Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-09-15. Previous Versions

VFR and IFR Aircraft Operations at Uncontrolled Aerodromes within an MF Area

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), no pilot-in-command shall operate a VFR or IFR aircraft within an MF area unless the aircraft is equipped with radiocommunication equipment pursuant to Subpart 5.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of a VFR or IFR aircraft operating within an MF area shall maintain a listening watch on the mandatory frequency specified for use in the MF area.

  • (3) The pilot-in-command of a VFR aircraft that is not equipped with the radiocommunication equipment referred to in subsection (1) may operate the aircraft to or from an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area if

    • (a) a ground station is in operation at the aerodrome;

    • (b) prior notice of the pilot-in-command’s intention to operate the aircraft at the aerodrome has been given to the ground station;

    • (c) when conducting a take-off, the pilot-in-command ascertains by visual observation that there is no likelihood of collision with another aircraft or a vehicle during take-off; and

    • (d) when approaching for a landing, the aircraft enters the aerodrome traffic circuit from a position that will require it to complete two sides of a rectangular circuit before turning onto the final approach path.

General MF Reporting Requirements

  •  (1) Every report made pursuant to this Division shall be made on the mandatory frequency that has been specified for use in the applicable MF area.

  • (2) Every report referred to in subsection (1) shall be

    • (a) directed to the ground station associated with the MF area, if a ground station exists and is in operation; or

    • (b) broadcast, if a ground station does not exist or is not in operation.

MF Reporting Procedures before Entering Manoeuvring Area

 The pilot-in-command of a VFR or IFR aircraft that is operated at an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area shall report the pilot-in-command’s intentions before entering the manoeuvring area of the aerodrome.

MF Reporting Procedures on Departure

 The pilot-in-command of a VFR or IFR aircraft that is departing from an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area shall

  • (a) before moving onto the take-off surface, report the pilot-in-command’s departure procedure intentions;

  • (b) before take-off, ascertain by radiocommunication and by visual observation that there is no likelihood of collision with another aircraft or a vehicle during take-off; and

  • (c) after take-off, report departing from the aerodrome traffic circuit.

MF Reporting Procedures on Arrival

 The pilot-in-command of a VFR aircraft arriving at an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area shall report

  • (a) before entering the MF area and, where circumstances permit, shall do so at least five minutes before entering the area, giving the aircraft’s position, altitude and estimated time of landing and the pilot-in-command’s arrival procedure intentions;

  • (b) when joining the aerodrome traffic circuit, giving the aircraft’s position in the circuit;

  • (c) when on the downwind leg, if applicable;

  • (d) when on final approach; and

  • (e) when clear of the surface on which the aircraft has landed.

MF Reporting Procedures When Flying Continuous Circuits

 The pilot-in-command of a VFR aircraft carrying out continuous circuits at an uncontrolled aerodrome that lies within an MF area shall report

  • (a) when joining the downwind leg of the circuit;

  • (b) when on final approach, stating the pilot-in-command’s intentions; and

  • (c) when clear of the surface on which the aircraft has landed.

Reporting Procedures When Flying through an MF Area

 The pilot-in-command of an aircraft flying through an MF area shall report

  • (a) before entering the MF area and, where circumstances permit, shall do so at least five minutes before entering the area, giving the aircraft’s position and altitude and the pilot-in-command’s intentions; and

  • (b) when clear of the MF area.

Reporting Procedures for IFR Aircraft When Approaching or Landing at an Uncontrolled Aerodrome

  •  (1) This section applies to persons operating IFR aircraft when approaching or landing at an uncontrolled aerodrome, whether or not the aerodrome lies within an MF area.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of an IFR aircraft who intends to conduct an approach to or a landing at an uncontrolled aerodrome shall report

    • (a) the pilot-in-command’s intentions regarding the operation of the aircraft

      • (i) five minutes before the estimated time of commencing the approach procedure, stating the estimated time of landing,

      • (ii) when commencing a circling manoeuvre, and

      • (iii) as soon as practicable after initiating a missed approach procedure; and

    • (b) the aircraft’s position

      • (i) when passing the fix outbound, where the pilot-in-command intends to conduct a procedure turn or, if no procedure turn is intended, when the aircraft first intercepts the final approach course,

      • (ii) when passing the final approach fix or three minutes before the estimated time of landing where no final approach fix exists, and

      • (iii) on final approach.

Noise Operating Criteria

 No person shall operate an aircraft at or in the vicinity of an aerodrome except in accordance with the applicable noise abatement procedures and noise control requirements specified by the Minister in the Canada Air Pilot or Canada Flight Supplement, including the procedures and requirements relating to

  • (a) preferential runways;

  • (b) minimum noise routes;

  • (c) hours when aircraft operations are prohibited or restricted;

  • (d) arrival procedures;

  • (e) departure procedures;

  • (f) duration of flights;

  • (g) the prohibition or restriction of training flights;

  • (h) VFR or visual approaches;

  • (i) simulated approach procedures; and

  • (j) the minimum altitude for the operation of aircraft in the vicinity of the aerodrome.

Noise-restricted Runways

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall operate a subsonic turbo-jet aeroplane that has a maximum certificated take-off weight of more than 34 000 kg (74,956 pounds) on take-off at a noise-restricted runway set out in column II of an item of the table to this section at an aerodrome set out in column I of that item, unless there is on board

    • (a) a certificate of airworthiness indicating that the aeroplane meets the applicable noise emission standards;

    • (b) a certificate of noise compliance issued in respect of the aeroplane; or

    • (c) where the aeroplane is not a Canadian aircraft, a document issued by the state of registry that specifies that the aeroplane meets the applicable noise emission requirements of that state.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply

    • (a) to the extent that it is inconsistent with any obligation assumed by Canada in respect of a foreign state in a treaty, convention or agreement;

    • (b) where the pilot-in-command of an aircraft has declared an emergency; or

    • (c) where an aircraft is operated on

      • (i) an air evacuation operation,

      • (ii) any other emergency air operation , or

      • (iii) a departure from an aerodrome at which it was required to land because of an emergency.

        TABLE

        ItemColumn IColumn II
        AerodromeFootnote for TABLE *Noise-restricted Runways for Take-offFootnote for TABLE *
        1Vancouver International Airport08L, 08R, 12, 26R
        2Calgary International Airport07, 10, 16, 25, 28
        3Edmonton City Centre (Blatchford Field) AirportAll runways
        4Edmonton International Airport12
        5Winnipeg / James Armstrong Richardson International Airport13, 18
        6Hamilton Airport06
        7Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport05, 06L, 06R, 15L, 15R
        8Ottawa/Macdonald-Cartier International Airport32
        9Montréal/Pierre Elliott Trudeau International AirportAll runways
        • Return to footnote *Information taken from the aeronautical information publication of the Department of Transport entitled Canada Flight Supplement

  • SOR/99-470, s. 1;
  • SOR/2004-29, s. 5;
  • SOR/2005-169, s. 1;
  • SOR/2009-167, s. 5.
 
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