Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-06-06 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Order restricting publication — sexual offences
  •  (1) Where a Review Board holds a hearing referred to in section 672.5 in respect of an accused who has been declared not crimi­nally responsible on account of mental disorder or unfit to stand trial for an offence referred to in subsection 486.4(1), the Review Board shall make an order directing that any information that could identify a victim, or a witness who is under the age of eighteen years, shall not be published in any document or broadcast or transmitted in any way.

  • Marginal note:Order restricting publication — child pornography

    (2) Where a Review Board holds a hearing referred to in section 672.5 in respect of an accused who has been declared not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder or unfit to stand trial for an offence referred to in section 163.1, a Review Board shall make an order directing that any information that could identify a witness who is under the age of eighteen years, or any person who is the subject of a representation, written material or a recording that constitutes child pornography within the meaning of section 163.1, shall not be published in any document or broadcast or transmitted in any way.

  • Marginal note:Order restricting publication — other offences

    (3) Where a Review Board holds a hearing referred to in section 672.5 in respect of an accused who has been declared not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder or unfit to stand trial for an offence other than the offences referred to in subsection (1) or (2), on application of the prosecutor, a victim or a witness, the Review Board may make an order directing that any information that could identify the victim or witness shall not be published in any document or broadcast or transmitted in any way if the Review Board is satisfied that the order is necessary for the proper administration of justice.

  • Marginal note:Order restricting publication

    (4) An order made under any of subsections (1) to (3) does not apply in respect of the disclosure of information in the course of the administration of justice if it is not the purpose of the disclosure to make the information known in the community.

  • Marginal note:Application and notice

    (5) An applicant for an order under subsection (3) shall

    • (a) apply in writing to the Review Board; and

    • (b) provide notice of the application to the prosecutor, the accused and any other person affected by the order that the Review Board specifies.

  • Marginal note:Grounds

    (6) An applicant for an order under subsection (3) shall set out the grounds on which the applicant relies to establish that the order is necessary for the proper administration of justice.

  • Marginal note:Hearing may be held

    (7) The Review Board may hold a hearing to determine whether an order under subsection (3) should be made, and the hearing may be in private.

  • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

    (8) In determining whether to make an order under subsection (3), the Review Board shall consider

    • (a) the right to a fair and public hearing;

    • (b) whether there is a real and substantial risk that the victim or witness would suffer significant harm if their identity were disclosed;

    • (c) whether the victim or witness needs the order for their security or to protect them from intimidation or retaliation;

    • (d) society’s interest in encouraging the reporting of offences and the participation of victims and witnesses in the criminal justice process;

    • (e) whether effective alternatives are available to protect the identity of the victim or witness;

    • (f) the salutary and deleterious effects of the proposed order;

    • (g) the impact of the proposed order on the freedom of expression of those affected by it; and

    • (h) any other factor that the Review Board considers relevant.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (9) An order made under subsection (3) may be subject to any conditions that the Review Board thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Publication of application prohibited

    (10) Unless the Review Board refuses to make an order under subsection (3), no person shall publish in any document or broadcast or transmit in any way

    • (a) the contents of an application;

    • (b) any evidence taken, information given or submissions made at a hearing under subsection (7); or

    • (c) any other information that could identify the person to whom the application relates as a victim or witness in the proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Offence

    (11) Every person who fails to comply with an order made under any of subsections (1) to (3) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Application of order

    (12) For greater certainty, an order referred to in subsection (11) also prohibits, in relation to proceedings taken against any person who fails to comply with the order, the publication in any document or the broadcasting or transmission in any way of information that could identify a victim or witness whose identity is protected by the order.

  • 2005, c. 22, ss. 17, 64.

Definition of disposition information

  •  (1) In this section, disposition information means all or part of an assessment report submitted to the court or Review Board and any other written information before the court or Review Board about the accused that is relevant to making or reviewing a disposition.

  • Marginal note:Disposition information to be made available to parties

    (2) Subject to this section, all disposition information shall be made available for inspection by, and the court or Review Board shall provide a copy of it to, each party and any counsel representing the accused.

  • Marginal note:Exception where disclosure dangerous to any person

    (3) The court or Review Board shall withhold some or all of the disposition information from an accused where it is satisfied, on the basis of that information and the evidence or report of the medical practitioner responsible for the assessment or treatment of the accused, that disclosure of the information would be likely to endanger the life or safety of another person or would seriously impair the treatment or recovery of the accused.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (4) Notwithstanding subsection (3), the court or Review Board may release some or all of the disposition information to an accused where the interests of justice make disclosure essential in its opinion.

  • Marginal note:Exception where disclosure unnecessary or prejudicial

    (5) The court or Review Board shall withhold disposition information from a party other than the accused or an Attorney General, where disclosure to that party, in the opinion of the court or Review Board, is not necessary to the proceeding and may be prejudicial to the accused.

  • Marginal note:Exclusion of certain persons from hearing

    (6) A court or Review Board that withholds disposition information from the accused or any other party pursuant to subsection (3) or (5) shall exclude the accused or the other party, as the case may be, from the hearing during

    • (a) the oral presentation of that disposition information; or

    • (b) the questioning by the court or Review Board or the cross-examination of any person concerning that disposition information.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition of disclosure in certain cases

    (7) No disposition information shall be made available for inspection or disclosed to any person who is not a party to the proceedings

    • (a) where the disposition information has been withheld from the accused or any other party pursuant to subsection (3) or (5); or

    • (b) where the court or Review Board is of the opinion that disclosure of the disposition information would be seriously prejudicial to the accused and that, in the circumstances, protection of the accused takes precedence over the public interest in disclosure.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (8) No part of the record of the proceedings in respect of which the accused was excluded pursuant to subparagraph 672.5(10)(b)(ii) or (iii) shall be made available for inspection to the accused or to any person who is not a party to the proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Information to be made available to specified persons

    (9) Notwithstanding subsections (7) and (8), the court or Review Board may make any disposition information, or a copy of it, available on request to any person or member of a class of persons

    • (a) that has a valid interest in the information for research or statistical purposes, where the court or Review Board is satisfied that disclosure is in the public interest;

    • (b) that has a valid interest in the information for the purposes of the proper administration of justice; or

    • (c) that the accused requests or authorizes in writing to inspect it, where the court or Review Board is satisfied that the person will not disclose or give to the accused a copy of any disposition information withheld from the accused pursuant to subsection (3), or of any part of the record of proceedings referred to in subsection (8), or that the reasons for withholding that information from the accused no longer exist.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure for research or statistical purposes

    (10) A person to whom the court or Review Board makes disposition information available under paragraph (9)(a) may disclose it for research or statistical purposes, but not in any form or manner that could reasonably be expected to identify any person to whom it relates.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition on publication

    (11) No person shall publish in any document or broadcast or transmit in any way

    • (a) any disposition information that is prohibited from being disclosed pursuant to subsection (7); or

    • (b) any part of the record of the proceedings in respect of which the accused was excluded pursuant to subparagraph 672.5(10)(b)(ii) or (iii).

  • Marginal note:Powers of courts not limited

    (12) Except as otherwise provided in this section, nothing in this section limits the powers that a court may exercise apart from this section.

  • 1991, c. 43, s. 4;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 85;
  • 2005, c. 22, ss. 18, 42(F), c. 32, s. 22;
  • 2014, c. 6, s. 8.
 
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