Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-10-27 and last amended on 2014-09-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Offence outside Canada

 Subject to this or any other Act of Parliament, where an act or omission is committed outside Canada and the act or omission is an offence when committed outside Canada under this or any other Act of Parliament, proceedings in respect of the offence may, whether or not the accused is in Canada, be commenced, and an accused may be charged, tried and punished within any territorial division in Canada in the same manner as if the offence had been committed in that territorial division.

  • 1996, c. 31, s. 72;
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 10.
Marginal note:Appearance of accused at trial

 For greater certainty, the provisions of this Act relating to

  • (a) the requirement of the appearance of an accused at proceedings, and

  • (b) the exceptions to that requirement

apply to proceedings commenced in any territorial division pursuant to section 481, 481.1 or 481.2.

  • 1996, c. 31, s. 72.

Rules of Court

Marginal note:Power to make rules
  •  (1) Every superior court of criminal jurisdiction and every court of appeal may make rules of court not inconsistent with this or any other Act of Parliament, and any rules so made apply to any prosecution, proceeding, action or appeal, as the case may be, within the jurisdiction of that court, instituted in relation to any matter of a criminal nature or arising from or incidental to any such prosecution, proceeding, action or appeal.

  • Marginal note:Power to make rules

    (2) The following courts may, subject to the approval of the lieutenant governor in council of the relevant province, make rules of court not inconsistent with this Act or any other Act of Parliament that are applicable to any prosecution, proceeding, including a preliminary inquiry or proceedings within the meaning of Part XXVII, action or appeal, as the case may be, within the jurisdiction of that court, instituted in relation to any matter of a criminal nature or arising from or incidental to the prosecution, proceeding, action or appeal:

    • (a) every court of criminal jurisdiction for a province;

    • (b) every appeal court within the meaning of section 812 that is not a court referred to in subsection (1);

    • (c) the Ontario Court of Justice;

    • (d) the Court of Quebec and every municipal court in the Province of Quebec;

    • (e) the Provincial Court of Nova Scotia;

    • (f) the Provincial Court of New Brunswick;

    • (g) the Provincial Court of Manitoba;

    • (h) the Provincial Court of British Columbia;

    • (i) the Provincial Court of Prince Edward Island;

    • (j) the Provincial Court of Saskatchewan;

    • (k) the Provincial Court of Alberta;

    • (l) the Provincial Court of Newfoundland;

    • (m) the Territorial Court of Yukon;

    • (n) the Territorial Court of the Northwest Territories; and

    • (o) the Nunavut Court of Justice.

  • Marginal note:Purpose of rules

    (3) Rules under subsection (1) or (2) may be made

    • (a) generally to regulate the duties of the officers of the court and any other matter considered expedient to attain the ends of justice and carry into effect the provisions of the law;

    • (b) to regulate the sittings of the court or any division thereof, or of any judge of the court sitting in chambers, except in so far as they are regulated by law;

    • (c) to regulate the pleading, practice and procedure in criminal matters, including pre-hearing conferences held under section 625.1, proceedings with respect to judicial interim release and preliminary inquiries and, in the case of rules under subsection (1), proceedings with respect to mandamus, certiorari, habeas corpus, prohibition and procedendo and proceedings on an appeal under section 830; and

    • (d) to carry out the provisions of this Act relating to appeals from conviction, acquittal or sentence and, without restricting the generality of this paragraph,

      • (i) for furnishing necessary forms and instructions in relation to notices of appeal or applications for leave to appeal to officials or other persons requiring or demanding them,

      • (ii) for ensuring the accuracy of notes taken at a trial and the verification of any copy or transcript,

      • (iii) for keeping writings, exhibits or other things connected with the proceedings on the trial,

      • (iv) for securing the safe custody of property during the period in which the operation of an order with respect to that property is suspended under subsection 689(1), and

      • (v) for providing that the Attorney General and counsel who acted for the Attorney General at the trial be supplied with certified copies of writings, exhibits and things connected with the proceedings that are required for the purposes of their duties.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (4) Rules of court that are made under the authority of this section shall be published in the Canada Gazette.

  • Marginal note:Regulations to secure uniformity

    (5) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the Governor in Council may make such provision as he considers proper to secure uniformity in the rules of court in criminal matters, and all uniform rules made under the authority of this subsection prevail and have effect as if enacted by this Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 482;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 66;
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 35;
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 17.