Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2015-08-04 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Inciting to mutiny

 Every one who

  • (a) attempts, for a traitorous or mutinous purpose, to seduce a member of the Canadian Forces from his duty and allegiance to Her Majesty, or

  • (b) attempts to incite or to induce a member of the Canadian Forces to commit a traitorous or mutinous act,

is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 53.
Marginal note:Assisting deserter

 Every one who aids, assists, harbours or conceals a person who he knows is a deserter or absentee without leave from the Canadian Forces is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction, but no proceedings shall be instituted under this section without the consent of the Attorney General of Canada.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 54.
Marginal note:Evidence of overt acts

 In proceedings for an offence against any provision in section 47 or sections 49 to 53, no evidence is admissible of an overt act unless that overt act is set out in the indictment or unless the evidence is otherwise relevant as tending to prove an overt act that is set out therein.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 55.
Marginal note:Offences in relation to members of R.C.M.P.

 Every one who wilfully

  • (a) persuades or counsels a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to desert or absent himself without leave,

  • (b) aids, assists, harbours or conceals a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police who he knows is a deserter or absentee without leave, or

  • (c) aids or assists a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to desert or absent himself without leave, knowing that the member is about to desert or absent himself without leave,

is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 56;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 8.

Official Documents

Marginal note:Identity documents
  •  (1) Every person commits an offence who, without lawful excuse, procures to be made, possesses, transfers, sells or offers for sale an identity document that relates or purports to relate, in whole or in part, to another person.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (2) For greater certainty, subsection (1) does not prohibit an act that is carried out

    • (a) in good faith, in the ordinary course of the person’s business or employment or in the exercise of the duties of their office;

    • (b) for genealogical purposes;

    • (c) with the consent of the person to whom the identity document relates or of a person authorized to consent on behalf of the person to whom the document relates, or of the entity that issued the identity document; or

    • (d) for a legitimate purpose related to the administration of justice.

  • Definition of “identity document”

    (3) For the purposes of this section, “identity document” means a Social Insurance Number card, a driver’s licence, a health insurance card, a birth certificate, a death certificate, a passport as defined in subsection 57(5), a document that simplifies the process of entry into Canada, a certificate of citizenship, a document indicating immigration status in Canada, a certificate of Indian status or an employee identity card that bears the employee’s photograph and signature, or any similar document, issued or purported to be issued by a department or agency of the federal government or of a provincial or foreign government.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (4) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1)

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • 2009, c. 28, s. 1.