Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-12-08 and last amended on 2014-12-06. Previous Versions

Special Jurisdiction

Marginal note:Special jurisdictions

 For the purposes of this Act,

  • (a) where an offence is committed in or on any water or on a bridge between two or more territorial divisions, the offence shall be deemed to have been committed in any of the territorial divisions;

  • (b) where an offence is committed on the boundary of two or more territorial divisions or within five hundred metres of any such boundary, or the offence was commenced within one territorial division and completed within another, the offence shall be deemed to have been committed in any of the territorial divisions;

  • (c) where an offence is committed in or on a vehicle employed in a journey, or on board a vessel employed on a navigable river, canal or inland water, the offence shall be deemed to have been committed in any territorial division through which the vehicle or vessel passed in the course of the journey or voyage on which the offence was committed, and where the center or other part of the road, or navigable river, canal or inland water on which the vehicle or vessel passed in the course of the journey or voyage is the boundary of two or more territorial divisions, the offence shall be deemed to have been committed in any of the territorial divisions;

  • (d) where an offence is committed in an aircraft in the course of a flight of that aircraft, it shall be deemed to have been committed

    • (i) in the territorial division in which the flight commenced,

    • (ii) in any territorial division over which the aircraft passed in the course of the flight, or

    • (iii) in the territorial division in which the flight ended; and

  • (e) where an offence is committed in respect of the mail in the course of its door-to-door delivery, the offence shall be deemed to have been committed in any territorial division through which the mail was carried on that delivery.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 476;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 186;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 58.

Definition of “ship”

  •  (1) In sections 477.1 to 477.4, “ship” includes any description of vessel, boat or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for marine navigation, without regard to method or lack of propulsion.

  • Marginal note:Saving

    (2) Nothing in sections 477.1 to 477.4 limits the operation of any other Act of Parliament or the jurisdiction that a court may exercise apart from those sections.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 477;
  • 1990, c. 44, s. 15;
  • 1996, c. 31, s. 67.
Marginal note:Offences outside of Canada

 Every person who commits an act or omission that, if it occurred in Canada, would be an offence under a federal law, within the meaning of section 2 of the Oceans Act, is deemed to have committed that act or omission in Canada if it is an act or omission

  • (a) in the exclusive economic zone of Canada that

    • (i) is committed by a person who is in the exclusive economic zone of Canada in connection with exploring or exploiting, conserving or managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the exclusive economic zone of Canada, and

    • (ii) is committed by or in relation to a person who is a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act;

  • (b) that is committed in a place in or above the continental shelf of Canada and that is an offence in that place by virtue of section 20 of the Oceans Act;

  • (c) that is committed outside Canada on board or by means of a ship registered or licensed, or for which an identification number has been issued, pursuant to any Act of Parliament;

  • (d) that is committed outside Canada in the course of hot pursuit; or

  • (e) that is committed outside the territory of any state by a Canadian citizen.

  • 1990, c. 44, s. 15;
  • 1996, c. 31, s. 68;
  • 2001, c. 27, s. 247.