Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-03-16 and last amended on 2013-12-12. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Fabricating evidence

 Every one who, with intent to mislead, fabricates anything with intent that it shall be used as evidence in a judicial proceeding, existing or proposed, by any means other than perjury or incitement to perjury is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 125.
Marginal note:Offences relating to affidavits

 Every one who

  • (a) signs a writing that purports to be an affidavit or statutory declaration and to have been sworn or declared before him when the writing was not so sworn or declared or when he knows that he has no authority to administer the oath or declaration,

  • (b) uses or offers for use any writing purporting to be an affidavit or statutory declaration that he knows was not sworn or declared, as the case may be, by the affiant or declarant or before a person authorized in that behalf, or

  • (c) signs as affiant or declarant a writing that purports to be an affidavit or statutory declaration and to have been sworn or declared by him, as the case may be, when the writing was not so sworn or declared,

is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 126.
Marginal note:Obstructing justice
  •  (1) Every one who wilfully attempts in any manner to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice in a judicial proceeding,

    • (a) by indemnifying or agreeing to indemnify a surety, in any way and either in whole or in part, or

    • (b) where he is a surety, by accepting or agreeing to accept a fee or any form of indemnity whether in whole or in part from or in respect of a person who is released or is to be released from custody,

    is guilty of

    • (c) an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or

    • (d) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Every one who wilfully attempts in any manner other than a manner described in subsection (1) to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) Without restricting the generality of subsection (2), every one shall be deemed wilfully to attempt to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice who in a judicial proceeding, existing or proposed,

    • (a) dissuades or attempts to dissuade a person by threats, bribes or other corrupt means from giving evidence;

    • (b) influences or attempts to influence by threats, bribes or other corrupt means a person in his conduct as a juror; or

    • (c) accepts or obtains, agrees to accept or attempts to obtain a bribe or other corrupt consideration to abstain from giving evidence, or to do or to refrain from doing anything as a juror.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 127;
  • R.S., c. 2(2nd Supp.), s. 3;
  • 1972, c. 13, s. 8.