Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-10-13 and last amended on 2017-09-15. Previous Versions

Airspeed Limitations

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall

    • (a) operate an aircraft at an indicated airspeed of more than 250 knots if the aircraft is below 10,000 feet ASL; or

    • (b) operate an aircraft at an indicated airspeed of more than 200 knots if the aircraft is below 3,000 feet AGL within 10 nautical miles of a controlled aerodrome unless authorized to do so in an air traffic control clearance.

  • (2) A person may operate an aircraft at an indicated airspeed greater than the airspeeds referred to in subsection (1) if the aircraft is being operated in accordance with a special flight operations certificate – special aviation event issued pursuant to section 603.02.

  • (3) If the minimum safe airspeed for the flight configuration of an aircraft is greater than the airspeed referred to in subsection (1), the aircraft shall be operated at the minimum safe airspeed.

  • SOR/2010-219, s. 2.

Supersonic Flight

 No person shall operate an aircraft at a true Mach number of 1 or greater.

Cruising Altitudes and Cruising Flight Levels

  •  (1) The appropriate cruising altitude or cruising flight level for an aircraft in level cruising flight is determined in accordance with

    • (a) the magnetic track, in the Southern Domestic Airspace; and

    • (b) the true track, in the Northern Domestic Airspace.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), the pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall ensure that the aircraft is operated at a cruising altitude or cruising flight level appropriate to the track, as set out in the table to this section, unless the pilot-in-command is assigned another altitude or flight level by an air traffic control unit and the aircraft is operated in level cruising flight

    • (a) at more than 3,000 feet AGL, in VFR flight; or

    • (b) in IFR flight.

  • (3) Subsection (2) does not apply where an aircraft is operated for the purpose of aerial survey or mapping and the following conditions are met:

    • (a) the pilot-in-command of the aircraft contacts the appropriate air traffic control unit as far in advance as possible of the proposed flight;

    • (b) the pilot-in-command of the aircraft provides, as far in advance as possible of the proposed take-off time of the aircraft, to any air traffic control unit that so requests, a topographical map at either a 1:500 000 or a 1:1 000 000 scale of the area to be surveyed or mapped, with proposed tracks and planned entry and exit points clearly delineated on the map;

    • (c) the pilot-in-command of the aircraft files a flight plan or flight itinerary with an air traffic control unit as far in advance as possible of the proposed take-off time of the aircraft;

    • (d) the flight plan or flight itinerary referred to in paragraph (c) specifies the area to be surveyed or mapped

      • (i) by reference to the relevant maps of the National Topographic System,

      • (ii) by reference to the geographic co-ordinates of the area, or

      • (iii) where required by an air traffic control unit, by reference to the air photograph block reference grid map provided by the air traffic control unit; and

    • (e) where the aircraft is operated in controlled airspace, it is operated in accordance with an air traffic control clearance.

    TABLE

    CRUISING ALTITUDES AND CRUISING FLIGHT LEVELS APPROPRIATE TO AIRCRAFT TRACK

    TRACK

    000° — 179°

    TRACK

    180° — 359°

    Column IColumn IIColumn IIIColumn IV
    IFRVFRIFRVFR
    1,000-Cruising Altitudes or Cruising Flight Levels — 18,000 feet and below2,000-
    3,0003,5004,0004,500
    5,0005,5006,0006,500
    7,0007,5008,0008,500
    9,0009,50010,00010,500
    11,00011,50012,00012,500
    13,00013,50014,00014,500
    15,00015,50016,00016,500
    17,00017,500
    All FlightsAll Flights
    190Cruising Flight Levels — 180 to 590180
    210200
    230220
    250240
    270260
    290280
    330310
    370350
    410390
    450430
    490470
    530510
    570550
    590

Altimeter-setting and Operating Procedures in the Altimeter-setting Region

 When an aircraft is operated in the altimeter-setting region, each flight crew member who occupies a flight crew member position that is equipped with an altimeter shall

  • (a) immediately before conducting a take-off from an aerodrome, set the altimeter to the altimeter setting of the aerodrome or, if that altimeter setting is not obtainable, to the elevation of the aerodrome;

  • (b) while in flight, set the altimeter to the altimeter setting of the nearest station along the route of flight or, where the nearest stations along the route of flight are separated by more than 150 nautical miles, to the altimeter setting of a station near the route of flight; and

  • (c) immediately before commencing a descent for the purpose of landing at an aerodrome, set the altimeter to the altimeter setting of the aerodrome, if that altimeter setting is obtainable.

 
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