Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-09-29 and last amended on 2014-09-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Sexual exploitation of person with disability
  •  (1) Every person who is in a position of trust or authority towards a person with a mental or physical disability or who is a person with whom a person with a mental or physical disability is in a relationship of dependency and who, for a sexual purpose, counsels or incites that person to touch, without that person’s consent, his or her own body, the body of the person who so counsels or incites, or the body of any other person, directly or indirectly, with a part of the body or with an object, is guilty of

    • (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years; or

    • (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding eighteen months.

  • Definition of “consent”

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), “consent” means, for the purposes of this section, the voluntary agreement of the complainant to engage in the sexual activity in question.

  • Marginal note:When no consent obtained

    (3) No consent is obtained, for the purposes of this section, if

    • (a) the agreement is expressed by the words or conduct of a person other than the complainant;

    • (b) the complainant is incapable of consenting to the activity;

    • (c) the accused counsels or incites the complainant to engage in the activity by abusing a position of trust, power or authority;

    • (d) the complainant expresses, by words or conduct, a lack of agreement to engage in the activity; or

    • (e) the complainant, having consented to engage in sexual activity, expresses, by words or conduct, a lack of agreement to continue to engage in the activity.

  • Marginal note:Subsection (3) not limiting

    (4) Nothing in subsection (3) shall be construed as limiting the circumstances in which no consent is obtained.

  • Marginal note:When belief in consent not a defence

    (5) It is not a defence to a charge under this section that the accused believed that the complainant consented to the activity that forms the subject-matter of the charge if

    • (a) the accused’s belief arose from the accused’s

      • (i) self-induced intoxication, or

      • (ii) recklessness or wilful blindness; or

    • (b) the accused did not take reasonable steps, in the circumstances known to the accused at the time, to ascertain that the complainant was consenting.

  • Marginal note:Accused’s belief as to consent

    (6) If an accused alleges that he or she believed that the complainant consented to the conduct that is the subject-matter of the charge, a judge, if satisfied that there is sufficient evidence and that, if believed by the jury, the evidence would constitute a defence, shall instruct the jury, when reviewing all the evidence relating to the determination of the honesty of the accused’s belief, to consider the presence or absence of reasonable grounds for that belief.

  • 1998, c. 9, s. 2.