Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

 [Repealed, 1991, c. 43, s. 9]

Marginal note:Adjournment

 The appeal court may adjourn the hearing of an appeal from time to time as may be necessary.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 756.
Marginal note:Dismissal for failure to appear or want of prosecution

 The appeal court may, on proof that notice of an appeal has been given and that

  • (a) the appellant has failed to comply with any order made under section 816 or 817 or with the conditions of any undertaking or recognizance given or entered into as prescribed in either of those sections, or

  • (b) the appeal has not been proceeded with or has been abandoned,

order that the appeal be dismissed.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 757;
  • R.S., c. 2(2nd Supp.), s. 18.
Marginal note:Costs

 Where an appeal is heard and determined or is abandoned or is dismissed for want of prosecution, the appeal court may make any order with respect to costs that it considers just and reasonable.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 758.
Marginal note:To whom costs payable, and when
  •  (1) Where the appeal court orders the appellant or respondent to pay costs, the order shall direct that the costs be paid to the clerk of the court, to be paid by him to the person entitled to them, and shall fix the period within which the costs shall be paid.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of non-payment of costs

    (2) Where costs are not paid in full within the period fixed for payment and the person who has been ordered to pay them has not been bound by a recognizance to pay them, the clerk of the court shall, on application by the person entitled to the costs, or by any person on his behalf, and on payment of any fee to which the clerk of the court is entitled, issue a certificate in Form 42 certifying that the costs or a part thereof, as the case may be, have not been paid.

  • Marginal note:Committal

    (3) A justice having jurisdiction in the territorial division in which a certificate has been issued under subsection (2) may, on production of the certificate, by warrant in Form 26, commit the defaulter to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one month, unless the amount of the costs and, where the justice thinks fit so to order, the costs of the committal and of conveying the defaulter to prison are sooner paid.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 759.
Marginal note:Enforcement of conviction or order by court of appeal
  •  (1) A conviction or order made by the appeal court may be enforced

    • (a) in the same manner as if it had been made by the summary conviction court; or

    • (b) by process of the appeal court.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement by justice

    (2) Where an appeal taken against a conviction or order adjudging payment of a sum of money is dismissed, the summary conviction court that made the conviction or order or a justice for the same territorial division may issue a warrant of committal as if no appeal had been taken.

  • Marginal note:Duty of clerk of court

    (3) Where a conviction or order that has been made by an appeal court is to be enforced by a justice, the clerk of the appeal court shall send to the justice the conviction or order and all writings relating thereto, except the notice of intention to appeal and any recognizance.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 760.

Summary Appeal on Transcript or Agreed Statement of Facts

Definition of appeal court

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), for the purposes of sections 830 to 838, appeal court means, in any province, the superior court of criminal jurisdiction for the province.

  • Marginal note:Nunavut

    (2) If the appeal is from a conviction, judgment, verdict or other final order or determination of a summary conviction court consisting of a judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice, “appeal court” means a judge of the Court of Appeal of Nunavut.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 829;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 182;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 56.
Marginal note:Appeals
  •  (1) A party to proceedings to which this Part applies or the Attorney General may appeal against a conviction, judgment, verdict of acquittal or verdict of not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder or of unfit to stand trial or other final order or determination of a summary conviction court on the ground that

    • (a) it is erroneous in point of law;

    • (b) it is in excess of jurisdiction; or

    • (c) it constitutes a refusal or failure to exercise jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Form of appeal

    (2) An appeal under this section shall be based on a transcript of the proceedings appealed from unless the appellant files with the appeal court, within fifteen days of the filing of the notice of appeal, a statement of facts agreed to in writing by the respondent.

  • Marginal note:Rules for appeals

    (3) An appeal under this section shall be made within the period and in the manner directed by any applicable rules of court and where there are no such rules otherwise providing, a notice of appeal in writing shall be served on the respondent and a copy thereof, together with proof of service, shall be filed with the appeal court within thirty days after the date of the conviction, judgment or verdict of acquittal or other final order or determination that is the subject of the appeal.

  • Marginal note:Rights of Attorney General of Canada

    (4) The Attorney General of Canada has the same rights of appeal in proceedings instituted at the instance of the Government of Canada and conducted by or on behalf of that Government as the Attorney General of a province has under this section.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 830;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 182;
  • 1991, c. 43, s. 9.
Marginal note:Application

 The provisions of sections 816, 817, 819 and 825 apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, in respect of an appeal under section 830, except that on receiving an application by the person having the custody of an appellant described in section 819 to appoint a date for the hearing of the appeal, the appeal court shall, after giving the prosecutor a reasonable opportunity to be heard, give such directions as it thinks necessary for expediting the hearing of the appeal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 831;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 182.
Marginal note:Undertaking or recognizance
  •  (1) When a notice of appeal is filed pursuant to section 830, the appeal court may order that the appellant appear before a justice and give an undertaking or enter into a recognizance as provided in section 816 where the defendant is the appellant, or as provided in section 817, in any other case.

  • Marginal note:Attorney General

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply where the appellant is the Attorney General or counsel acting on behalf of the Attorney General.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 832;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 182.
Marginal note:No writ required

 No writ of certiorari or other writ is required to remove any conviction, judgment, verdict or other final order or determination of a summary conviction court for the purpose of obtaining the judgment, determination or opinion of the appeal court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 833;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 182;
  • 1991, c. 43, s. 9.
Marginal note:Powers of appeal court
  •  (1) When a notice of appeal is filed pursuant to section 830, the appeal court shall hear and determine the grounds of appeal and may

    • (a) affirm, reverse or modify the conviction, judgment, verdict or other final order or determination, or

    • (b) remit the matter to the summary conviction court with the opinion of the appeal court,

    and may make any other order in relation to the matter or with respect to costs that it considers proper.

  • Marginal note:Authority of judge

    (2) Where the authority and jurisdiction of the appeal court may be exercised by a judge of that court, the authority and jurisdiction may, subject to any applicable rules of court, be exercised by a judge of the court sitting in chambers as well in vacation as in term time.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 834;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 182;
  • 1991, c. 43, s. 9.
Marginal note:Enforcement
  •  (1) Where the appeal court renders its decision on an appeal, the summary conviction court from which the appeal was taken or a justice exercising the same jurisdiction has the same authority to enforce a conviction, order or determination that has been affirmed, modified or made by the appeal court as the summary conviction court would have had if no appeal had been taken.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) An order of the appeal court may be enforced by its own process.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 835;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 182.
 
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