • (c) where an aircraft is operated on

      • (i) an air evacuation operation,

      • (ii) any other emergency air operation , or

      • (iii) a departure from an aerodrome at which it was required to land because of an emergency.

        TABLE

        Column IColumn II
        ItemAerodromeFootnote for TABLE *Noise-restricted Runways for Take-offFootnote for TABLE *
        1Vancouver International Airport08L, 08R, 12, 26R
        2Calgary International Airport07, 10, 16, 25, 28
        3Edmonton City Centre (Blatchford Field) AirportAll runways
        4Edmonton International Airport12
        5Winnipeg / James Armstrong Richardson International Airport13, 18
        6Hamilton Airport06
        7Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport05, 06L, 06R, 15L, 15R
        8Ottawa/Macdonald-Cartier International Airport32
        9Montréal/Pierre Elliott Trudeau International AirportAll runways
        • Return to footnote *Information taken from the aeronautical information publication of NAV CANADA entitled Canada Flight Supplement

 
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