Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2015-07-09 and last amended on 2015-06-23. Previous Versions

Cattle and Other Animals

Marginal note:Injuring or endangering cattle
  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who wilfully

    • (a) kills, maims, wounds, poisons or injures cattle; or

    • (b) places poison in such a position that it may easily be consumed by cattle.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every one who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

    • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

    • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term of not more than eighteen months or to both.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 444;
  • 2008, c. 12, s. 1.
Marginal note:Injuring or endangering other animals
  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who, wilfully and without lawful excuse,

    • (a) kills, maims, wounds, poisons or injures dogs, birds or animals that are not cattle and are kept for a lawful purpose; or

    • (b) places poison in such a position that it may easily be consumed by dogs, birds or animals that are not cattle and are kept for a lawful purpose.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every one who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

    • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

    • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term of not more than eighteen months or to both.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 445;
  • 2008, c. 12, s. 1.
Marginal note:Killing or injuring certain animals
  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who, wilfully and without lawful excuse, kills, maims, wounds, poisons or injures a law enforcement animal while it is aiding a law enforcement officer in carrying out that officer’s duties, a military animal while it is aiding a member of the Canadian Forces in carrying out that member’s duties or a service animal.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every one who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of

    • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years and, if a law enforcement animal is killed in the commission of the offence, to a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of six months; or

    • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months or to both.

  • Marginal note:Sentences to be served consecutively

    (3) A sentence imposed on a person for an offence under subsection (1) committed against a law enforcement animal shall be served consecutively to any other punishment imposed on the person for an offence arising out of the same event or series of events.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (4) The following definitions apply in this section.

    “law enforcement animal”

    « animal d’assistance policière »

    “law enforcement animal” means a dog or horse that is trained to aid a law enforcement officer in carrying out that officer’s duties.

    “law enforcement officer”

    « agent de contrôle d’application de la loi »

    “law enforcement officer” means a police officer, a police constable or any person referred to in paragraph (b), (c.1), (d), (d.1), (e) or (g) of the definition “peace officer” in section 2.

    “military animal”

    « animal d’assistance militaire »

    “military animal” means an animal that is trained to aid a member of the Canadian Forces in carrying out that member’s duties.

    “service animal”

    « animal d’assistance »

    “service animal” means an animal that is required by a person with a disability for assistance and is certified, in writing, as having been trained by a professional service animal institution to assist a person with a disability.

  • 2015, c. 34, s. 3.