Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-10-13 and last amended on 2017-09-15. Previous Versions

Entering or Leaving an Aircraft in Flight

  •  (1) No person shall enter or leave an aircraft in flight except with the permission of the pilot-in-command of the aircraft.

  • (2) No pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall permit a person to enter or leave the aircraft during flight unless

    • (a) the person leaves for the purpose of making a parachute descent;

    • (b) the entering or leaving is permitted under section 702.19; or

    • (c) the flight is conducted in accordance with

      • (i) a special flight operations certificate-special aviation event issued under section 603.02, or

      • (ii) a special flight operations certificate issued under section 603.67.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 8.

Parachute Descents

 Except where permitted in accordance with section 603.37, no pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall permit, and no person shall conduct, a parachute descent from the aircraft

  • (a) in or into controlled airspace or an air route; or

  • (b) over or into a built-up area or an open-air assembly of persons.

Aerobatic Manoeuvres — Prohibited Areas and Flight Conditions

 No person operating an aircraft shall conduct aerobatic manoeuvres

  • (a) over a built-up area or an open-air assembly of persons;

  • (b) in controlled airspace, except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate issued pursuant to section 603.67;

  • (c) when flight visibility is less than three miles; or

  • (d) below 2,000 feet AGL, except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate issued pursuant to section 603.02 or 603.67.

Aerobatic Manoeuvres with Passengers

 No person operating an aircraft with a passenger on board shall conduct an aerobatic manoeuvre unless the pilot-in-command of the aircraft has engaged in

  • (a) at least 10 hours dual flight instruction in the conducting of aerobatic manoeuvres or 20 hours conducting aerobatic manoeuvres; and

  • (b) at least one hour of conducting aerobatic manoeuvres in the preceding six months.

Hang Glider and Ultra-light Aeroplane Operation

  •  (1) No person shall operate a hang glider or an ultra-light aeroplane

    • (a) at night;

    • (b) in IFR flight;

    • (c) subject to subsections (2) and (3), in controlled airspace;

    • (d) unless the aircraft is equipped with

      • (i) a suitable means of restraint that is attached to the primary structure of the aircraft,

      • (ii) a radiocommunication system adequate to permit two-way communication on the appropriate frequency when the aircraft is operated within

        • (A) Class D airspace,

        • (B) the ADIZ, or

        • (C) an MF area, and

      • (iii) where the aircraft is an ultra-light aeroplane, a placard that is affixed to a surface in plain view of any occupant seated at the flight controls and that states, "THIS AEROPLANE IS OPERATING WITHOUT A CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS/CET AVION EST UTILISÉ SANS CERTIFICAT DE NAVIGABILITÉ";

    • (e) subject to subsections (4) and (5), while carrying another person on board; or

    • (f) unless each person on board

      • (i) is secured by a means of restraint referred to in subparagraph (d)(i), and

      • (ii) where the aircraft is not an advanced ultra-light aeroplane, is wearing a protective helmet.

  • (2) A person may operate a hang glider or an ultra-light aeroplane in controlled airspace

    • (a) within five nautical miles from the centre of an airport or heliport or within a control zone of an uncontrolled airport where the person has obtained permission from the airport or heliport operator;

    • (b) within a control zone of a controlled airport where the person has obtained an air traffic control clearance by two-way radio voice communication from the air traffic control unit of the airport; or

    • (c) where the aircraft is an advanced ultra-light aeroplane, if the aeroplane is equipped in accordance with section 605.14.

  • (3) A person may operate a hang glider in Class E airspace where

    • (a) the pilot

      • (i) is at least 16 years of age,

      • (ii) is in possession of a Category 1, 3 or 4 medical certificate, and

      • (iii) has obtained a grade of not less than 60 per cent on a Department of Transport written examination pertaining to the Canadian Aviation Regulations, air traffic procedures, flight instruments, navigation, flight operations and human factors respecting hang glider operations in Class E airspace;

    • (b) the hang glider is equipped with a magnetic compass and altimeter;

    • (c) the flight is a cross-country flight; and

    • (d) the pilot informs the nearest flight service station of the time of departure and estimated duration of the flight in Class E airspace.

  • (4) A person may operate

    • (a) a hang glider with one other person on board if the flight is conducted for the purpose of providing dual flight instruction; or

    • (b) an ultra-light aeroplane with one other person on board if

      • (i) the flight is conducted for the purpose of providing dual flight instruction,

      • (ii) the pilot is a holder of a pilot permit — ultra-light aeroplane endorsed with a passenger-carrying rating and the aeroplane has no restrictions against carrying another person, or

      • (iii) the other person is a holder of a pilot licence or permit, other than a student pilot permit, that allows them to act as pilot-in-command of an ultra-light aeroplane.

  • (5) A person may operate an advanced ultra-light aeroplane with another person on board where the pilot holds a permit or licence issued pursuant to Subpart 1 of Part IV that is appropriate to the functions or privileges being exercised.

  • SOR/2005-319, s. 7;
  • SOR/2007-87, s. 11.

Fuel Dumping

 No person shall jettison fuel from an aircraft in flight unless

  • (a) it is necessary to do so in order to ensure aviation safety; and

  • (b) all appropriate measures are taken to minimize danger to human life and damage to the environment, insofar as the circumstances permit.

Compliance with Air Traffic Control Instructions and Clearances

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), the pilot-in command of an aircraft shall

    • (a) comply with and acknowledge, to the appropriate air traffic control unit, all of the air traffic control instructions directed to and received by the pilot-in-command; and

    • (b) comply with all of the air traffic control clearances received and accepted by the pilot-in-command and

      • (i) subject to subsection (2), in the case of an IFR flight, read back to the appropriate air traffic control unit the text of any air traffic control clearance received, and

      • (ii) in the case of a VFR flight, read back to the appropriate air traffic control unit the text of any air traffic control clearance received, when so requested by the air traffic control unit.

  • (2) Except if requested to do so by an air traffic control unit, the pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft is not required to read back the text of an air traffic control clearance pursuant to paragraph (1)(b)(i) where

    • (a) the air traffic control clearance is received on the ground by the pilot-in-command before departing from a controlled aerodrome in respect of which a standard instrument departure procedure is specified in the Canada Air Pilot; or

    • (b) the receipt of the air traffic control clearance is acknowledged by the pilot-in-command by electronic means.

  • (3) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft may deviate from an air traffic control clearance or an air traffic control instruction to the extent necessary to carry out a collision avoidance manoeuvre, if the manoeuvre is carried out

    • (a) in accordance with a resolution advisory generated by an ACAS; or

    • (b) in response to an alert from a TAWS or a Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS).

  • (4) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall

    • (a) as soon as possible after initiating the collision avoidance manoeuvre referred to in subsection (3), inform the appropriate air traffic control unit of the deviation; and

    • (b) immediately after completing the collision avoidance manoeuvre referred to in subsection (3), comply with the last air traffic control clearance received and accepted by, or the last air traffic control instruction received and acknowledged by, the pilot-in-command.

  • SOR/2012-136, s. 7.
 
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