Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-09-15. Previous Versions

Instrument Approaches — Landing

 No person shall, in an aircraft operated by a private operator, conduct a landing following an instrument approach unless, immediately before landing, the pilot-in-command ascertains, by means of radiocommunication or visual inspection,

  • (a) the condition of the runway or surface of intended landing; and

  • (b) the wind direction and speed.

  • SOR/2009-280, s. 34;
  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

[604.29 to 604.35 reserved]

 [Repealed, SOR/2005-341, s. 5]

Division III — Flight Operations — Documents

Checklist

  •  (1) A private operator shall provide every crew member with the checklist referred to in paragraph 602.60(1)(a) or with the part of the checklist that is necessary for the performance of the crew member’s duties.

  • (2) Every crew member shall follow, in the performance of his or her duties, the checklist or part of the checklist referred to in subsection (1).

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

Aircraft Operating Manual

  •  (1) A private operator may establish an aircraft operating manual for the operation of its aircraft.

  • (2) An aircraft operating manual shall

    • (a) contain aircraft operating procedures that are consistent with those contained in the aircraft flight manual;

    • (b) contain, if the aircraft flight manual is not carried on board the aircraft, the aircraft performance data and limitations specified in that manual, and clearly identify them as aircraft flight manual requirements;

    • (c) contain the private operator’s standard operating procedures, if any; and

    • (d) identify the aircraft to which it relates.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

Operational Flight Data Sheet

  •  (1) No person shall conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator unless an operational flight data sheet has been prepared and contains the following information:

    • (a) the date of the flight;

    • (b) the aircraft’s nationality mark and registration mark;

    • (c) the name of the pilot-in-command;

    • (d) the departure aerodrome;

    • (e) the destination aerodrome;

    • (f) the alternate aerodrome, if any;

    • (g) the estimated flight time;

    • (h) the fuel endurance;

    • (i) the weight of the fuel on board the aircraft;

    • (j) the zero fuel weight of the aircraft;

    • (k) the take-off weight and centre of gravity of the aircraft;

    • (l) the number of persons on board the aircraft;

    • (m) the proposed time of departure; and

    • (n) the estimated time of arrival.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft referred to in subsection (1) shall, on the completion of each flight, record on the operational flight data sheet the flight time, time of departure, time of arrival and aerodrome of arrival.

  • (3) The private operator shall retain a copy of the operational flight data sheet for at least 180 days after the day on which the flight is completed.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

[604.39 to 604.45 reserved]

Division IV — Flight Operations — Special Authorizations

Minimum Performance Capability of Long-range Navigation Systems

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Division, a long-range navigation system shall have the following performance capability:

    • (a) the standard deviation of the lateral track deviations is less than 6.3 nautical miles;

    • (b) the proportion of the total flight time that is spent by the aircraft at a distance of 30 or more nautical miles from the cleared track is less than 5.3 x 10-4; and

    • (c) the proportion of the total flight time that is spent by the aircraft at a distance of 50 to 70 nautical miles from the cleared track is less than 1.3 x 10-4.

  • (2) For the purposes of this Division, a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receiver is considered to be a long-range navigation system if it is installed in accordance with the requirements of Advisory Circular 20-138B, entitled Airworthiness Approval of Positioning and Navigation Systems, dated September 27, 2010 and published by the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States, as amended from time to time.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

General Prohibition — Special Authorizations

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall carry out any activity referred to in this Division or in respect of which the Minister has established requirements under subsection 604.74(1) unless that person is a private operator.

  • (2) A person other than a private operator may conduct an instrument approach using a GNSS receiver to the following minima:

    • (a) lateral navigation (LNAV);

    • (b) lateral navigation/vertical navigation (LNAV/VNAV);

    • (c) localizer performance without vertical guidance (LP); and

    • (d) localizer performance with vertical guidance (LPV).

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.

No Alternate Aerodrome — IFR Flight

  •  (1) For the purposes of section 602.122, a pilot-in-command may conduct an IFR flight in an aircraft operated by a private operator when an alternate aerodrome has not been designated in the IFR flight plan or in the IFR flight itinerary if

    • (a) the private operator is authorized to do so under a special authorization;

    • (b) the estimated flight time is not more than six hours and the departure aerodrome is located in North America, Bermuda or the Caribbean islands;

    • (c) the forecast or reported weather at the destination aerodrome, from one hour before until one hour after the estimated time of arrival, does not include

      • (i) conditions, including fog or precipitation, that restrict flight visibility to less than three miles,

      • (ii) a thunderstorm,

      • (iii) a ceiling of less than 1,000 feet above the FAF altitude and a ground visibility of less than three miles,

      • (iv) a ceiling of less than 1,500 feet above the minimum descent altitude and a ground visibility of less than six miles, or

      • (v) freezing rain, freezing drizzle or sleet;

    • (d) the destination aerodrome

      • (i) has at least two runways that are

        • (A) operational,

        • (B) separate and not reciprocal directions of the same runway, and

        • (C) suitable for the aircraft on the basis of the aircraft operating procedures, the aircraft performance data and limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual, and the factors that affect the performance of the aircraft, such as atmospheric and surface conditions, and

      • (ii) is equipped with an emergency electrical power supply to operate the equipment and facilities that are essential for a safe landing of the aircraft in the event of a failure of the main electrical power supply; and

    • (e) every flight crew member has received training, for which the validity period has not expired, in the conduct of an IFR flight when an alternate aerodrome has not been designated in the IFR flight plan or in the IFR flight itinerary.

  • (2) If the requirements of paragraphs (1)(a) to (e) are met, and regardless of the departure aerodrome, the pilot-in-command of an aircraft that is operated by a private operator, and that is on a flight to a destination aerodrome in Canada, may file a new IFR flight plan or a new IFR flight itinerary that does not include an alternate aerodrome when the aircraft is within six hours’ flight time of the destination aerodrome.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18.
 
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