Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2017-09-27 and last amended on 2017-09-15. Previous Versions

General Conditions of Air Operator Certificate

 An air operator certificate shall contain the following general conditions:

  • (a) the air operator shall conduct flight operations in accordance with its company operations manual;

  • (b) the air operator shall maintain an adequate organizational structure;

  • (c) the air operator shall employ managerial personnel who meet the Commercial Air Service Standards;

  • (d) the air operator shall conduct training in accordance with its training program approved pursuant to this Subpart;

  • (e) the air operator shall maintain aircraft that are properly equipped for the area of operation and the type of operation;

  • (f) the air operator shall employ crew members who are qualified for the area of operation and the type of operation;

  • (g) the air operator shall maintain its aircraft in accordance with the requirements of Subpart 6;

  • (h) the air operator shall maintain operational support services and equipment that meet the Commercial Air Service Standards;

  • (i) the air operator shall notify the Minister within 10 working days after

    • (i) changing its legal name, its trade name, its main base, a sub-base, a scheduled point, or its managerial personnel, or

    • (ii) ceasing to operate a type of aircraft authorized under this Subpart; and

  • (j) the air operator shall conduct a safe operation.

  • SOR/2009-152, s. 8.

[703.10 to 703.13 reserved]

Division III — Flight Operations

Operating Instructions

  •  (1) An air operator shall ensure that all operations personnel are properly instructed about their duties and about the relationship of their duties to the operation as a whole.

  • (2) The operations personnel of an air operator shall follow the procedures specified in the air operator’s company operations manual in the performance of their duties.

Scheduled Air Service Requirements

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every air operator that operates a scheduled air service for the purpose of transporting persons shall operate the service between airports or heliports or between an airport or heliport and a military aerodrome.

  • (2) An air operator may operate a scheduled air service for the purpose of transporting persons between an airport and an aerodrome other than a military aerodrome or between two aerodromes if the air operator is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate.

  • SOR/2007-87, s. 14.

Operational Control System

 No air operator shall operate an aircraft unless the air operator has an operational control system that meets the Commercial Air Service Standards and is under the control of its operations manager.

Flight Authorization

 No person shall commence a flight unless the flight has been authorized in accordance with the procedures specified in the air operator’s company operations manual.

Operational Flight Plan

  •  (1) No air operator shall permit a person to commence a flight unless an operational flight plan that meets the Commercial Air Service Standards has been prepared in accordance with the procedures specified in the air operator’s company operations manual.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft shall ensure that a copy of the operational flight plan is left at a point of departure, in accordance with the procedures specified in the company operations manual.

  • (3) An air operator shall retain a copy of the operational flight plan, including any amendments to that plan, for the period specified in the company operations manual.

Maintenance of Aircraft

 No air operator shall permit a person to conduct a take-off in an aircraft that has not been maintained in accordance with the air operator’s maintenance control system.

Fuel Requirements

 No air operator shall authorize a flight and no person shall commence a flight unless the aircraft carries sufficient fuel to meet the fuel requirements of Part VI and to allow the aircraft

  • (a) in the case of an aeroplane operated in IFR flight,

    • (i) to descend at any point along the route to the lower of

      • (A) the single-engined service ceiling, or

      • (B) 10,000 feet,

    • (ii) to cruise at the altitude referred to in subparagraph (i) to a suitable aerodrome,

    • (iii) to conduct an approach and a missed approach, and

    • (iv) to hold for 30 minutes at an altitude of 1,500 feet above the elevation of the aerodrome selected in accordance with subparagraph (ii); and

  • (b) in the case of a helicopter operated in night VFR flight, to fly to the destination aerodrome and then to fly for 30 minutes at normal cruising speed.

Admission to Pilot’s Compartment

  •  (1) Where a Department of Transport air carrier inspector presents an official identity card to the pilot-in-command of an aircraft, the pilot-in-command shall give the inspector free and uninterrupted access to the pilot’s compartment of the aircraft.

  • (2) An air operator and the pilot-in-command shall make available for the use of the air carrier inspector the seat most suitable to perform the inspector’s duties, as determined by the inspector.

Transport of Passengers in Single-engined Aircraft

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no air operator shall operate a single-engined aircraft with passengers on board in IFR flight or in night VFR flight.

  • (2) An air operator may operate a single-engined aircraft with passengers on board in IFR flight or in night VFR flight if the air operator

    • (a) is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate; and

    • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Aircraft Operating over Water

 No air operator shall, except when conducting a take-off or landing, operate a land aircraft over water, beyond a point where the land aircraft could reach shore in the event of an engine failure, unless the air operator

  • (a) is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate; and

  • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Number of Passengers in Single-engined Aircraft

 No air operator shall operate a single-engined aircraft with more than nine passengers on board unless

  • (a) the aircraft is a transport category helicopter;

  • (b) the air operator is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate; and

  • (c) the air operator complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Carriage of External Loads

 Except where carriage of an external load has been authorized in a type certificate or supplemental type certificate, no air operator shall operate an aircraft to carry an external load with passengers on board.

Simulation of Emergency Situations

 No person shall, where passengers are on board an aircraft, simulate emergency situations that could affect the flight characteristics of the aircraft.

VFR Flight Obstacle Clearance Requirements

 Except when conducting a take-off or landing, no person shall operate an aircraft in VFR flight

  • (a) at night, at less than 1,000 feet above the highest obstacle located within a horizontal distance of three miles from the route to be flown; or

  • (b) where the aircraft is an aeroplane, during the day, at less than 300 feet AGL or at a horizontal distance of less than 300 feet from any obstacle.

VFR Flight Minimum Flight Visibility — Uncontrolled Airspace

  •  (1) Where an aeroplane is operated in day VFR flight within uncontrolled airspace at less than 1,000 feet AGL, a person may, for the purposes of subparagraph 602.115(c)(i), operate the aeroplane when flight visibility is less than two miles if the person

    • (a) is authorized to do so in an air operator certificate; and

    • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (2) Where a helicopter is operated in day VFR flight within uncontrolled airspace at less than 1,000 feet AGL, a person may, for the purposes of subparagraph 602.115(d)(i), operate the helicopter when flight visibility is less than one mile if the person

    • (a) is authorized to do so in an air operator certificate; and

    • (b) complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

 
Date modified: