Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-09-29 and last amended on 2014-09-19. Previous Versions

Assaults

Marginal note:Uttering threats
  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who, in any manner, knowingly utters, conveys or causes any person to receive a threat

    • (a) to cause death or bodily harm to any person;

    • (b) to burn, destroy or damage real or personal property; or

    • (c) to kill, poison or injure an animal or bird that is the property of any person.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every one who commits an offence under paragraph (1)(a) is guilty of

    • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years; or

    • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding eighteen months.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) Every one who commits an offence under paragraph (1)(b) or (c)

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 38;
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 16.
Marginal note:Assault
  •  (1) A person commits an assault when

    • (a) without the consent of another person, he applies force intentionally to that other person, directly or indirectly;

    • (b) he attempts or threatens, by an act or a gesture, to apply force to another person, if he has, or causes that other person to believe on reasonable grounds that he has, present ability to effect his purpose; or

    • (c) while openly wearing or carrying a weapon or an imitation thereof, he accosts or impedes another person or begs.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) This section applies to all forms of assault, including sexual assault, sexual assault with a weapon, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm and aggravated sexual assault.

  • Marginal note:Consent

    (3) For the purposes of this section, no consent is obtained where the complainant submits or does not resist by reason of

    • (a) the application of force to the complainant or to a person other than the complainant;

    • (b) threats or fear of the application of force to the complainant or to a person other than the complainant;

    • (c) fraud; or

    • (d) the exercise of authority.

  • Marginal note:Accused’s belief as to consent

    (4) Where an accused alleges that he believed that the complainant consented to the conduct that is the subject-matter of the charge, a judge, if satisfied that there is sufficient evidence and that, if believed by the jury, the evidence would constitute a defence, shall instruct the jury, when reviewing all the evidence relating to the determination of the honesty of the accused’s belief, to consider the presence or absence of reasonable grounds for that belief.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 244;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 93, s. 21;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 125, s. 19.