Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Effect of subsequent arrest

 Where an accused is bound by recognizance to appear for trial, his arrest on another charge does not vacate the recognizance, but it continues to bind him and his sureties, if any, for his appearance until he is discharged or sentenced, as the case may be, in respect of the offence to which the recognizance relates.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 699.
Marginal note:Render of accused by sureties
  •  (1) A surety for a person who is bound by recognizance to appear may, by an application in writing to a court, justice or provincial court judge, apply to be relieved of his obligation under the recognizance, and the court, justice or provincial court judge shall thereupon issue an order in writing for committal of that person to the prison nearest to the place where he was, under the recognizance, bound to appear.

  • Marginal note:Arrest

    (2) An order under subsection (1) shall be given to the surety and on receipt thereof he or any peace officer may arrest the person named in the order and deliver that person with the order to the keeper of the prison named therein, and the keeper shall receive and imprison that person until he is discharged according to law.

  • Marginal note:Certificate and entry of render

    (3) Where a court, justice or provincial court judge issues an order under subsection (1) and receives from the sheriff a certificate that the person named in the order has been committed to prison pursuant to subsection (2), the court, justice or provincial court judge shall order an entry of the committal to be endorsed on the recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Discharge of sureties

    (4) An endorsement under subsection (3) vacates the recognizance and discharges the sureties.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 766;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203.
Marginal note:Render of accused in court by sureties

 A surety for a person who is bound by recognizance to appear may bring that person into the court at which he is required to appear at any time during the sittings thereof and before his trial and the surety may discharge his obligation under the recognizance by giving that person into the custody of the court, and the court shall thereupon commit that person to prison until he is discharged according to law.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 701.
Marginal note:Substitution of surety
  •  (1) Notwithstanding subsection 766(1) and section 767, where a surety for a person who is bound by a recognizance has rendered the person into the custody of a court pursuant to section 767 or applies to be relieved of his obligation under the recognizance pursuant to subsection 766(1), the court, justice or provincial court judge, as the case may be, may, instead of committing or issuing an order for the committal of the person to prison, substitute any other suitable person for the surety under the recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Signing of recognizance by new sureties

    (2) Where a person substituted for a surety under a recognizance pursuant to subsection (1) signs the recognizance, the original surety is discharged, but the recognizance and the order for judicial interim release pursuant to which the recognizance was entered into are not otherwise affected.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 167.
Marginal note:Rights of surety preserved

 Nothing in this Part limits or restricts any right that a surety has of taking and giving into custody any person for whom, under a recognizance, he is a surety.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 702.
Marginal note:Application of judicial interim release provisions

 Where a surety for a person has rendered him into custody and that person has been committed to prison, the provisions of Parts XVI, XXI and XXVII relating to judicial interim release apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, in respect of him and he shall forthwith be taken before a justice or judge as an accused charged with an offence or as an appellant, as the case may be, for the purposes of those provisions.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 703;
  • R.S., c. 2(2nd Supp.), s. 14.
Marginal note:Default to be endorsed
  •  (1) Where, in proceedings to which this Act applies, a person who is bound by recognizance does not comply with a condition of the recognizance, a court, justice or provincial court judge having knowledge of the facts shall endorse or cause to be endorsed on the recognizance a certificate in Form 33 setting out

    • (a) the nature of the default;

    • (b) the reason for the default, if it is known;

    • (c) whether the ends of justice have been defeated or delayed by reason of the default; and

    • (d) the names and addresses of the principal and sureties.

  • Marginal note:Transmission to clerk of court

    (2) A recognizance that has been endorsed pursuant to subsection (1) shall be sent to the clerk of the court and shall be kept by him with the records of the court.

  • Marginal note:Certificate is evidence

    (3) A certificate that has been endorsed on a recognizance pursuant to subsection (1) is evidence of the default to which it relates.

