Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-08-15 and last amended on 2016-06-17. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Attack on premises, residence or transport of internationally protected person

 Every one who commits a violent attack on the official premises, private accommodation or means of transport of an internationally protected person that is likely to endanger the life or liberty of such a person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than fourteen years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 431;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 58;
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 13.
Marginal note:Attack on premises, accommodation or transport of United Nations or associated personnel

 Every one who commits a violent attack on the official premises, private accommodation or means of transport of a member of United Nations personnel or associated personnel that is likely to endanger the life or liberty of such a person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than fourteen years.

  • 2001, c. 41, s. 13.
Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

    explosive or other lethal device

    engin explosif ou autre engin meurtrier

    explosive or other lethal device means

    • (a) an explosive or incendiary weapon or device that is designed to cause, or is capable of causing, death, serious bodily injury or substantial material damage; or

    • (b) a weapon or device that is designed to cause, or is capable of causing, death, serious bodily injury or substantial material damage through the release, dissemination or impact of toxic chemicals, biological agents or toxins or similar substances, or radiation or radioactive material. (engin explosif ou autre engin meurtrier)

    infrastructure facility

    infrastructure

    infrastructure facility means a publicly or privately owned facility that provides or distributes services for the benefit of the public, including services relating to water, sewage, energy, fuel and communications. (infrastructure)

    military forces of a state

    forces armées d’un État

    military forces of a state means the armed forces that a state organizes, trains and equips in accordance with the law of the state for the primary purpose of national defence or national security, and every person acting in support of those armed forces who is under their formal command, control and responsibility. (forces armées d’un État)

    place of public use

    lieu public

    place of public use means those parts of land, a building, street, waterway or other location that are accessible or open to members of the public, whether on a continuous, periodic or occasional basis, and includes any commercial, business, cultural, historical, educational, religious, governmental, entertainment, recreational or other place that is accessible or open to the public on such a basis. (lieu public)

    public transportation system

    système de transport public

    public transportation system means a publicly or privately owned facility, conveyance or other thing that is used in connection with publicly available services for the transportation of persons or cargo. (système de transport public)

  • Marginal note:Explosive or other lethal device

    (2) Every one who delivers, places, discharges or detonates an explosive or other lethal device to, into, in or against a place of public use, a government or public facility, a public transportation system or an infrastructure facility, either with intent to cause death or serious bodily injury or with intent to cause extensive destruction of such a place, system or facility that results in or is likely to result in major economic loss, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for life.

  • Marginal note:Armed forces

    (3) For greater certainty, subsection (2) does not apply to an act or omission that is committed during an armed conflict and that, at the time and in the place of its commission, is in accordance with customary international law or conventional international law applicable to the conflict, or to activities undertaken by military forces of a state in the exercise of their official duties, to the extent that those activities are governed by other rules of international law.

  • 2001, c. 41, s. 13.
Marginal note:Unauthorized recording of a movie
  •  (1) A person who, without the consent of the theatre manager, records in a movie theatre a performance of a cinematographic work within the meaning of section 2 of the Copyright Act or its soundtrack

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Unauthorized recording for purpose of sale, etc.

    (2) A person who, without the consent of the theatre manager, records in a movie theatre a performance of a cinematographic work within the meaning of section 2 of the Copyright Act or its soundtrack for the purpose of the sale, rental or other commercial distribution of a copy of the cinematographic work

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (3) In addition to any punishment that is imposed on a person who is convicted of an offence under this section, the court may order that anything that is used in the commission of the offence be forfeited to Her Majesty in right of the province in which the proceedings are taken. Anything that is forfeited may be disposed of as the Attorney General directs.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture — limitation

    (4) No order may be made under subsection (3) in respect of anything that is the property of a person who is not a party to the offence.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 432;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 58;
  • 2007, c. 28, s. 1.

Arson and Other Fires

Marginal note:Arson — disregard for human life

 Every person who intentionally or recklessly causes damage by fire or explosion to property, whether or not that person owns the property, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for life where

  • (a) the person knows that or is reckless with respect to whether the property is inhabited or occupied; or

  • (b) the fire or explosion causes bodily harm to another person.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 433;
  • 1990, c. 15, s. 1.
Marginal note:Arson — damage to property

 Every person who intentionally or recklessly causes damage by fire or explosion to property that is not wholly owned by that person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 434;
  • 1990, c. 15, s. 1.
Marginal note:Arson — own property

 Every person who intentionally or recklessly causes damage by fire or explosion to property that is owned, in whole or in part, by that person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years, where the fire or explosion seriously threatens the health, safety or property of another person.

  • 1990, c. 15, s. 1.
Marginal note:Arson for fraudulent purpose
  •  (1) Every person who, with intent to defraud any other person, causes damage by fire or explosion to property, whether or not that person owns, in whole or in part, the property, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.

  • Marginal note:Holder or beneficiary of fire insurance policy

    (2) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (1), the fact that the person was the holder of or was named as a beneficiary under a policy of fire insurance relating to the property in respect of which the offence is alleged to have been committed is a fact from which intent to defraud may be inferred by the court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 435;
  • 1990, c. 15, s. 1.
Marginal note:Arson by negligence
  •  (1) Every person who owns, in whole or in part, or controls property is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years where, as a result of a marked departure from the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would use to prevent or control the spread of fires or to prevent explosions, that person is a cause of a fire or explosion in that property that causes bodily harm to another person or damage to property.

  • Marginal note:Non-compliance with prevention laws

    (2) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (1), the fact that the person has failed to comply with any law respecting the prevention or control of fires or explosions in the property is a fact from which a marked departure from the standard of care referred to in that subsection may be inferred by the court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 436;
  • 1990, c. 15, s. 1.
 
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