Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-06-06 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Habeas corpus
  •  (1) Habeas corpus proceedings may be brought before a judge of the Court of Appeal of Nunavut in respect of an order made or warrant issued by a judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice, except where

    • (a) the order or warrant is of a kind that could only be made or issued in a province or a territory other than Nunavut by a superior court of criminal jurisdiction or a judge as defined in section 552; or

    • (b) another statutory right of review or appeal is available.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Despite subsection (1), habeas corpus proceedings may be brought before a judge of the Court of Appeal of Nunavut with respect to an order or warrant of a judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice if the proceedings are brought to challenge the constitutionality of a person’s detention or confinement.

  • Marginal note:Provisions apply

    (3) Subsections 784(2) to (6) apply in respect of any proceedings brought under subsection (1) or (2).

  • 1999, c. 3, s. 50.

PART XXProcedure in Jury Trials and General Provisions

Preferring Indictment

Marginal note:Prosecutor may prefer indictment
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), the prosecutor may, whether the charges were included in one information or not, prefer an indictment against any person who has been ordered to stand trial in respect of

    • (a) any charge on which that person was ordered to stand trial; or

    • (b) any charge founded on the facts disclosed by the evidence taken on the preliminary inquiry, in addition to or in substitution for any charge on which that person was ordered to stand trial.

  • Marginal note:Preferring indictment when no preliminary inquiry requested

    (1.1) If a person has not requested a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536(4) or 536.1(3) into the charge, the prosecutor may, subject to subsection (3), prefer an indictment against a person in respect of a charge set out in an information or informations, or any included charge, at any time after the person has made an election, re-election or deemed election on the information or informations.

  • Marginal note:Preferring single indictment

    (1.2) If indictments may be preferred under both subsections (1) and (1.1), the prosecutor may prefer a single indictment in respect of one or more charges referred to in subsection (1) combined with one or more charges or included charges referred to in subsection (1.1).

  • Marginal note:Consent to inclusion of other charges

    (2) An indictment preferred under any of subsections (1) to (1.2) may, if the accused consents, include a charge that is not referred to in those subsections, and the offence charged may be dealt with, tried and determined and punished in all respects as if it were an offence in respect of which the accused had been ordered to stand trial. However, if the offence was committed wholly in a province other than that in which the accused is before the court, subsection 478(3) applies.

  • Marginal note:Private prosecutor requires consent

    (3) In a prosecution conducted by a prosecutor other than the Attorney General and in which the Attorney General does not intervene, an indictment may not be preferred under any of subsections (1) to (1.2) before a court without the written order of a judge of that court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 574;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 113;
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 45.

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 113]

Marginal note:Indictment
  •  (1) Except as provided in this Act, no indictment shall be preferred.

  • Marginal note:Criminal information and bill of indictment

    (2) No criminal information shall be laid or granted and no bill of indictment shall be preferred before a grand jury.

  • Marginal note:Coroner’s inquisition

    (3) No person shall be tried on a coroner’s inquisition.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 576;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 114.
Marginal note:Direct indictments

 Despite section 574, an indictment may be preferred even if the accused has not been given the opportunity to request a preliminary inquiry, a preliminary inquiry has been commenced but not concluded or a preliminary inquiry has been held and the accused has been discharged, if

  • (a) in the case of a prosecution conducted by the Attorney General or one in which the Attorney General intervenes, the personal consent in writing of the Attorney General or Deputy Attorney General is filed in court; or

  • (b) in any other case, a judge of the court so orders.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 577;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 115, c. 1 (4th Supp.), s. 18(F);
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 46.
Marginal note:Summons or warrant
  •  (1) Where notice of the recommencement of proceedings has been given pursuant to subsection 579(2) or an indictment has been filed with the court before which the proceedings are to commence or recommence, the court, if it considers it necessary, may issue

    • (a) a summons addressed to, or

    • (b) a warrant for the arrest of,

    the accused or defendant, as the case may be, to compel him to attend before the court to answer the charge described in the indictment.

  • Marginal note:Part XVI to apply

    (2) The provisions of Part XVI apply with such modifications as the circumstances require where a summons or warrant is issued under subsection (1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 578;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 116.
Marginal note:Attorney General may direct stay
  •  (1) The Attorney General or counsel instructed by him for that purpose may, at any time after any proceedings in relation to an accused or a defendant are commenced and before judgment, direct the clerk or other proper officer of the court to make an entry on the record that the proceedings are stayed by his direction, and such entry shall be made forthwith thereafter, whereupon the proceedings shall be stayed accordingly and any recognizance relating to the proceedings is vacated.

  • Marginal note:Recommencement of proceedings

    (2) Proceedings stayed in accordance with subsection (1) may be recommenced, without laying a new information or preferring a new indictment, as the case may be, by the Attorney General or counsel instructed by him for that purpose giving notice of the recommencement to the clerk of the court in which the stay of the proceedings was entered, but where no such notice is given within one year after the entry of the stay of proceedings, or before the expiration of the time within which the proceedings could have been commenced, whichever is the earlier, the proceedings shall be deemed never to have been commenced.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 579;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 117.
Marginal note:When Attorney General does not stay proceedings

 If the Attorney General intervenes in proceedings and does not stay them under section 579, he or she may, without conducting the proceedings, call witnesses, examine and cross-examine witnesses, present evidence and make submissions.

  • 2002, c. 13, s. 47.
Marginal note:Intervention by Attorney General of Canada
  •  (1) The Attorney General of Canada or counsel instructed by him or her for that purpose may intervene in proceedings in the following circumstances:

    • (a) the proceedings are in respect of a contravention of, a conspiracy or attempt to contravene or counselling the contravention of an Act of Parliament or a regulation made under that Act, other than this Act or a regulation made under this Act;

    • (b) the proceedings have not been instituted by an Attorney General;

    • (c) judgment has not been rendered; and

    • (d) the Attorney General of the province in which the proceedings are taken has not intervened.

  • Marginal note:Section 579 to apply

    (2) Section 579 applies, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to proceedings in which the Attorney General of Canada intervenes pursuant to this section.

  • 1994, c. 44, s. 60.
Marginal note:Form of indictment

 An indictment is sufficient if it is on paper and is in Form 4.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 580;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 117.

General Provisions respecting Counts

Marginal note:Substance of offence
  •  (1) Each count in an indictment shall in general apply to a single transaction and shall contain in substance a statement that the accused or defendant committed an offence therein specified.

  • Marginal note:Form of statement

    (2) The statement referred to in subsection (1) may be

    • (a) in popular language without technical averments or allegations of matters that are not essential to be proved;

    • (b) in the words of the enactment that describes the offence or declares the matters charged to be an indictable offence; or

    • (c) in words that are sufficient to give to the accused notice of the offence with which he is charged.

  • Marginal note:Details of circumstances

    (3) A count shall contain sufficient detail of the circumstances of the alleged offence to give to the accused reasonable information with respect to the act or omission to be proved against him and to identify the transaction referred to, but otherwise the absence or insufficiency of details does not vitiate the count.

  • Marginal note:Indictment for treason

    (4) Where an accused is charged with an offence under section 47 or sections 49 to 53, every overt act that is to be relied on shall be stated in the indictment.

  • Marginal note:Reference to section

    (5) A count may refer to any section, subsection, paragraph or subparagraph of the enactment that creates the offence charged, and for the purpose of determining whether a count is sufficient, consideration shall be given to any such reference.

  • Marginal note:General provisions not restricted

    (6) Nothing in this Part relating to matters that do not render a count insufficient shall be deemed to restrict or limit the application of this section.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 581;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 118.
 
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