Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-09-27 and last amended on 2017-09-15. Previous Versions

Acquiring and Maintaining Competency

 A private operator shall design its training program so that a person who receives training required under this Subpart

  • (a) will, if the person is receiving the training for the first time, acquire the competency necessary to perform his or her duties; and

  • (b) will, if the person is receiving subsequent training, maintain the competency referred to in paragraph (a) and acquire any new competency necessary to perform his or her duties.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

Training Program Content and Training Facilities

 A private operator shall ensure that any training provided to meet the requirements of this Subpart is

  • (a) based on the content of the private operator’s training program; and

  • (b) provided in facilities that are equipped with the appropriate furnishings, audiovisual equipment and training aids.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

Flight Crew Members — Ground Instruction

  •  (1) The ground instruction component of the training program for flight crew members shall include the following elements:

    • (a) the content of the private operator’s operations manual;

    • (b) the aircraft systems operation and limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual and, if the private operator has established an aircraft operating manual and standard operating procedures, those specified in that manual and in those procedures;

    • (c) the operation of the aircraft equipment;

    • (d) the differences, if any, between the equipment, operation and layout of aircraft of the same type;

    • (e) the standard operating procedures, if any were established by the private operator;

    • (f) the aircraft performance and limitations;

    • (g) weight and balance control procedures;

    • (h) aircraft servicing and ground handling;

    • (i) the location and operation of emergency equipment;

    • (j) the actions to be taken in the event of aircraft fire on the ground or in the air;

    • (k) the actions to be taken in the event of a security-related event;

    • (l) procedures to avoid Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT);

    • (m) if the flight crew members will be assigned to medical evacuation flights (MEDEVAC), emergency procedures specific to medical evacuations, including the evacuation of patients from aircraft; and

    • (n) the private operator’s operational control system.

  • (2) The ground instruction component of the training program for flight crew members shall include training in the performance of the following emergency procedures:

    • (a) the use of fire extinguishers;

    • (b) the operation and use of emergency exits;

    • (c) passenger preparation for an emergency landing or ditching;

    • (d) emergency evacuation procedures;

    • (e) if the flight crew members will be assigned to aircraft equipped with life preservers, the donning and inflation of life preservers;

    • (f) if the flight crew members will be assigned to aircraft equipped with life rafts, the removal of life rafts from the stowage compartment, and the deployment, inflation and boarding of life rafts; and

    • (g) procedures for dealing with pilot incapacitation.

  • (3) If a private operator operates a turbo-jet-powered aeroplane, the ground instruction component of the training program for flight crew members who will operate that aeroplane shall include the following elements:

    • (a) the low-energy landing regime for that type of aeroplane;

    • (b) the performance and handling characteristics of the aeroplane and engine in the low-energy regime; and

    • (c) balked landing procedures for the aeroplane.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

Flight Crew Members — Aircraft Operation Training

  •  (1) The aircraft operation component of the training program for flight crew members shall include procedures for the normal, abnormal and emergency operation of an aircraft and its systems and components, including the following elements:

    • (a) aircraft performance during take-off, climb, cruise, holding, descent, landing and diversion;

    • (b) calculations of the aircraft’s take-off and landing distances and speeds, and the aircraft’s fuel consumption, weight and centre of gravity;

    • (c) the flight characteristics of the aircraft, including any abnormal characteristics that are applicable to the aircraft, such as dutch roll, buffet boundary onset and aircraft upset;

    • (d) the effects of airframe and engine icing and the use of de-icing and anti-icing equipment;

    • (e) flight planning and instrument flight procedures, including

      • (i) departure, enroute, holding, arrival and diversion procedures,

      • (ii) precision, non-precision and missed approaches in minimum visibility conditions, with the flight director in automatic mode and in degraded states of operation, and

      • (iii) circling approaches, if applicable;

    • (f) pre-flight checks of the interior and exterior of the aircraft;

    • (g) the use of aircraft checklists;

    • (h) aircraft manoeuvres on the ground;

    • (i) normal, crosswind, noise abatement and maximum performance take-offs and landings;

    • (j) take-offs and landings on contaminated runways;

    • (k) rejected take-offs and landings;

    • (l) steep turns;

    • (m) approach to a stall and recovery from a stall;

    • (n) the operation of the Flight Management Computer System (FMCS), Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS), Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS), Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS), Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS) and any other specialized equipment installed in the private operator’s aircraft;

    • (o) the execution in VMC of one collision avoidance manoeuvre in response to a GPWS or a TAWS warning, if the aircraft is equipped with a GPWS or a TAWS;

    • (p) the operation of navigation and communication equipment;

    • (q) the actions to be taken in the event of hydraulic, electrical and other system failures;

    • (r) the actions to be taken in the event of flight control failures and, in the case of an aircraft with split control capability, briefings on degraded states of operation while in flight and during take-off and landing;

    • (s) the actions to be taken in the event of aircraft fire on the ground or in the air;

    • (t) the actions to be taken in the event of engine fire and engine failure while in flight;

    • (u) the recognition of and recovery from turbulence and windshear during an approach, landing and take-off;

    • (v) the actions to be taken in the event of an emergency evacuation of passengers and crew;

    • (w) the actions to be taken in the event of pilot incapacitation while in flight and during take-off and landing;

    • (x) crew resource management;

    • (y) if the private operator provides the training using a flight simulator, the performance of one balked landing initiated in the low-energy regime using the same simulator;

    • (z) in the case of a pressurized aircraft, the actions to be taken in the event of loss of pressurization and emergency descent;

    • (z.1) in the case of a three-engine or four-engine aircraft, take-off, landing and flight with the critical engine inoperative or with two other engines inoperative, including driftdown and engine-inoperative performance capabilities; and

    • (z.2) in the case of a helicopter,

      • (i) hovering manoeuvres, slope landings and confined areas,

      • (ii) autorotations,

      • (iii) transmission and main gear box faults and failures, and

      • (iv) tail rotor, tail rotor drive and tail rotor gear box faults and failures.

  • (2) When the training referred to in subsection (1) is provided on board an aircraft in flight, the private operator shall have procedures to ensure that situations are simulated or presented, and actions are simulated or performed, so as to not adversely affect the safety of the aircraft, its occupants or any other person.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.
 
Date modified: