Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-08-31. Previous Versions

Enroute IFR Position Reports

  •  (1) The pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft shall transmit position reports over compulsory reporting points specified on an IFR chart unless advised by the appropriate air traffic control unit that the aircraft is radar-identified.

  • (2) A position report transmitted pursuant to subsection (1) shall contain the information specified by the Minister in the Canada Flight Supplement.

  • SOR/2006-77, s. 12.

Take-off Minima

  •  (1) No pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall conduct a take-off if the take-off visibility, as determined in accordance with subsection (2), is below the minimum take-off visibility specified in

    • (a) the air operator certificate where the aircraft is operated in accordance with Part VII;

    • (b) a special authorization issued under subsection 604.05(2); or

    • (c) the Canada Air Pilot in any case other than a case described in paragraph (a) or (b).

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the take-off visibility is

    • (a) the RVR of the runway, if the RVR is reported to be at or above the minimum take-off visibility specified in a document or the manual referred to in subsection (1);

    • (b) the ground visibility of the aerodrome for the runway, if the RVR

      • (i) is reported to be less than the minimum take-off visibility specified in a document or the manual referred to in subsection (1),

      • (ii) is reported to vary between distances less than and greater than the minimum take-off visibility specified in the Canada Air Pilot or a certificate referred to in subsection (1), or

      • (iii) is not reported; or

    • (c) the runway visibility as observed by the pilot-in-command, if

      • (i) the RVR is not reported, and

      • (ii) the ground visibility of the aerodrome is not reported.

  • SOR/2006-199, s. 11;
  • SOR/2014-131, s. 16.

Instrument Approaches

  •  (1) Unless otherwise authorized by the appropriate air traffic control unit, the pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft shall, when conducting an approach to an aerodrome or a runway, ensure that the approach is made in accordance with the instrument approach procedure.

  • (2) No pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft shall commence an instrument approach procedure unless the aircraft altimeter is set to an altimeter setting that is usable at the aerodrome where the approach is to be conducted.

Landing Minima

  •  (1) No pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft shall conduct an instrument approach procedure except in accordance with the minima specified in the Canada Air Pilot or the Restricted Canada Air Pilot.

  • (2) No pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft shall, unless the required visual reference necessary to continue the approach to land has been established,

    • (a) in the case of a CAT I or CAT II precision approach, continue the final approach descent below the decision height; or

    • (b) in the case of a non-precision approach, descend below the minimum descent altitude.

  • (3) Where the pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft conducting an instrument approach does not establish the required visual reference referred to in subsection (2), the pilot-in-command shall initiate a missed approach procedure

    • (a) in the case of a CAT I or CAT II precision approach, at decision height; and

    • (b) in the case of a non-precision approach, at the missed approach point.

  • (4) Notwithstanding anything in this Division, no pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft shall conduct a precision approach to CAT II or CAT III minima unless

    • (a) the flight crew has received the training specified in the Manual of All Weather Operations (Categories II and III); and

    • (b) the aircraft is operated in accordance with the procedures, the equipment requirements and the limitations specified in the manual referred to in paragraph (a).

  • SOR/2006-199, s. 12;
  • SOR/2014-131, s. 17.

Approach Ban — General

  •  (1) This section does not apply in respect of aircraft operated under Part VII.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (4), the RVR with respect to an aeroplane is less than the minimum RVR if

    • (a) where the RVR is measured by RVR “A” and RVR “B”, the RVR measured by RVR “A” for the runway of intended approach is less than 1,200 feet or the RVR measured by RVR “B” for the runway of intended approach is less than 600 feet; or

    • (b) where the RVR is measured by only one of RVR “A” and RVR “B”, the RVR for the runway of intended approach is less than 1,200 feet.

  • (3) For the purposes of subsection (4), the RVR with respect to a helicopter is less than the minimum RVR if

    • (a) where the RVR is measured by RVR “A” and RVR “B”, the RVR measured by RVR “A” for the surface of intended approach is less than 1,200 feet; or

    • (b) where the RVR is measured by only one of RVR “A” and RVR “B”, the RVR for the surface of intended approach is less than 1,200 feet.

  • (4) Where the RVR is reported to be less than the minimum RVR set out in subsection (2) or (3), as applicable, no person shall continue an instrument approach in an IFR aircraft unless

    • (a) at the time the RVR report is received, the aircraft has passed the FAF inbound or, where there is no FAF, the point where the final approach course is intercepted;

    • (b) the aircraft is on a training flight where a landing is not intended and the appropriate air traffic control unit is informed that a missed approach procedure will be initiated at or above the decision height or minimum descent altitude, as appropriate;

    • (c) the RVR is varying between distances less than and greater than the minimum RVR;

    • (d) the RVR is less than the minimum RVR, and the ground visibility at the aerodrome where the runway is located is reported to be at least one quarter of a mile; or

    • (e) the pilot-in-command of the aircraft is conducting a precision approach to CAT III minima.

  • (5) No pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft shall commence a non-precision approach, an APV or a CAT I or CAT II precision approach to an airport where low-visibility procedures are in effect.

  • SOR/2006-199, s. 13.

Approach Ban — CAT III Precision

  •  (1) This section does not apply in respect of aircraft operated under Part VII.

  • (2) No person shall continue a CAT III precision approach in an IFR aircraft beyond the FAF inbound or, where there is no FAF, the point where the final approach course is intercepted, unless the RVR reported is equal to or greater than the minimum RVR specified in the Canada Air Pilot in respect of the runway or surface of intended approach for the instrument approach procedure conducted.

  • SOR/2006-199, s. 13.

Runway Visibility

  •  (1) When no reading from RVR “A” or RVR “B” for the runway of intended approach is available, runway visibility is assessed

    • (a) by a pilot holding an instrument rating and in the manner set out in section 622.131 of Standard 622 — Pilot Assessment of Runway Visibility Standards of the General Operating and Flight Rules Standards; or

    • (b) by a person qualified in accordance with section 804.26 and in the manner set out in section 804.25.

  • (2) The assessment of runway visibility is valid only for a period of 20 minutes after it is established.

  • SOR/2006-199, s. 14;
  • SOR/2015-160, s. 28(F).

[602.132 reserved]

Division VIII — Radiocommunications

Language Used in Aeronautical Radiocommunications

 English and French are the languages of aeronautical radiocommunication in Canada.

 
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