Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2015-06-09 and last amended on 2015-04-10. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Murder reduced to manslaughter
  •  (1) Culpable homicide that otherwise would be murder may be reduced to manslaughter if the person who committed it did so in the heat of passion caused by sudden provocation.

  • Marginal note:What is provocation

    (2) A wrongful act or an insult that is of such a nature as to be sufficient to deprive an ordinary person of the power of self-control is provocation for the purposes of this section if the accused acted on it on the sudden and before there was time for his passion to cool.

  • Marginal note:Questions of fact

    (3) For the purposes of this section, the questions

    • (a) whether a particular wrongful act or insult amounted to provocation, and

    • (b) whether the accused was deprived of the power of self-control by the provocation that he alleges he received,

    are questions of fact, but no one shall be deemed to have given provocation to another by doing anything that he had a legal right to do, or by doing anything that the accused incited him to do in order to provide the accused with an excuse for causing death or bodily harm to any human being.

  • Marginal note:Death during illegal arrest

    (4) Culpable homicide that otherwise would be murder is not necessarily manslaughter by reason only that it was committed by a person who was being arrested illegally, but the fact that the illegality of the arrest was known to the accused may be evidence of provocation for the purpose of this section.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 215.
Marginal note:Infanticide

 A female person commits infanticide when by a wilful act or omission she causes the death of her newly-born child, if at the time of the act or omission she is not fully recovered from the effects of giving birth to the child and by reason thereof or of the effect of lactation consequent on the birth of the child her mind is then disturbed.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 216.
Marginal note:Manslaughter

 Culpable homicide that is not murder or infanticide is manslaughter.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 217.
Marginal note:Punishment for murder
  •  (1) Every one who commits first degree murder or second degree murder is guilty of an indictable offence and shall be sentenced to imprisonment for life.

  • Marginal note:Minimum punishment

    (2) For the purposes of Part XXIII, the sentence of imprisonment for life prescribed by this section is a minimum punishment.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 218;
  • 1973-74, c. 38, s. 3;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 105, s. 5.
Marginal note:Manslaughter

 Every person who commits manslaughter is guilty of an indictable offence and liable

  • (a) where a firearm is used in the commission of the offence, to imprisonment for life and to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of four years; and

  • (b) in any other case, to imprisonment for life.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 236;
  • 1995, c. 39, s. 142.