Function and Reliability Test Flights
521.47 (1) Subject to subsection (3), an applicant for a type certificate in respect of an aircraft shall conduct one or more function and reliability test flights in order to demonstrate to the Minister that the aircraft, its components and its equipment are reliable and function properly.
(2) A function and reliability test flight shall consist of
(a) in the case of an aircraft that uses a turbine engine of a type not previously used in an aircraft for which a type certificate has been issued, at least 300 hours of operation of the aircraft with a full complement of engines that conform to a type certificate or to an equivalent certificate issued by the airworthiness authority of a foreign state with which Canada has an airworthiness agreement or similar arrangement; or
(b) in the case of every other aircraft, at least 150 hours of operation of the aircraft.
(3) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of
(a) the following aircraft:
(i) aeroplanes having a MCTOW of 2 720 kg (6,000 pounds) or less,
(iii) airships having a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of nine or less,
(iv) manned free balloons, or
(v) restricted category aircraft; or
(b) a change to a type design, unless otherwise determined by the Minister taking into consideration the certification plan submitted under paragraph 521.28(d).
- SOR/2009-280, s. 26.
Issuance of a Type Certificate
521.57 (1) Subject to section 6.71 of the Act, the Minister shall issue a type certificate in respect of an aeronautical product if the applicant
(a) submits the declaration required under paragraph 521.33(b);
(b) submits a signed undertaking to carry out the responsibilities specified in Division VIII; and
(c) meets the requirements set out in subsection (2) or (3) in respect of the category of the aeronautical product.
(2) An applicant for a type certificate in respect of an aeronautical product other than a restricted category aircraft shall demonstrate to the Minister that
(a) the type design of the aeronautical product conforms to its certification basis;
(b) in the case of an aircraft, no feature or characteristic makes the aircraft unsafe, taking into account the category in which certification is requested;
(c) subject to paragraph (d), any test flights required under paragraph 521.44(c) and section 521.47 have been conducted; and
(d) if the function and reliability test flights required under section 521.47 have not been completed, a program exists to ensure their completion before the later of the delivery of the first aircraft and the issuance of the certificate of airworthiness.
(3) An applicant for a type certificate in respect of a restricted category aircraft shall demonstrate to the Minister that
(a) no feature or characteristic makes the aircraft unsafe when that aircraft is operated within the limitations specified for its intended use; and
(b) the aircraft
(i) has a type design that conforms to its certification basis, or
(ii) is of a type manufactured in accordance with the requirements of, and accepted for use by, the Department of National Defence and has been modified for its intended use.
- SOR/2009-280, s. 26.
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