  • Marginal note:Transmission of deposit

    (4) Where, in proceedings to which this section applies, the principal or surety has deposited money as security for the performance of a condition of a recognizance, that money shall be sent to the clerk of the court with the defaulted recognizance, to be dealt with in accordance with this Part.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 770;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 108.
Marginal note:Proceedings in case of default
  •  (1) Where a recognizance has been endorsed with a certificate pursuant to section 770 and has been received by the clerk of the court pursuant to that section,

    • (a) a judge of the court shall, on the request of the clerk of the court or the Attorney General or counsel acting on his behalf, fix a time and place for the hearing of an application for the forfeiture of the recognizance; and

    • (b) the clerk of the court shall, not less than ten days before the time fixed under paragraph (a) for the hearing, send by registered mail, or have served in the manner directed by the court or prescribed by the rules of court, to each principal and surety named in the recognizance, directed to the principal or surety at the address set out in the certificate, a notice requiring the person to appear at the time and place fixed by the judge to show cause why the recognizance should not be forfeited.

  • Marginal note:Order of judge

    (2) Where subsection (1) has been complied with, the judge may, after giving the parties an opportunity to be heard, in his discretion grant or refuse the application and make any order with respect to the forfeiture of the recognizance that he considers proper.

  • Marginal note:Judgment debtors of the Crown

    (3) Where, pursuant to subsection (2), a judge orders forfeiture of a recognizance, the principal and his sureties become judgment debtors of the Crown, each in the amount that the judge orders him to pay.

  • Marginal note:Order may be filed

    (3.1) An order made under subsection (2) may be filed with the clerk of the superior court and if an order is filed, the clerk shall issue a writ of fieri facias in Form 34 and deliver it to the sheriff of each of the territorial divisions in which the principal or any surety resides, carries on business or has property.

  • Marginal note:Transfer of deposit

    (4) Where a deposit has been made by a person against whom an order for forfeiture of a recognizance has been made, no writ of fieri facias shall issue, but the amount of the deposit shall be transferred by the person who has custody of it to the person who is entitled by law to receive it.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 771;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 168;
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 78;
  • 1999, c. 5, s. 43.
Marginal note:Levy under writ
  •  (1) Where a writ of fieri facias is issued pursuant to section 771, the sheriff to whom it is delivered shall execute the writ and deal with the proceeds thereof in the same manner in which he is authorized to execute and deal with the proceeds of writs of fieri facias issued out of superior courts in the province in civil proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (2) Where this section applies, the Crown is entitled to the costs of execution and of proceedings incidental thereto that are fixed, in the Province of Quebec, by any tariff applicable in the Superior Court in civil proceedings, and in any other province, by any tariff applicable in the superior court of the province in civil proceedings, as the judge may direct.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 706.
Marginal note:Committal when writ not satisfied
  •  (1) Where a writ of fieri facias has been issued under this Part and it appears from a certificate in a return made by the sheriff that sufficient goods and chattels, lands and tenements cannot be found to satisfy the writ, or that the proceeds of the execution of the writ are not sufficient to satisfy it, a judge of the court may, upon the application of the Attorney General or counsel acting on his behalf, fix a time and place for the sureties to show cause why a warrant of committal should not be issued in respect of them.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) Seven clear days notice of the time and place fixed for the hearing pursuant to subsection (1) shall be given to the sureties.

  • Marginal note:Hearing

    (3) The judge shall, at the hearing held pursuant to subsection (1), inquire into the circumstances of the case and may in his discretion

    • (a) order the discharge of the amount for which the surety is liable; or

    • (b) make any order with respect to the surety and to his imprisonment that he considers proper in the circumstances and issue a warrant of committal in Form 27.

  • Marginal note:Warrant to committal

    (4) A warrant of committal issued pursuant to this section authorizes the sheriff to take into custody the person in respect of whom the warrant was issued and to confine him in a prison in the territorial division in which the writ was issued or in the prison nearest to the court, until satisfaction is made or until the period of imprisonment fixed by the judge has expired.

  • Definition of Attorney General

    (5) In this section and in section 771, Attorney General means, where subsection 734.4(2) applies, the Attorney General of Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 773;
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 10.
 
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